Call to Tawhid

IBNU TAYMIYYAH’S VIEW REGARDING THE EXCUSE OF IGNORANCE & MU’AYYAN TAKFÎR

Started by Mudâfa’at’ut Tawhîd, 23.10.2022, 01:37

Previous topic - Next topic

Mudâfa’at’ut Tawhîd


[Extremism, the Beginning of Shirk in this Nation, and the Strangeness of Islâm]

Whatever occurred in this nation has occurred. The afflictions became widespread due to what occurred of these evils, which were mentioned by Shaykh'ul Islâm and his disciple Allâmah Ibn'ul Qayyim -may Allâh have mercy on both of them- and others like Ibnu Waddâh and Abû Shâmah in his book "al-Bâ'ith alâ Inkâr'il Bida wa'l Hawâdith". These scholars have spoken the truth, clarified, and distinguished between guidance and misguidance.

Ponder upon what Allâh mentioned in His Book regarding the People of the Book so that what is correct will become clear to you. Also, it will be revealed to you that after the preferred generations, innovations became widespread, and that what Shaykh'ul Islâm mentioned -in what was previously mentioned- has occurred in the nation. Shaykh'ul Islâm mentioned that from amongst these people were some such as the Ismâ'ilî Bâtinî's, the Qarâmitah, and their likes who were more Kâfir than the Jews and Christians.

Constructing buildings and Mashhad's (martyriums) on the graves occurred from these groups. Going to extremes and the prefaces of Shirk also occurred from these groups. Calamities became wide-spread due to such affairs. Thereafter, the scholars rejected this and mentioned what took place of Shirk and idolatry. So much so that this had occurred from those who claimed to be ascetic and worshippers and satan achieved his desire from most of the nation.

The scholars authored books on the strangeness of Islâm. The elite who consist of the people of knowledge and the common-folk know these books. What has occurred of these is not hidden from those who possess insight. What the Prophet Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallam said in response to the Mother of the Believers (Zaynab bint Jahsh) when she said the following is sufficient for the one who seeks the truth, "O Messenger of Allâh! Will we be destroyed while among us are the righteous?" The Messenger of Allâh Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallam said, "Yes! When evil increases..."49

We have mentioned what the scholars have mentioned regarding what occurred in the end times of this nation, these occurrences have become mass-transmitted and we have witnessed it.

The statement by Allâmah Ibn'ul Qayyim Rahimahullâh when he mentioned the Shirk that took place in this nation has previously been mentioned, "How few are free from this! Moreover, how few are those who do not show hostility to those who oppose them?" Surely Ibn'ul Qayyim has spoken the truth and has clarified. If this has occurred in the seventh century and earlier, just imagine how much more occurred in centuries wherein knowledge has become extinct and ignorance, corruption, and oppression has prevailed? Help is only sought from Allâh.

Most people were deceived with regards to the issue of religion by the mere utterance of La Ilaha Illallâh while being ignorant of what it signifies and opposing what it comprises in word, deed, and creed. Thus, these people affirmed what La Ilaha Illallâh negated from associating partners to Allâh, and they negated what La Ilaha Illallâh affirmed of devoting worship exclusively to Allâh, as Allâhu Taâlâ stated,

"And they were not commanded except to worship Allâh, (being) sincere to Him in religion, inclining to truth, and to establish prayer and to give Zakâh. And that is the correct religion." (al-Bayyinah, 98/5)

So when such person invokes and seeks rescue from other than Allâh in things which no one other than Allâh is capable of, and when the Muwahhidûn say to him, "No one other than Allâh is to be worshipped! Worship in all its forms is unique to Allâh," he says, "You have degraded the righteous people" and other similar phrases that include denying the meaning of La Ilaha Illallâh and censuring those who invite to what La Ilaha Illallâh comprises, as Allâhu Taâlâ stated,

"When Allâh is mentioned alone, the hearts of those who do not believe in the Hereafter are filled with disgust, and when those (whom they worship) other than Him are mentioned, immediately, the rejoice." (az-Zumar, 39/45)

How similar are these people to those whom this verse was revealed regarding!



49- Al-Bukhârî, Hadîth no. 3168, 3403; Muslim, Hadîth no. 2880.
قَالَ ابْنُ عَقِيل رَحِمَهُ اللهُ: «إذَا أَرَدْت أَنْ تَعْلَمَ مَحَلَّ الْإِسْلَامِ مِنْ أَهْلِ الزَّمَانِ فَلَا تَنْظُرْ إلَى زِحَامِهِمْ فِي أَبْوَابِ الْجَوَامِعِ، وَلَا ‌ضَجِيجِهِمْ فِي الْمَوْقِفِ بِلَبَّيْكَ، وَإِنَّمَا اُنْظُرْ إلَى مُوَاطَأَتِهِمْ ‌أَعْدَاءَ الشَّرِيعَةِ.»
Ibnu Aqîl Rahimahullâh said, "If you want to learn the status of Islâm among contemporary people, then do not look at their crowds at the doors of the mosques and their crying Labbayk at the Mawqif (during Hajj). On the contrary, look at their collusion with the enemies of the Sharî'ah!" (Ibnu Muflih, al-Âdâb'ush Sharî'ah, 1/237)

Mudâfa’at’ut Tawhîd


[Chapter]

[The Invocation of Worship and the Invocation of Requesting]

Shaykh'ul Islâm Rahimahullâhu Taâlâ said, "It is unlawful to build masjids over graves. If something other than a masjid is built over it, this is also prohibited with the agreement of the scholars. For this is one of the means that lead to the unlawful Shirk."50

Shaykh'ul Islâm Rahimahullâh also said, "Know that the phrase Du'â and Da'wah found in the Qur'ân comprises of two meanings: The invocation of worship and the invocation of requesting. Every slave is a supplicant, and every supplicant is a slave. One of the two nouns comprises the other when it is isolated from the other. When the two are brought together, the intent by the supplicant is the one who seeks bringing forth benefits and dispelling harm via the wording of asking and seeking.

[What is intended with the worshipper is the one who seeks this through complying with the commands, even if the wording of asking is not present. A person who supplicates to Allâh with the invocation of worship or invocation of asking cannot be imagined to be devoid of aspiration, apprehensive fear, fear, and ambition."51

Shaykh'ul Islâm Rahimahullâh said, "The religion which Allâh sent His messengers with and revealed His books with is worshipping Allâh who is One and has no partners. When the slave requests something from the affairs which none other than Allâh has the power to fulfill, such as curing his ill, paying his debt, well-being with regards to what he is afflicted with from the afflictions of the world and Hereafter, attaining triumph over his enemy, guidance of his heart, forgiveness of his sin, and the like, then it is unlawful to request these from other than Allâh.

It is also impermissible to say, "Forgive me, help me" to an angel, prophet, Shaykh, or jinn. Whoever asks a created being for any of these, then he has ascribed that being as a partner to Allâh. It is obligatory to ask such person to repent. If he repents, he repents, otherwise he is killed. Such person resembles the Christians. Likewise, is his statement, "My master, I am under your protection. So and so oppressed me! O Shaykh so and so! Help me against him!" End quote.52

I (Abd'ur Rahmân bin Hasan) say: So, ponder upon this statement by Shaykh'ul Islâm. And also look at what occurs of this Shirk upon many tongues. It is enough for us to know what occurred of Shirk and its explanation that Allâhu Taâlâ mentioned -in the stories of the prophets and others- of the Shirk that Allâh prohibited from and informed He does not forgive, and also the inclusion of what occurs from the people under what He mentioned from the Shirk of the previous nations and the Shirk of the Arabs, which Allâh sent His Messenger Muhammad Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallam prohibiting them from.

We only mentioned what we mentioned from the scholars to explain this and explain what occurred of this in the groups of this nation. Thereby, the path of the people of knowledge and faith is clarified, and what the followers of falsehood are attached to and what they distorted from the statements by the people of knowledge is severed. We also mentioned these to explain that what the scholars decided with conclusive arguments and apparent proofs regarding clarifying Tawhîd and what contradicts it from Shirk is the proof.

Ponder upon the statements by Ahl'us Sunnah wa'l Jamâ'ah, for this will make you acquainted with the meanings of the Qur'ân. May Allâh's mercy be upon the Imâms of the Muslims and the predecessors of the Muwahhîdûn.

The highest and most honorable determination is magnifying aspiration regarding what Allâh commanded with of contemplating the Qur'ân, as Allâhu Taâlâ said,

"(This is) a blessed Book which We have revealed to you so that they may contemplate its verses, and people of reason may be mindful." (Sâd, 38/29)

Allâhu Taâlâ also said,

"Then do they not reflect upon the Qur'ân or do they have locks on their hearts? Indeed, those who reverted back (to disbelief) after guidance had become clear to them - shaytân enticed them and prolonged hope for them." (Muhammad, 47/24-25)



50- With similar wording, Mukhtasar Fatâwa'l Misriyyah, Rakâ'iz, 1/338.

51- Concisely from Ibnu Taymiyyah, Daqâiq'ut Tafsîr, 2/358-359; Majmû'ul Fatâwâ, 10/237-240; al-Fatâwa'l Kubrâ, 5/218-220.

52- With similar wording, Mukhtasar Fatâwa'l Misriyyah, Rakâ'iz, 1/339-340.
قَالَ ابْنُ عَقِيل رَحِمَهُ اللهُ: «إذَا أَرَدْت أَنْ تَعْلَمَ مَحَلَّ الْإِسْلَامِ مِنْ أَهْلِ الزَّمَانِ فَلَا تَنْظُرْ إلَى زِحَامِهِمْ فِي أَبْوَابِ الْجَوَامِعِ، وَلَا ‌ضَجِيجِهِمْ فِي الْمَوْقِفِ بِلَبَّيْكَ، وَإِنَّمَا اُنْظُرْ إلَى مُوَاطَأَتِهِمْ ‌أَعْدَاءَ الشَّرِيعَةِ.»
Ibnu Aqîl Rahimahullâh said, "If you want to learn the status of Islâm among contemporary people, then do not look at their crowds at the doors of the mosques and their crying Labbayk at the Mawqif (during Hajj). On the contrary, look at their collusion with the enemies of the Sharî'ah!" (Ibnu Muflih, al-Âdâb'ush Sharî'ah, 1/237)

Mudâfa’at’ut Tawhîd


[Unification of Worship]

So, o the one who advises himself, ponder upon what Allâh has commanded regarding unification of worship, as Allâhu Taâlâ said,

"Say: I am commanded only to worship Allâh and not to ascribe partners to Him. To Him I call and to Him is my return." (ar-Ra'd, 13/36)

He said,

"Sovereignty belongs to none but Allâh. He has commanded that you worship none but Him. That is the upright faith, but most people do not know." (Yûsuf, 12/40)

He also said,

"So direct your face toward the religion, as a Hanîf. (Adhere to) the nature designed by Allâh on which He has created mankind." (ar-Rûm, 30/30)

Up to His statement,

"And do not be among those who associate partners with Allâh, among those who split up their religion and became sects. Each group is happy with what it has before it." (ar-Rûm, 30/31-32)53

Direct one's face (toward the religion) is devotion of worship to Allâh.

The Hanîf is the one who advances towards Allâh and turns away from everything else.

Also ponder upon what the messengers began their call with, mentioned in many chapters of the Qur'ân. Sûrat'ul A'râf reads,

"We had certainly sent Nûh to his people, and he said: O my people, worship Allâh; you have no deity -worthy of worship- except Him. Indeed, I fear for you the punishment of a tremendous Day." (al-A'râf, 7/59)

Allâh said,

"To Âd, We sent their brother Hûd. He said: O my people, worship Allâh; you have no deity -worthy of worship- other than Him. So, will you not fear Allâh?" (al-A'râf, 7/65)

Also ponder upon what they answered him with.

"They said: Have you come to us that we should worship Allâh alone." (al-A'râf, 7/70)

They had recognized their Lord and that He is Allâh, however they rejected to devote worship exclusively to Him. Devoting worship exclusively to Him is the religion of Allâh and the call of the sent messengers. As Allâhu Taâlâ said,

"So worship Allâh making your submission exclusive for. Surely, the religion is for Allâh only." (az-Zumar, 39/2-3)

And Allâhu Taâlâ said,

"Say: Allâh (alone) do I worship, sincere to Him in my religion." (az-Zumar, 39/14)

The preceding of the Ma'mûl means it is Hasr,54 as is in Umm'ul Qur'ân (Sûrat'ul Fâtihah),

"You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help." (al-Fâtihah, 1/4)

Meaning, "We do not worship anyone other than You and we do not ask help from anyone other than You." Also like Allâhu Taâlâ's statement,

"Rather, worship (only) Allâh and be among the grateful." (az-Zumar, 39/66)

What is meant here is that Allâhu Taâlâ clarified this religion, differentiated between the monotheists and polytheists, and made showing enmity to the disbelievers from the requirements of the religion. As Allâhu Taâlâ said,

"As for the disbelievers, they are allies of one another. And unless you (believers) act likewise, there will be great oppression and corruption in the land." (al-Anfâl, 8/73)



53- In these verses, Allâhu Taâlâ said,

"So direct your face toward the religion, inclining to truth. (Adhere to) the nature designed by Allâh on which He has created mankind. No change should there be in the creation of Allâh. That is the correct religion, but most of the people do not know. (Direct your face to the Faith) turning totally towards Him, and fear Him, and establish prayer, and do not be among those who associate partners with Allâh, among those who split up their religion and became sects. Each group is happy with what it has before it." (ar-Rûm 30/30-32)

54- Ma'mûl is the title given to the word that has been processed with I'râb, meaning, the word which has an ending that has changed due to the Arabic grammatical rules. The Ma'mûl mentioned here by the author Rahimahullâh is the Supreme Word, Allâh. Hasr, on the other hand, means restraining and denotes the allocation of the meaning. In other words, since the Ma'mûl is placed at the beginning of the sentence, the sentence is exclusive in meaning. The meaning of this noble verse is "I only worship Allâh, not anyone else."
قَالَ ابْنُ عَقِيل رَحِمَهُ اللهُ: «إذَا أَرَدْت أَنْ تَعْلَمَ مَحَلَّ الْإِسْلَامِ مِنْ أَهْلِ الزَّمَانِ فَلَا تَنْظُرْ إلَى زِحَامِهِمْ فِي أَبْوَابِ الْجَوَامِعِ، وَلَا ‌ضَجِيجِهِمْ فِي الْمَوْقِفِ بِلَبَّيْكَ، وَإِنَّمَا اُنْظُرْ إلَى مُوَاطَأَتِهِمْ ‌أَعْدَاءَ الشَّرِيعَةِ.»
Ibnu Aqîl Rahimahullâh said, "If you want to learn the status of Islâm among contemporary people, then do not look at their crowds at the doors of the mosques and their crying Labbayk at the Mawqif (during Hajj). On the contrary, look at their collusion with the enemies of the Sharî'ah!" (Ibnu Muflih, al-Âdâb'ush Sharî'ah, 1/237)

Mudâfa’at’ut Tawhîd


[The Statement of the Doubter Regarding the Verse al-Hashr 10 and Refuting It]

Then this ignorant doubter made a statement in his document, which we must mention, that was previously answered. He said,

Quote"When a Muslim says,

"Our Lord! Forgive us and our brethren who have preceded us in Faith." (al-Hashr, 59/10)

He means those who preceded him with Faith from the generations of the nation. Even if a person errs in an interpretation he made or says or performs an act of Kufr while he does not know that it contradicts the two testimonies of faith, then he is from a person's brethren who preceded him in Faith.]55

I (Abd'ur Rahmân bin Hasan) say: Look at this collapse, delirium, and inconsistency! Undoubtedly, Kufr negates faith, abolishes it, and causes deeds to be of no avail according to the Book, the Sunnah, and the consensus of the Muslims. Allâhu Taâlâ states,

"And whoever denies the faith - his work has become worthless, and he, in the Hereafter, will be among the losers." (al-Mâ'idah, 5/5)

It will also be said (to him): Every Kâfir has erred. Inevitably, the polytheists also have their interpretations and they believe that their Shirk with the pious is glorifying the pious and that the pious will benefit them and keep evil away from themselves. However, the polytheists are not excused with this error, nor with this interpretation. Rather, Allâhu Taâlâ said,

"And those who take Awliyâ (pl. Walî; saints) besides Him (say): We only worship them that they may bring us near to Allâh. Verily, Allâh will judge between them concerning that wherein they differ. Truly, Allâh does not guide he who is a disbelieving liar." (az-Zumar, 39/3)

[Allâhu Taâlâ said,

"Indeed, they have taken the devils as allies instead of Allâh, and they think that they are guided." (al-A'râf 7/30)]56

Allâhu Taâlâ also said,

"Say: Shall We inform you about the greatest losers in respect of (their) deeds? Those are the ones whose effort in the worldly life has gone in vain, while they think they are doing well." (al-Kahf, 18/103-104)

How can this person's intellect lose sight of these verses and similar verses which are clear? May Allâhu Taâlâ have mercy on them, the scholars followed the path of steadfastness and mentioned the chapter on the rulings of the apostate. However, none of them said that the apostate does not become Kâfir due to his ignorance if he utters Kufr or commits an act of Kufr while not knowing that this contradicts the two testimonies of faith!

Allâhu Taâlâ has clarified in His Book that some polytheists were ignorant blind-followers, however this did not drive away the punishment of Allâh from them due to their ignorance and blind-following, as Allâhu Taâlâ said,

"And of the people is he who disputes about Allâh without knowledge and follows every rebellious devil." (al-Hajj, 22/3)

Until His statement,

"...the punishment of the Fire." (al-Hajj, 22/4)57

Then Allâhu Taâlâ mentioned the second category who are the innovators via His statement,

"And among men is he who disputes about Allâh, without knowledge or guidance, or an enlightening Book." (al-Hajj, 22/8)

So Allâh stripped them from having knowledge and guidance.

However, alongside this, most people were deceived by them due to their doubts and imaginations, so they themselves were misguided and they misguided others. As Allâhu Taâlâ says at the end of the chapter (al-Hajj),

"And they worship besides Allâh that for which He has not sent down authority and that of which they have no knowledge. The wrongdoers will have no helper." (al-Hajj, 22/71)

This rank was reported in the afore-mentioned statements by Allâmah Ibn'ul Qayyim and the statements by Shaykh'ul Islâm.



55- The addition in brackets is found in ad-Durar'us Saniyyah.

56- The verse in brackets is found in ad-Durar'us Saniyyah.

57- Allâhu Taâlâ says in these verses,

"And of the people is he who disputes about Allâh without knowledge and follows every rebellious devil. It is destined that whosoever befriends him, he will mislead him, and will drive him to the punishment of the Fire." (al-Hajj 22/3-4)
قَالَ ابْنُ عَقِيل رَحِمَهُ اللهُ: «إذَا أَرَدْت أَنْ تَعْلَمَ مَحَلَّ الْإِسْلَامِ مِنْ أَهْلِ الزَّمَانِ فَلَا تَنْظُرْ إلَى زِحَامِهِمْ فِي أَبْوَابِ الْجَوَامِعِ، وَلَا ‌ضَجِيجِهِمْ فِي الْمَوْقِفِ بِلَبَّيْكَ، وَإِنَّمَا اُنْظُرْ إلَى مُوَاطَأَتِهِمْ ‌أَعْدَاءَ الشَّرِيعَةِ.»
Ibnu Aqîl Rahimahullâh said, "If you want to learn the status of Islâm among contemporary people, then do not look at their crowds at the doors of the mosques and their crying Labbayk at the Mawqif (during Hajj). On the contrary, look at their collusion with the enemies of the Sharî'ah!" (Ibnu Muflih, al-Âdâb'ush Sharî'ah, 1/237)

Mudâfa’at’ut Tawhîd


[Statements by Ibn'ul Qayyim Rahimahullâh Regarding Those Who Commit Kufr Due to Ignorance]

Allâmah Ibn'ul Qayyim Rahimahullâhu Taâlâ also said regarding the ranks of the people from this nation and other nations, "The Seventeenth Rank: The rank of the blind-following and ignorant Kuffâr, their followers, and their donkeys who follow them. They say, "We found our fathers upon a religion and we follow their example."58

Ibn'ul Qayyim said, "The Ummah has agreed that this rank is Kuffâr even though they are ignorant people who blind follow their chiefs and leaders. However, related from one of the Ahl'ul Bid'ah that he did not rule that these people would enter the Hell-fire and that he evaluated them in the state of those whom the Da'wah (call) had not reached. This view was not stated by anyone from amongst the Imâms of the Muslims, the Sahâbah, the Tâbi'ûn, and those who came after them.

It was authentically narrated from the Nabî Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallam that he stated,

"Every child is born upon the Fitrah, and thereafter, his parents convert him to Judaism, Christianity, or Zoroastrianism..."59

So, the Hadîth informs that it is the parents who converts him from the Fitrah (Islâm) to Judaism, Christianity, or Zoroastrianism and the only thing taken in consideration with this regard is receiving education and being raised upon the religion of the parents. It was also authentically narrated from the Nabî Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallam that he said,

"Verily, no one will enter Paradise but a Muslim soul."60

This blind-follower is not a Muslim; he is a possessor of intellect who is legally responsible. And the possessor of intellect is limited to be in the fold of Islâm or Kufr (there is no third option for this)."61

Ibn'ul Qayyim said, "Islâm is actualizing Tawhîd of Allâh, worshipping Him Who is One and has no partners, believing in His Messenger and following what the Messenger brought. The slave is not a Muslim so long as he does not actualize these. If this individual is not a stubborn Kâfir, he is an ignorant Kâfir. The individuals of this rank -at the most- are evaluated as ignorant Kuffâr who are not stubborn. The fact that these people are not stubborn does not exempt them from being Kuffâr. For verily, the Kâfir is one who denies the Tawhîd of Allâhu Taâlâ and denies His Messenger due to stubbornness or ignorance and blind-following the people of stubbornness.

Allâhu Taâlâ informed the punishment of the blind-followers of their predecessors from the Kuffâr in many places of the Qur'ân and that those who followed them will dispute with the ones they followed in the Hell-fire. Allâh informed us that those who follow will say,

"Our Lord, they misguided us; so, give them a double punishment of the Fire! He will say: For each there is a double, but you do not know." (al-A'râf, 7/38)"

The statement of Ibn'ul Qayyim in brief has ended.62 There are many verses akin to this one in the Qur'ân. All praise is for Allâh due to His excellent clarification.

The clear verses denote the disbelief of those who associate partners unto Allâh in His worship. Allâhu Taâlâ states,

"And when adversity touches man, he calls upon his Lord (Allâh Alone), turning to Him in penitence, but when He bestows a favour upon him from Himself, he forgets that for which he called upon before, and he sets up rivals to Allâh, in order to mislead others from His Path. Say: Take pleasure in your disbelief for a while: surely, you are (one) of the dwellers of the Fire!" (az-Zumar, 39/8)

The aforementioned verse has many akin verses to it, such as the statement of Allâhu Taâlâ,

"They will say: Where are those you used to invoke besides Allâh? They will say: They have departed from us. And they will bear witness against themselves that they were disbelievers." (al-A'râf, 7/37)

In this verse, it is clarified that most of their Shirk is regarding Du'â and that this is denying Allâh. The person whom Allâh has blinded his insight from pondering upon the Book of Allâh and the Sunnah of His Messenger Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallam is not taken into consideration.

This ignorant person claims to have narrated from "Minhâj'us Sunnah" by Shaykh'ul Islâm. You have already understood his corrupt intent in this action, him placing the phrases where they do not belong, and with these phrases, addressing those whom these phrases do not address.

These are the words by Shaykh'ul Islâm found in al-Minhâj (Minhâj'us Sunnah). They are in agreement with what we previously mentioned in this response.



58- Ibn'ul Qayyim, Tarîk'ul Hijratayn, the seventeenth rank, p. 411.

59- With similar wording in al-Bukhârî, Hadîth no: 1385.

60- With similar wording in al-Bukhârî, Hadîth no: 6528; Muslim, Hadîth no: 221.

61- Ibn'ul Qayyim, Tarîk'ul Hijratayn, the seventeenth rank, p. 411.

62- Ibn'ul Qayyim, Tarîk'ul Hijratayn, the seventeenth rank, p. 411-412.
قَالَ ابْنُ عَقِيل رَحِمَهُ اللهُ: «إذَا أَرَدْت أَنْ تَعْلَمَ مَحَلَّ الْإِسْلَامِ مِنْ أَهْلِ الزَّمَانِ فَلَا تَنْظُرْ إلَى زِحَامِهِمْ فِي أَبْوَابِ الْجَوَامِعِ، وَلَا ‌ضَجِيجِهِمْ فِي الْمَوْقِفِ بِلَبَّيْكَ، وَإِنَّمَا اُنْظُرْ إلَى مُوَاطَأَتِهِمْ ‌أَعْدَاءَ الشَّرِيعَةِ.»
Ibnu Aqîl Rahimahullâh said, "If you want to learn the status of Islâm among contemporary people, then do not look at their crowds at the doors of the mosques and their crying Labbayk at the Mawqif (during Hajj). On the contrary, look at their collusion with the enemies of the Sharî'ah!" (Ibnu Muflih, al-Âdâb'ush Sharî'ah, 1/237)

Mudâfa’at’ut Tawhîd


[Statements by Ibnu Taymiyyah Rahimahullâh Regarding Those Who Commit Kufr Due to Ignorance]

Shaykh'ul Islâm Rahimahullâhu Taâlâ said, "The people who are most known with apostasy are the opponents of Abû Bakr as-Siddîq Radiyallâhu Anh and his followers, like Musaylamah the liar and his followers and others.

The extremists whom Alî Radiyallâhu Anh burnt when they claimed that Alî Radiyallâhu Anh possessed Ilâhiyyah and the followers of Abdullâh bin Saba, the Saba'iyyah who manifested reviling of Abû Bakr and Umar are from those who are the most distinct in apostasy amongst men.

Among those who converted to Islâm, the first person to manifest the claim of prophethood was al-Mukhtâr bin Abî Ubayd. He was from the Shî'ah. So it is known from this that those who are the gravest in apostasy are more from the Shiites than the other groups. This is why, no one is known to have eviler apostasy than the apostates of the extremists, such as the Nusayrî's, the Bâtinî Ismâilî's, and their likes." End quote.63

It is well known that many of these are ignorant people who think that they are upon the truth. However, Shaykh'ul Islâm ruled with the evilness of their apostasy.

Shaykh'ul Islâm also said, "The most famous person for fighting against the apostates is Abû Bakr as-Siddîq Radiyallâhu Anh. Therefore, the most apostates are found in those who show hostility to Abû Bakr." End quote.64

Al-Bukhârî and Muslim have recorded in their Sahîh's from Abû Hurayrah Radiyallâhu Anh that the Messenger of Allâh Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallam said,

"A group from my companions -or he said: my nation- will be sent back and thus will leave the Hawdh. So I will say: My Companions! My Companions! It will be said: You have no knowledge of what they produced after you! They have apostated turning back on their heels!"65 A narration reads, "So they will leave."66

Al-Bukhârî also narrated that Rasûlullâh Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallam said, "While I was standing in front of the Hawdh, all of a sudden, a group arrived. When I recognized them, a man came out between me and them and said (to them), "Come along." I asked, "Where are they going?" He said, "By Allâh, to the (Hell) Fire!" I said, "What is the matter with them?" He said, "After you, they have apostated turning back on their heels!" Then behold! Another group arrived. When I recognized them, a man came out between me and them and said (to them), "Come along." I asked, "Where are they going?" He said, "By Allâh, to the (Hell) Fire!" I said, "What is the matter with them?" He said, "They have apostated turning back!" So I did not see anyone of them escaping except a few who were like camels set free."67

I (Abd'ur Rahmân bin Hasan) say: These Ahâdîth indicate that some who lived in the best centuries of this nation have apostated from Islâm. Shaykh'ul Islâm has mentioned that this occurred in some groups and he clarified this in Minhâj'us Sunnah and other books.

In the books of the scholars and in the books of Islâmic history, the affairs, views, and disbelief of these groups have been mentioned in length. This, in turn, is not hidden from anyone except those who are from the most ignorant with regards to knowledge and the scholars, such as this stupid ignorant who has acquired enmity towards Tawhîd from his Shaykhs.

How much does this person's state resemble those whom Allâhu Taâlâ stated with regards to,

"And when it is said to them: Come to what Allâh has revealed and to the Messenger, they say: Sufficient for us is that upon which we found our fathers." (al-Mâ'idah, 5/104)

And the statement by Allâhu Taâlâ,

"But among people there are those who disputes about Allâh with no knowledge, no guidance and no book to enlighten. And when it is said to them: Follow what Allâh has revealed, they say: Rather, we will follow that upon which we found our fathers. Is it so, even if Satan was inviting them to the punishment of the Blaze?" (Luqmân, 31/20-21)

In reality, these are the adversaries of Shaykh'ul Islâm and his brothers from amongst the luminary scholars and the noble predecessor Imâms. As you have recognized this from what was presented to you from the clarification of this Imâm. How much does this idiot resemble Ibn'ul Bakrî! When Ibn'ul Bakrî opposed Shaykh'ul Islâm with regards to what he criticized Ibn'ul Bakrî of seeking aid from other than Allâh, Ibn'ul Bakrî began refuting Shaykh'ul Islâm from his book as-Sârim'ul Maslûl.

Shaykh'ul Islâm said, "He put an end to its," meaning his book as-Sârim's "magnificence."68 The one who has insight knows that our enemies in this religion are the enemies of the Imâm's of the Muslims as well. This is because we do not deviate from the issues they have concurred upon, nor do we oppose them in issues which they have agreed upon. We ask Allâh for steadfastness upon Islâm and Îmân.

You have recognized that we are not in the realm of debating what he said and what he narrated. However, while mentioning the Ahâdîth regarding the Khawârij, he mentioned the famous Hadîth regarding their qualities, which reads as follows, "They kill the people of Îmân, but spare the people of the idols."69

This is the state of this man! He strives to show hostility to the people of Tawhîd, which is the essence and most important part of Îmân, and he allies those who worship the idols. For verily, the Khawârij abandoned those who worshipped those idols, whereas he aided and defended them and attempted to include them within the scope of the people of Îmân, even though they committed the sin that Allâh does not forgive.

Whereas, it was previously mentioned that Allâh has declared Takfîr upon the idol worshippers and has made them the people of the fire per ce. We seek refuge in Allâh from the fire and its actions.



63- With similar wording, Ibnu Taymiyyah, Minhâj'us Sunnah, 3/458-459.

64- With similar wording, Ibnu Taymiyyah, Minhâj'us Sunnah, 3/459.

65- Al-Bukhârî, Hadîth no. 6213; with similar wording in Muslim, Hadîth no. 2297, 2860.

66- Al-Bukhârî, Hadîth no. 6586.

67- With similar wording in al-Bukhârî, Hadîth no. 6587.

68- Ibnu Taymiyyah, al-Istighâthah fi'r Raddi ala'l Bakrî, p. 393.

69- With similar wording in al-Bukhârî, Hadîth no. 3334, 7432; Muslim, Hadîth no. 1064.
قَالَ ابْنُ عَقِيل رَحِمَهُ اللهُ: «إذَا أَرَدْت أَنْ تَعْلَمَ مَحَلَّ الْإِسْلَامِ مِنْ أَهْلِ الزَّمَانِ فَلَا تَنْظُرْ إلَى زِحَامِهِمْ فِي أَبْوَابِ الْجَوَامِعِ، وَلَا ‌ضَجِيجِهِمْ فِي الْمَوْقِفِ بِلَبَّيْكَ، وَإِنَّمَا اُنْظُرْ إلَى مُوَاطَأَتِهِمْ ‌أَعْدَاءَ الشَّرِيعَةِ.»
Ibnu Aqîl Rahimahullâh said, "If you want to learn the status of Islâm among contemporary people, then do not look at their crowds at the doors of the mosques and their crying Labbayk at the Mawqif (during Hajj). On the contrary, look at their collusion with the enemies of the Sharî'ah!" (Ibnu Muflih, al-Âdâb'ush Sharî'ah, 1/237)

Mudâfa’at’ut Tawhîd


[Clear Statements by Ibnu Taymiyyah Rahimahullâh Illustrating this Rank]

Know that a befitting clarifying statement by Shaykh'ul Islâm is included in al-Fatâwa'l Misriyyah. Through this statement by Shaykh'ul Islâm, this rank increases in apparency and the Muwahhid increases in their joy.

Shaykh'ul Islâm Rahimahullâh said, "Ilah is the one, which the hearts deify with complete love, glorification, respect, honour, aspiration, and fear."70

Shaykh'ul Islâm said, "Whoever says, "There must be an intermediary between us and Allâh," if he means by this that there must be an intermediary that preaches Allâh's commandments and prohibitions to him, then this is the truth. People must have a Messenger who preaches from Allâh; His commandments and prohibitions, and teaches them the religion that Allâh has sent the messenger with. This is one of the things that the people of all sects have concurred upon. Whoever denies this is a Kâfir by way of consensus.

However, if what he meant by intermediary is that it is necessary to have an intermediary regarding bringing forth benefits and dispelling harm, giving sustenance to the servants and guiding them, then this is Shirk. Allâh declared Takfîr upon the polytheists with this when they took on intercessors and saints besides Allâh whom they ask to bring forth benefits. Therefore, whoever makes the angels their lords and intermediaries whom they invoke, rely upon, and asks to be relieved from distress, then he is a Kâfir by way of consensus of the Muslims.

Whoever makes the Shaykhs from the people of knowledge and religion intermediaries whom teach him and follows them, then he has done what is correct. The scholars are the heirs of the prophets. The words of every person is accepted and rejected, except for the Messenger of Allâh Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallam.

However, if he places them as intermediaries in the sense of the chamberlain between the king and the subjects by which they are those who raise the needs of His creation to Allâh, then this is Shirk and Kufr." End quote.71



70- Mukhtasar Fatâwa'l Misriyyah, Rakâ'iz, 1/415.

71- Mukhtasar Fatâwâ'l Misriyyah, Rakâ'iz, 1/412-413.
قَالَ ابْنُ عَقِيل رَحِمَهُ اللهُ: «إذَا أَرَدْت أَنْ تَعْلَمَ مَحَلَّ الْإِسْلَامِ مِنْ أَهْلِ الزَّمَانِ فَلَا تَنْظُرْ إلَى زِحَامِهِمْ فِي أَبْوَابِ الْجَوَامِعِ، وَلَا ‌ضَجِيجِهِمْ فِي الْمَوْقِفِ بِلَبَّيْكَ، وَإِنَّمَا اُنْظُرْ إلَى مُوَاطَأَتِهِمْ ‌أَعْدَاءَ الشَّرِيعَةِ.»
Ibnu Aqîl Rahimahullâh said, "If you want to learn the status of Islâm among contemporary people, then do not look at their crowds at the doors of the mosques and their crying Labbayk at the Mawqif (during Hajj). On the contrary, look at their collusion with the enemies of the Sharî'ah!" (Ibnu Muflih, al-Âdâb'ush Sharî'ah, 1/237)

Mudâfa’at’ut Tawhîd


[The Shirk which Occurred in the End Times of this Nation and Doubts Raised by Polytheists]

Whoever wants to know the Shirk that occurred in the end times of this nation and the doubts raised by the polytheists, then he should read:

1.    The book al-Ighâthah by Allâmah Ibn'ul Qayyim.72

2.    The book al-Istighâthah by Shaykh'ul Islâm, may Allâh have mercy upon Ibnu Taymiyyah and Ibn'ul Qayyim, in refutation of Ibn'ul Bakrî.73

3.    The book Refuting Ibn'ul Akhnâ'î (also by Shaykh'ul Islâm).74

In these books, there is clarification of Tawhîd and what negates it of Shirk, which will help the person with insight comprehend the word of Allâh and His Messenger Sallallâhu Alayhi wa Sallam and the reality of the religion which Allâh sent His Messenger with.

Shaykh Muhammad bin Ismâ'îl as-San'ânî alluded to this in his poem that he sent to our Shaykh Muhammad bin Abd'il Wahhâb Rahimahullâhu Taâlâ. He mentioned therein what became widespread and overflew from Major Shirk. As-San'ânî said,

"News reports that Muhammad bin Abd'il Wahhâb,
Brings back to us the noble Sharî'ah through what he manifests.
He publicly propagates that which is concealed by every ignorant,
And every innovator from the Sharî'ah; he is in agreement with what is with me.
He erects the pillars of the Sharî'ah while demolishing,
The Mashhad's (tomb shrines) regarding which the people deviated from guidance.
They restored with the Mashhad's the concept of Suwâ and its likes,
Yaghûth and Wadd,75 what an evil affection!
They call upon them by their names at times of hardship,
Just as the distressed calls upon the Eternal absolute, the One.
How many animals have they slaughtered in their courtyard,
Which have been intentionally and openly slaughtered to other than Allâh!
How many people are there around the graves who kiss them,
And wipe its pillars with their hands!"
76

Allâmah Abû Bakr Ibnu Ghannâm -exceptional in his era which is the beginning of the thirteenth century, with the knowledge of the reason and transmission, poetry and composition- said in a poem from odes,

"The souls of the creation, except for a little, lean,
To misguidance, and not found are those who yearn for Dîn!
So ask your Lord for steadfastness o Muwahhid,
For you are on magnanimity, you are the one to manifest its certainty!
Other than you walks through the wilderness of misguidance,
And they do not have anything other than the graves which they take as religion!"
77

If we pursue the statements by the scholars with regards to what occurred in this nation of Major Shirk, from worshipping graves, trees, planets, stones, and other things, the response would be extensive. This is something that is not hidden to those who possess insight, intellect, and sound mind. O he who advises his own soul, contemplate upon this issue!



72- The name of this work authored by Ibn'ul Qayyim Rahimahullâh is Ighâthat'ul Luhafân fî Masâyid'ish Shaytân. It was published in English with the title: Supporting the Distressed Against the Tricks of Satan.

73- The name of this work authored by Ibnu Taymiyyah Rahimahullâh is al-Istighâthah fi'r Raddi ala'l Bakrî.

74- The name of this work authored by Ibnu Taymiyyah Rahimahullâh is al-Ikhnâ'iyyah or ar-Raddu ala'l Ikhnâ'î.

75- Suwâ, Yaghûth, and Wadd are names of idols worshipped by the people of Nûh. (Refer to Sûrah Nûh, 71/23)

76- As-San'ânî, Dîwân, p. 129; Ibnu Ghannâm, Rawdhat'ul Afkâr [Târîkh Ibnu Ghannâm], Dâr'uth Thulûthiyyah, 1/242; Ibnu Bishr, Unwân'ul Majd [Târîkh Ibnu Bishr], p. 110.

77- Ibnu Ghannâm, Rawdhat'ul Afkâr [Târîkh Ibnu Ghannâm], Dâr'uth Thulûthiyyah, 2/776.
قَالَ ابْنُ عَقِيل رَحِمَهُ اللهُ: «إذَا أَرَدْت أَنْ تَعْلَمَ مَحَلَّ الْإِسْلَامِ مِنْ أَهْلِ الزَّمَانِ فَلَا تَنْظُرْ إلَى زِحَامِهِمْ فِي أَبْوَابِ الْجَوَامِعِ، وَلَا ‌ضَجِيجِهِمْ فِي الْمَوْقِفِ بِلَبَّيْكَ، وَإِنَّمَا اُنْظُرْ إلَى مُوَاطَأَتِهِمْ ‌أَعْدَاءَ الشَّرِيعَةِ.»
Ibnu Aqîl Rahimahullâh said, "If you want to learn the status of Islâm among contemporary people, then do not look at their crowds at the doors of the mosques and their crying Labbayk at the Mawqif (during Hajj). On the contrary, look at their collusion with the enemies of the Sharî'ah!" (Ibnu Muflih, al-Âdâb'ush Sharî'ah, 1/237)

🡱 🡳

Similar topics (5)