Call to Tawhid


Started by Mudâfa’at’ut Tawhîd, 26.04.2023, 00:41

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Mudâfa’at’ut Tawhîd

بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
The Grave Danger Awaiting Those Who Turn from Their Hijrah!
Shaykh Abdullâh bin Abd'il Latîf Rahimahullâh1

Shaykh Abdullâh bin Abd'il Latîf bin Abd'ir Rahmân Rahimahumullâhu Taâlâ said:

In the name of Allâh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

From Abdullâh bin Abd'il Latîf to all the honourable brothers from the people of al-Artawiyah and others,

May Allâhu Taâlâ save them from evil and grant them success in holding onto al-Urwat'ul Wuthqâ (Tawhîd the firmest handhold). May He protect them from misguiding views and desires. May Allâh's peace, mercy, and blessings be upon you.

The motive of this letter is to increase in warning you, making you understanding, and cautioning you against enmity, division, and disagreement. For Allâh has blessed you with recognizing His religion and has guided you to His religion; He has saved you from the darkness of ignorance, desire, Shirk, destruction, and Jâhiliyyah which those whom live upon it lives as a wretched and the deceased is thrown into the fire.

Allâh Subhânahu wa bi Hamdih did not severe the Islâmic brotherhood between the one who murders unjustly and the person whom he murdered, despite the severe threat pertaining to killing unjustly. Allâhu Taâlâ said,

﴿كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الْقِصَاصُ فِي الْقَتْلَى الْحُرُّ بِالْحُرِّ وَالْعَبْدُ بِالْعَبْدِ وَالْأُنْثَى بِالْأُنْثَى فَمَنْ عُفِيَ لَهُ مِنْ أَخِيهِ شَيْءٌ﴾

"O you who have believed, prescribed for you is legal retribution for those murdered - the free for the free, the slave for the slave, and the female for the female. But whoever is pardoned by his brother..." (al-Baqarah, 2/178)

So Allâhu Taâlâ named the killed person the brother of the murderer and this grave sin did not severe the brotherhood between them. Allâhu Taâlâ said,

﴿وَإِنْ طَائِفَتَانِ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ اقْتَتَلُوا فَأَصْلِحُوا بَيْنَهُمَا فَإِنْ بَغَتْ إِحْدَاهُمَا عَلَى الْأُخْرَى فَقَاتِلُوا الَّتِي تَبْغِي حَتَّى تَفِيءَ إِلَى أَمْرِ اللَّهِ فَإِنْ فَاءَتْ فَأَصْلِحُوا بَيْنَهُمَا بِالْعَدْلِ وَأَقْسِطُوا إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُقْسِطِينَ ۞ إِنَّمَا الْمُؤْمِنُونَ إِخْوَةٌ فَأَصْلِحُوا بَيْنَ أَخَوَيْكُمْ﴾

"And if two factions among the believers should fight, then reconcile between the two. But if one of them transgresses against the other, then fight against the one that transgresses until it returns to the command of Allâh. And if it returns, then reconcile between them with justice and act justly. Indeed, Allâh loves those who act justly. All believers are but brothers, therefore seek reconciliation between your two brothers!.." (al-Hujurât, 49/9-10)

Allâh Subhânahu did not severe the brotherhood between the Muslims even if fighting occurred amongst them and one party transgressed the other.

Whereas, you have parted the company of one another and hate one another for things that are lesser than this and which do not require forsaking! This is from among the greatest of traps belonging to the shaytân for the people of Islâm. May Allâh protect us and you from this.

Also, Allâh Subhânahu wa bi Hamdih, blessed those whom he blessed among you with Hijraj (migration) and settling. This is a great blessing. Rasûlullâh Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallam recommended this to those who embraced Islâm from the Bedouins and others. Rasûlullâh Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallam said in the Hadîth of Buraydah Radiyallâhu Anh,

ادعهم إلى الهجرة والجهاد، فإن فعلوا ذلك فلهم ما للمهاجرين، وعليهم ما على المهاجرين، فإن أبوا فأخبرهم أنهم يكونون كأعراب المسلمين، ولا يكون لهم في الغنيمة والفيء شيء، إلا أن يجاهدوا مع المسلمين

"Invite them to Hijrah and Jihâd. If they do this, then for them is what is for the Muhâjirûn, and upon them is what is upon the Muhâjirûn. If they refuse, then inform them that they shall be like the Bedouins of the Muslims; they will not have any share from the loot and spoils of war, unless they wage Jihâd alongside the Muslims..."2

And Rasûlullâh Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallam informed about a man who had migrated, then returned from his Hijrah to live in the desert and he said,

ردة صغرى، ملعون من فعل ذلك

"This is Minor Apostasy! Whoever commits this is cursed!"3

Those who stay in the desert and perfects his Islâm is better in the sight of Allâh than those who migrated, then turned back from his Hijrah.

It has reached me that from the people of al-Artawiyah are those who migrated, established themselves, and desire to turn back from their Hijrah to the desert. This is a great catastrophe! The one who does so is not safe from falling into major apostasy and from being of those who turned back on their heels after guidance was made clear to them. So, beware of this! Be patient, compete with each other in patience, guard your frontiers, remain firm upon the command of your Lord, and do not be of those who have exchanged the blessing of Allâh for Kufr!.. I ask Allâh to grant me and you success guidance.

Wa's Salâmu Alaykum wa Rahmatullâhi wa Barakâtuhu.

1- Ad-Durar'us Saniyyah, 8/80-82.

2- With similar wording in Muslim, Hadîth no. 1731.

3- With similar wording in an-Nasâ'î, Hadîth no. 5102.
قَالَ ابْنُ عَقِيل رَحِمَهُ اللهُ: «إذَا أَرَدْت أَنْ تَعْلَمَ مَحَلَّ الْإِسْلَامِ مِنْ أَهْلِ الزَّمَانِ فَلَا تَنْظُرْ إلَى زِحَامِهِمْ فِي أَبْوَابِ الْجَوَامِعِ، وَلَا ‌ضَجِيجِهِمْ فِي الْمَوْقِفِ بِلَبَّيْكَ، وَإِنَّمَا اُنْظُرْ إلَى مُوَاطَأَتِهِمْ ‌أَعْدَاءَ الشَّرِيعَةِ.»
Ibnu Aqîl Rahimahullâh said, "If you want to learn the status of Islâm among contemporary people, then do not look at their crowds at the doors of the mosques and their crying Labbayk at the Mawqif (during Hajj). On the contrary, look at their collusion with the enemies of the Sharî'ah!" (Ibnu Muflih, al-Âdâb'ush Sharî'ah, 1/237)

Subul’us Salâm

Shaykh Sulaymân bin Sahmân Rahimahullâh1

The third question: The one who comes out from the deserts, settles down and builds his house, and then moves out to the desert, but loves Islâm and the Muslims alongside having no intention of returning from the deserts; which threats will befall him?

The answer: The person who migrates from the desert, builds his house, and then moves out to the desert without having the intention of returning has committed a sin from the major sins and has committed a forbidden deed, as was mentioned by the people of knowledge. This act does not take him out of the nation, and his rights are to the extent of his Islâmic rights. So, this person will be loved and befriended to the extent he adheres to the Shar'î rulings of Islâm, and he is shown enmity and hostility to the extent of committing this major sin. From amongst the threats, he deserves being cursed, which is deserved by the committer of major sins. As at-Tabarânî narrated as Marfû in the Hadîth of Jâbir bin Samurah Radiyallâhu Anh,

«لعن الله من بدا بعد هجرته، إلا في الفتنة»
"Allâh curses the one who becomes a Bedouin (settles in the desert) after his migration except in the state of Fitnah."2

Also, as an-Nasâ'î narrated as Marfû on the authority of Abdullâh bin Mas'ûd Radiyallâhu Anh,

«لعن الله آكل الربا ومؤكله»

"Allâh has cursed the one who consumes interest and the one who pays it."

This Hadîth also mentions,

«والمرتد بعد هجرته أعرابيا»

"He who returns from his migration becoming a Bedouin (settles in the desert)."3

In his work an-Nihâyah, Ibn'ul Athîr said, "Whoever returns from his migration to another place without an excuse; they consider this person like an apostate."4 End quote from al-Fath.5

Similar is what was narrated by al-Bukhârî on the authority of Salamah Ibn'ul Akwa Radiyallâhu Anh, that when Salamah entered upon al-Hajjâj, al-Hajjâj said,

«يا ابن الأكوع ارتدتّ على عقبيك، تعربت؟»

"O Ibn'ul Akwa! Did you turn back on your heels? Did you become a Bedouin (settle in the desert)?"

Salamah said,

«لا، ولكن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أذن لي في البدو»

"No! However, the Messenger of Allâh Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallam permitted me to settle in the desert." End quote.6

If the person who turns from his migration is a cursed Bedouin due to the fear of roughness and forgetting knowledge and due to the benefit of Islâm -while the Bedouins were the best in terms of condition and the most perfect in intelligence at that time-, then what is the situation of the Bedouins of our era who do not possess knowledge pertaining to the religion and the Shar'î rulings of Islâm! They are more deserving and worthier of this punishment.

As for Ibn'ul Athîr's statement, "Whoever returns from his migration to another place without an excuse; they consider this person like an apostate," then the intent with apostasy here is minor apostasy that does not take one out of the fold of the nation. The evidence for this is the above-mentioned Ahâdîth regarding threatening those who do this by cursing and what was mentioned by al-Imâd Ibnu Kathîr in the explanation of the following statement of Allâhu Taâlâ,

﴿‌إِنْ ‌تَجْتَنِبُوا ‌كَبَائِرَ ‌مَا تُنْهَوْنَ عَنْهُ نُكَفِّرْ عَنْكُمْ سَيِّئَاتِكُمْ وَنُدْخِلْكُمْ مُدْخَلًا كَرِيمًا﴾ [النساء: 31]

"If you avoid the major sins which you are forbidden, We shall expiate your minor sins from you, and admit you to a noble entrance." (an-Nisâ, 4/31)

Ibnu Kathîr Rahimahullâh said,

"Ibnu Abî Hâtim said: Ahmad bin Sinân reported to us and said: Abû Ahmad -i.e., az-Zubayrî- reported to us, Alî bin Sâlih reported to use on the authority of Uthmân Ibn'ul Mughîrah from Mâlik bin Jarîr, from Alî Radiyallâhu Anh that he said,

«الكبائر: الإشراك بالله، وقتل النفس، وأكل مال اليتيم، وقذف المحصنات، والفرار من الزحف، والتعرب بعد الهجرة»

"The major sins are: Associating partners with Allâh, killing a soul, consuming the wealth of the orphans, slandering chaste women, fleeing from war, becoming a Bedouin (settling in the desert) after migration."

He mentioned the Hadîth in its entirety. End quote.7 Alî Radiyallâhu Anh mentioned that becoming a Bedouin (settling in the desert) after migration is among the major sins.

The statements of the Salaf Rahimahumullâh on this matter is well-known and famous in the books of Hadîth and Tafsîr, this is not obscure from those who seek the truth and whose intention is to follow the path of the believers. Help is only sought from Allâh.

1- Sulaymân bin Sahmân, Minhâju Ahl'il Haqqi wa'l Ittibâ fî Mukhâlafati Ahl'il Jahl wa'l Ibtidâ, p. 35-37.

2- At-Tabarânî, al-Mu'jam'ul Kabîr, Hadîth no. 2074.

3- An-Nasâ'î, Hadîth no. 5102.

4- Ibn'ul Athîr, an-Nihâyah, 3/202.

5- Ibnu Hajar, Fath'ul Bârî, 13/41.

6- Al-Bukhârî, Hadîth no. 7087.

7- Ibnu Kathîr, Tafsîr, Dâr'ul Kutub'il Ilmiyyah, 2/246.
"If the ignorant persists, gets haughty, is determined upon his transgression and misguidance, chooses blindness over guidance, and if what he falls into and disputes with regards to is Shirk Akbar (major Shirk) that brings the person who commits it out of the fold of the faction of Muslims to the party of polytheists, then in this case, the just verdict is the sword!" (al-Fath'ur Rabbânî min Fatâwâ'l Imâm ash-Shawkânî, 1/185)

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