مَسَائِلٌ مُسْتَنْبَطَةٌ مِنْ قَوْلِ اللهِ تَعَالَى:
﴿وَأَنَّ الْمَسَاجِدَ لِلّٰهِ فَلاَ تَدْعُوا مَعَ اللّٰهِ أَحَدًا.﴾ [الجن: 18] اَلْآيَة
Rulings Deducted from the Statement of Allâhu Taâlâ in the Âyah,
"And the Masâjid are only for Allâh, so pray not unto anyone along with Allâh." (al-Jinn 72/18)1
Muhammad bin Abd'il Wahhâb RahimahullâhIn the name of Allâh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
Shaykh Muhammad bin Abd'il Wahhâb Rahimahullâhu Taâlâ said:
There are 10 levels in this Âyah (verse):2
1- The heart's confirmation that invoking other than Allâh [and worshipping other than Him]3 is Bâtil (void). Those who oppose this principle have opposed.4
2- This [-worshipping other than Allâh and invoking other than Him-]5 is an abominable, [atrocious]6 act that enmity should be manifested towards. Those who oppose this principle have opposed.
3- This is amongst al-Kabâ'ir (the Major Sins) and the catastrophes which require hatred and disavowal. [Rather, this is the greatest of the Kabâ'ir.]7 Those who oppose this principle have opposed.
4- This is an act of ash-Shirk['ul Akbar]8 to Allâh which He never forgives [except with Tawbah (repentance). If its doer dies while he is upon this, then entering Jannah is Harâm for him and he will reside in an-Nâr (hell) eternally, and he will not have anyone to avail him nor intercede on his behalf.]9 Those who oppose this principle have opposed.
5- When a Muslim believes in it or adopts it as his Dîn he becomes a Kâfir. Those who oppose this principle have opposed.
6- When a sincere Muslim says this (i.e., invokes other than Allâh) -alongside knowing this reality (embracing it wholeheartedly)- jokingly, out of fear, or out of greed (for a worldly possession), he becomes Kafir. If this is so, then what would be the condition of the one who degrades his heart to this level (of Shirk) and confirms it? Those who oppose this principle have opposed.
7- When you start to act upon these, then you will start treating the Kuffâr with enmity, whether they are your father, son, or others. Those who oppose this principle have opposed.
8- This is the meaning of "La Ilaha Illallâh (there is no -true- deity -worthy of worship- except Allâh)." Al-Ilah (the deity), is al-Ma'lûh (the one who is worshiped). [Ilahiyyah]10 Ta'alluh (to divinize, to worship) is an act amongst actions. Rejecting this to be performed to other than Allâh is an abandonment11 amongst abandonments.12
9- Fighting upon these principles until there is no more Fitnah (disbelief and polytheism: i.e. worshipping others besides Allâh) and until all of the Dîn (religion) will be for Allâh Alone.13
10- The Jizyah (a tax levied on non-Muslims who live under the protection of Islâmic government as an equivalent to the Zakâh which Muslims pay) will not be accepted from those who invoke other than Allâh as it is accepted from the Jews. Neither will their women be espoused as the women of the Jews are espoused, since this is a waxier Kufr (than the Kufr of the Jews).14
Whenever you act upon on all of these levels, some of those who are with you (your family, spouse, friends etc.,) will tarry from you (they will abandon you). Wallâhu A'lam (And Allâh knows best)!..
1- This pamphlet, which its title can also be translated as, "Issues Taken from the Statement of Allâhu Taâlâ in the Âyah, 'And the Masâjid (pl. Masjid; places of worship) are only for Allâh, so pray (invoke/worship) not unto anyone along with Allâh.' (al-Jinn 72/18)" may be found in: Muallafât'ush Shaykh Muhammad bin Abd'il Wahhâb, 1/388-389; and ad-Durar as-Saniyyah, 13/426-427. With little difference in wording, this pamphlet was also quoted in the book, Fathullâh'il Hamîd'il Majîd, p. 143-144, printed in India in the year 1317H, which is said to be the first book among the commentaries made to Shaykh Muhammad bin Abd'il Wahhâb's work titled "Kitâb'ut Tawhîd" even though not much is known about its author. It is possible that these differences are actually explanations to the words of the Shaykh Rahimahullâh. Nevertheless, the differences in wording will be pointed out as they are beneficial, Inshâllâhu Taâlâ.
2- In the work "Fathullâh'il Hamîd'il Majîd", the introduction of this pamphlet is as follows:
"May Allâh emplace him in Paradise, Shaykh Muhammad bin Abd'il Wahhâb Rahimahullâh said,
"La Ilaha Illallâh has ten degrees. It is incumbent upon the Muslim to learn them and to distinguish people accordingly."
3- The phrase between brackets is found in "Fathullâh'il Hamîd'il Majîd".
4- The following explanation is given at the end of this pamphlet in ad-Durar'us Saniyyah concerning the statement, "Those who oppose this principle have opposed."
"There are some people who believe that it is permissible to invoke other than Allâh. The Rasûl Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallam and those who believe him are in opposition to these people. There are some people who do not reject the Tâghût and do not manifest enmity to the Tâghût. The Rasûl Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallam and those who believe him are in opposition to these people. Rather, the religion of Ibrâhîm Alayh'is Salâm is rejecting the Tâghût and believing in Allâh. This is the case for all other levels which are mentioned in the Pamphlet." Wallâhu A'lam!
5- The phrase between brackets is found in "Fathullâh'il Hamîd'il Majîd".
6- The phrase between brackets is found in "Fathullâh'il Hamîd'il Majîd".
7- The phrase between brackets is found in "Fathullâh'il Hamîd'il Majîd".
8- The phrase between brackets is found in "Fathullâh'il Hamîd'il Majîd".
9- The phrase between brackets is found in "Fathullâh'il Hamîd'il Majîd".
10- The phrase between brackets is found in "ad-Durar'us Saniyyah" instead of the phrase Ta'alluh.
11- The phrase is as follows in "Fathullâh'il Hamîd'il Majîd",
"This is in relevance with La Ilaha Illallâh and is the meaning of La Ilaha Illallâh. Affirming it is an action, and rejecting it is abandonment of the act."
12- In other words, the foundation of Tawhîd is based on deeds, whether it is from the aspect of Nafy (rejection) or Ithbât (affirmation). La Ilaha Illallâh is not a mere word which has nothing to do with deeds and only exists in the heart and on the tongue, as is perceived by some.
13- This is because Allâh says,
"And fight them until there is no more Fitnah (disbelief and polytheism: i.e. worshipping others besides Allâh) and until all of the Dîn (religion) will be for Allâh Alone." (al-Anfâl 8/39)
14- The phrase is as follows in "Fathullâh'il Hamîd'il Majîd",
"The Kufr of the one who practices Shirk is greater than the Kufr of the Jews; the womenfolk of the Jews are espoused but the polytheist women are not espoused."