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Debate Concerning Kalimah at-Tawhid
« on: 06.06.2015, 12:03:08 AM »


Debate Concerning Kalimah at-Tawhid

Shaykh Muhammad ibn Abd'il Wahhab (rahimahullah)

A Debate Concerning (The Impossibility of) ‎Kalimah at-Tawhid; Tawhid and Shirk Being ‎Together

This Risalah (pamphlet) covers (in summary) the debate between Muhammad ‎ibn Abdil Wahhab (rahimahullah) and some people amongst the People of ‎the Huraymilah concerning the issue of Kalimah at-Tawhid, Tawhid and ‎Shirk being together.‎

Muhammad ibn Abdil Wahhab (rahimahullah) said the following to them:‎

We asked all of those who came to us from amongst the knowledgeable ones or other than ‎them regarding La Ilaha Illallh. We have not come across ‎that in their presence, this (Kalimah) is nothing but a statement which has no ‎meaning. According to them, its meaning is solely the Lafdh (utterance), and that whoever utters it is Muslim. Sometimes, they said that it has a meaning, however, its meaning (according to them) is that Allh has no partner in His Mulk (possession).

We say: La Ilaha Illallh is not (something which is to be uttered) solely with ‎the tongue, and when a Muslim utters it, it is a condition that his heart ‎comprehends its meaning. This is what the Rusul (Messengers) came for. The Rusul ‎had not (only) come with the (issue of) Mulk (belonging to Allah). I am going to ‎elucidate the issue of Tawhid and Shirk inshaAllah.‎


()‎

You know the Mashad (literally place of martyrdom) which had Qubbah ‎‎(dome) on it. A group of people pray Dhuhr there and then stand and turn to ‎the grave; and (with this) they turn their back to the Qabah. (While taking ‎the grave as a Qiblah) they offer two Rakat for Ali (radiyallahu anh). Their ‎prayer which they offer to Allah is Tawhid and the prayer that offered to ‎Ali (radiyallahu anh) is Shirk. (I asked them) do you comprehend this?

They ‎said: Yes we do. The one who offers prayer to Allah and to other than Him ‎becomes Mushrik.‎

Allah has right over his slave on his body and possession. Salat (supplication) ‎is the Zakah of the body. Zakah on possession is right of (Allah) Subhanahu ‎wa Taala. If you pay Zakah for (the sake of) Allah (Azza wa Jalla) then ‎change it and pay it to the shrine then your Zakah for Allah is Tawhid and ‎Zakah for the creation is Shirk.‎

In the same manner shedding blood if it was slaughtered for Allah then it ‎is Tawhid. If it was slaughtered for other than Him then it is Shirk. As Allah ‎Taala commanded:‎


‎{قُلْ إِنَّ صَلاتِي وَنُسُكِي وَمَحْيَايَ وَمَمَاتِي لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ لا شَرِيكَ لَهُ}‎

"Say (O Muhammad): Verily, my Salat (prayer), my Nusuk (sacrifice), my life, ‎and my death are for Allah, the Lord of the Alamin (mankind, Jinns and all ‎that exists). He has no partner." (al-Anam 6/162-163)

(The word) Nusuk ‎‎(mentioned in the Ayah) is sacrificing.

In the same manner Tawakkul (trust, relying upon) which is a type of ‎worship  If you have Tawakkul in Allah then it is Tawhid. If you have ‎Tawakkul to the owner of the shrine then it is Shirk. Allah Taala ‎commanded:‎


‎{فَاعْبُدْهُ وَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَيْهِ}‎

"So worship Him and put your trust in Him." (Huud 11/123)‎

When it comes to the Du'a (supplication) which is the greatest of these, do ‎you understand that it is mentioned (in the Hadith):


الدُّعَاءُ هُوَ الْعِبَادَةُ

"Du'a is the (core and) essence of Ibadaah (worship)" (Tirmidhi; Ahmad, ‎Musnad)?

They said: Yes!..

Allah Taala commanded:‎


‎{وَأَنَّ الْمَسَاجِدَ لِلَّهِ فَلا تَدْعُو مَعَ اللَّهِ أَحَداً}‎

"And the Masajid (places of worship) are for Allah (alone): So invoke not any ‎one along with Allah." (Jinn 72/18)

Do you comprehend that those who make Du'a here to Allah, (and also) to ‎Zubayr; make Du'a to Allah, (and also) to Abd'ul Qadir are Mukhlis (sincere) ‎when they make Du'a to Allah and are Mushrik when they make Du'a to other ‎than Him? Do you understand this?

They said: Yes!..‎

Shakyh Muhammad ibn Abdil Wahhab (rahimahullah) said: So if you ‎comprehend this matter, this is the issue between the people and us.‎

If people say: They (Mushrikin) worship the idols, they make Du'a to them ‎and asking from them. We are sinner slaves; they are Salihin (righteous). We ‎are seeking Wasilah (means) with their status.‎

Then tell them: Isa (alayhi salam) was Nabi (prophet) of Allah and his mother ‎‎(Maryam) was amongst the Salihin (righteous). Likewise Uzayr was amongst ‎the Salihin (righteous), likewise the angels. Concerning those who make Du'a ‎to them, Allah informed us that they did not ask for anything from them, ‎they solely asked for Shafaah (intercession) and Qurbiyyah (intimacy) due to ‎their situation.

Read them the following statement of Allah Taala concerning the Malaikah (angels):


‎{وَيَوْمَ يَحْشُرُهُمْ جَمِيعاً ثُمَّ يَقُولُ لِلْمَلائِكَةِ}

"On the Day He will gather them all together, and say to the angels: Was it ‎you that these men used to worship?" (Saba 34/40)‎

(Allah) stated the following concerning the prophets:


‎{يَا أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ لا تَغْلُوا فِي دِينِكُمْ}

"O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Do not exceed the limits in ‎your religion!.." (an-Nisa 4/171)‎

(Allah) stated the following concerning the Salihin (righteous):‎


‎{قُلِ ادْعُوا الَّذِينَ زَعَمْتُمْ مِنْ دُونِهِ}‎

"Say (O Muhammad): Call unto those besides Him whom you pretend (to be ‎gods)!.." (al-Isra 17/56)‎

Nabi (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) did not differentiate between them (and ‎fought with all of them).‎
Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said:

إِنَّ النَّاسَ دَخَلُوا فِي دِينِ اللهِ أَفْوَاجًا، وَسَيَخْرُجُونَ مِنْهُ أَفْوَاجًا

"Verily, the people have entered into the religion of Allah in crowds and they will also leave it in crowds." (Ahmad, Musnad)

 

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