دار التوحيد Dr'ul Tawhd

Author Topic: THE FOUNDATION OF COMPREHENSIVE WORSHIP TO ALLH ALONE | IBNU ABDIL WAHHB  (Read 1305 times)

Ummah

  • Global Moderator
  • Sr. Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 497
  • O people! Respond (with obedience) to Allah's Call



اَلْأَصْلُ الْجَامِعُ لِعِبَادَةِ اللهِ وَحْدَهُ

THE FOUNDATION OF COMPREHENSIVE WORSHIP TO ALLH ALONE

Shaykhul Islm Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhb Rahimahullh






Shaykhul Islm Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhb Rahimahullh said,

If it is said, What is the greatest of commands Allh commanded with? it is said,

It is unifying Allhu Tal in Ibdah (directing Ibdah only to Him), as explained above. And the greatest prohibition which Allhu Tal prohibited from is Shirk (associating partners) to Him. And Shirk is, calling upon (worshipping) others alongside Allhu Tal or directing other than this (Ibdah) from the types of Ibdah to other than Him Tal. Whoever directs anything from the types of the Ibdah to other than Allhu Tal has taken it (the thing that he directed his Ibdah to) as a Rabb and an Ilah (other than Allh) has associated another as a partner with Allh.




اَلْأَصْلُ الْجَامِعُ لِعِبَادَةِ اللهِ وَحْدَهُ

THE FOUNDATION OF COMPREHENSIVE WORSHIP TO ALLH ALONE

Shaykhul Islm Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhb Rahimahullh

In the name of Allh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

If it is said, What is the foundation of comprehensive worship to Allh alone? I would have said, Obeying Allhu Tal through abiding by His commands and refraining from what He has forbidden.

If it is said, What are the types of Ibdah (worship) which are not allowed to be directed to any other besides Allh? I would have said,

Amongst the types of Ibdah which are specific to al-Ilhiyyah (Divinity) are: ad-Du (supplication/worship), al-Istinah (seeking aid), al-Istighthah (seeking rescue), Dhabhul Qurbn (sacrificing an animal), an-Nadhr (vowing), al-Khawf (fear), ar-Raj (hope), at-Tawakkul (reliance), al-Inbah (penitence), al-Mahabbah (love), al-Khashyah (awe), ar-Raghbah (aspiration), ar-Rahbah (apprehensive fear), at-Taalluh (exaltation, deification), ar-Ruk (bowing), as-Sujd (prostration), al-Khush (submissive humility), at-Tadhallul (submissiveness), and at-Tadhm (glorification).

The evidence for ad-Du (supplication, being a type of Ibdah) is His Tals statement,

﴿وَأَنَّ الْمَسَاجِدَ لِلّٰهِ فَلاَ تَدْعُوا مَعَ اللّٰهِ أَحَدًا.﴾ [الجن:18]
And the Masjid (pl. Masjid; places of worship) are only for Allh, so pray (invoke/worship) not unto anyone along with Allh. (al-Jinn 72/18)

And His Tals statement,

﴿لَهُ دَعْوَةُ الْحَقِّ وَالَّذِينَ يَدْعُونَ مِنْ دُونِهِ لاَ يَسْتَجِيبُونَ لَهُمْ بِشَيْءٍ.﴾ [الرعد: 14]
For Him (alone) is the supplication of truth. And those whom they invoke can never respond to them in any way (ar-Rad 13/14)

Until His Tals statement,


﴿وَمَا دُعَاءُ الْكَافِرِينَ إِلاَّ فِي ضَلاَلٍ.﴾ [الرعد: 14]
And the invocation of the disbelievers are only in vain. (ar-Rad 13/14)[1]

The evidence for al-Istinah (seeking aid, being a type of Ibdah) is the statement of Allhu Tal,

﴿إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ.﴾ [الفاتحة: 4]
You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help. (al-Ftihah 1/4)

The evidence for al-Istighthah (seeking rescue, being a type of Ibdah) is the statement Allhu Tal,

﴿إِذْ تَسْتَغِيثُونَ رَبَّكُمْ فَاسْتَجَابَ لَكُمْ.﴾ [الأنفال: 9]
(Remember,) when you sought help from your Lord, and He answered you (al-Anfl 8/9)

The evidence for ad-Dhabh (sacrifice, being a type of Ibdah) is the statement Allhu Tal,

﴿قُلْ إِنَّ صَلاَتِي وَنُسُكِي وَمَحْيَايَ وَمَمَاتِي لِلّٰهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ. لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ وَبِذٰلِكَ أُمِرْتُ وَأَنَا أَوَّلُ الْمُسْلِمِينَ.﴾ [الأنعام: 162-163]
Say: Truly, my prayer, my sacrifice, my life and my death are (all) for Allh, the Lord of the lamn (Cherisher of the Worlds i.e. mankind, Jinns and all that exists). He has no partner. And of this I have been commanded, and I am the first of the Muslims. (al-Anm 6/162-163)

The evidence for an-Nadhr (vowing, being a type of Ibdah) is the statement Allhu Tal,

﴿يُوفُونَ بِالنَّذْرِ وَيَخَافُونَ يَوْمًا كَانَ شَرُّهُ مُسْتَطِيرًا.﴾ [الإنسان: 7]
They (are those who) fulfill (their) vows, and they fear a Day whose evil will be widespread. (al-Insn 76/7)

The evidence for al-Khawf (fear, being a type of Ibdah) is the statement Allhu Tal,

﴿إِنَّمَا ذٰلِكُمُ الشَّيْطَانُ يُخَوِّفُ أَوْلِيَاءَهُ فَلاَ تَخَافُوهُمْ وَخَافُونِ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ مُؤْمِنِينَ.﴾ [آل عمران: 175]
That is only shaytn (satan) who frightens (you) of his supporters. So fear them not, but fear Me, if you are (truly) believers. (l-i Imrn 3/175)

The evidence for ar-Raj (hope, being a type of Ibdah) is the statement Allhu Tal,


﴿فَمَنْ كَانَ يَرْجُوا لِقَاءَ رَبِّهِ فَلْيَعْمَلْ عَمَلاً صَالِحًا وَلاَ يُشْرِكْ بِعِبَادَةِ رَبِّهِ أَحَدًا.﴾ [الكهف: 110]
So whoever hopes for the Meeting with his Lord, let him work righteousness and associate none as a partner in the worship of his Lord. (al-Kahf 18/110)

The evidence for at-Tawakkul (reliance, being a type of Ibdah) is the statement Allhu Tal,

﴿وَعَلَى اللّٰهِ فَتَوَكَّلُوا إِنْ كُنْتُمْ مُؤْمِنِينَ.﴾ [المائدة: 23]
and put your trust in Allh if you are indeed believers. (al-Midah 5/23)

The evidence for al-Inbah (penitence, being a type of Ibdah) is the statement Allhu Tal,

﴿وَأَنِيبُوا إِلَى رَبِّكُمْ وَأَسْلِمُوا لَهُ.﴾ [الزمر: 54]
And return in penitence to your Lord and submit to Him (az-Zumar 39/54)

The evidence for al-Mahabbah (love, being a type of Ibdah) is the statement Allhu Tal,

﴿وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَنْ يَتَّخِذُ مِنْ دُونِ اللّٰهِ أَنْدَادًا يُحِبُّونَهُمْ كَحُبِّ اللّٰهِ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَشَدُّ حُبًّا لِلّٰهِ.﴾ [البقرة: 165]
And of mankind are some who take (for worship) others besides Allah as Andd (pl. Nidd; rivals, equals, partners to Allh), they love them as they love Allh. But those who believe, love Allh more (than anything else) (al-Baqarah 2/165)

The evidence for al-Khashyah (awe, being a type of Ibdah) is the statement Allhu Tal,

﴿فَلاَ تَخْشَوُا النَّاسَ وَاخْشَوْنِ.﴾ [المائدة: 44]
So do not have awe of the people but have awe of Me! (al-Midah 5/44)

The evidence for ar-Raghbah (aspiration) and ar-Rahbah (apprehensive fear, being types of Ibdah) is the statement Allhu Tal,


﴿إِنَّهُمْ كَانُوا يُسَارِعُونَ فِي الْخَيْرَاتِ وَيَدْعُونَنَا رَغَبًا وَرَهَبًا وَكَانُوا لَنَا خَاشِعِينَ.﴾ [الأنبياء: 90]
Verily, they used to hasten to good deeds and supplicate Us in aspiration and apprehensive fear, and they were to Us humbly submissive. (al-Anbiy 21/90)

The evidence for at-Taalluh (exaltation, deification, being a type of Ibdah) is the statement Allhu Tal,

﴿وَإِلٰهُكُمْ إِلٰهٌ وَاحِدٌ لاَ إِلٰهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ الرَّحْمٰنُ الرَّحِيمُ.﴾ [البقرة: 163]
And your Ilh (deity) is One Ilh (i.e. Allh). L ilha ill Huwa (there is no true- deity -worthy of worship- except He), ar-Rahmn (the Most Gracious), ar-Rahm (the Most Merciful). (al-Baqarah 2/163)

The evidence for ar-Ruk (bowing) and as-Sujd (prostration, being types of Ibdah) is the statement Allhu Tal,

﴿يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا ارْكَعُوا وَاسْجُدُوا وَاعْبُدُوا رَبَّكُمْ وَافْعَلُوا الْخَيْرَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ.﴾ [الحج: 77]
O you who believe! Bow down, prostrate yourselves, worship your Lord, and do good so that you may be successful. (al-Hajj 22/77)

The evidence for al-Khush (submissive humility, being a type of Ibdah) is the statement Allhu Tal,

﴿وَإِنَّ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ لَمَنْ يُؤْمِنُ بِاللّٰهِ وَمَا أُنْزِلَ إِلَيْكُمْ وَمَا أُنْزِلَ إِلَيْهِمْ خَاشِعِينَ لِلّٰهِ لاَ يَشْتَرُونَ بِآيَاتِ اللّٰهِ ثَمَنًا قَلِيلاً.﴾ [آل عمران: 199].
And there are, certainly, among the Ahlul Kitb (People of the Book i.e. Jews and Christians), those who believe in Allh, in the revelation to you, and in the revelation to them; bowing in submissive humility to Allh: They will not sell the verses of Allh for a little price! (l-i Imrn 3/199) This yah and its likes

Whoever directs anything from these Ibdah to other than Allhu Tal, then he has associated a partner with Allh.

If it is said, What is the greatest of commands Allh commanded with? it is said,

It is unifying Allhu Tal in Ibdah (directing Ibdah only to Him), as explained above. And the greatest prohibition which Allhu Tal prohibited from is Shirk (associating partners) to Him. And Shirk is, calling upon (worshipping) others alongside Allhu Tal or directing other than this (Ibdah) from the types of Ibdah to other than Him Tal. Whoever directs anything from the types of the Ibdah to other than Allhu Tal has taken it (the thing that he directed his Ibdah to) as a Rabb and an Ilah (other than Allh) has associated another as a partner with Allh. Directing other than this from the types of Ibdah to other than Him Tal (is also the same)[2]. The yt (verses) which provide evidence that this is the Shirk which Allhu Tal prohibited from and condemned the Mushrikn for were mentioned above.

Allhu Tal said,

﴿إِنَّ اللّٰهَ لاَ يَغْفِرُ أَنْ يُشْرَكَ بِهِ وَيَغْفِرُ مَا دُونَ ذٰلِكَ لِمَنْ يَشَاءُ وَمَنْ يُشْرِكْ بِاللّٰهِ فَقَدْ ضَلَّ ضَلاَلاً بَعِيدًا.﴾ [النساء: 116]
Indeed, Allh does not forgive associating partners with Him, but He forgives what is less than that for whom He wills. And he who associates others with Allh has certainly gone far astray. (an-Nis 4/116)

And Allhu Tal also said,

﴿إِنَّهُ مَنْ يُشْرِكْ بِاللّٰهِ فَقَدْ حَرَّمَ اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ الْجَنَّةَ وَمَأْوَاهُ النَّارُ وَمَا لِلظَّالِمِينَ مِنْ أَنْصَارٍ.﴾ [المائدة: 72]
Indeed, he who associates others with Allh -Allh has forbidden him Paradise, and his refuge is the Fire. And there are not for the wrongdoers any helpers. (al-Midah 5/72)

Wallhu Alam (And Allh knows best)!..[3]

ANNOTATIONS:
 1. The yah reads in full,

﴿لَهُ دَعْوَةُ الْحَقِّ وَالَّذِينَ يَدْعُونَ مِنْ دُونِهِ لاَ يَسْتَجِيبُونَ لَهُمْ بِشَيْءٍ إِلاَّ كَبَاسِطِ كَفَّيْهِ إِلَى الْمَاءِ لِيَبْلُغَ فَاهُ وَمَا هُوَ بِبَالِغِهِ وَمَا دُعَاءُ الْكَافِرِينَ إِلاَّ فِي ضَلاَلٍ.﴾ [الرعد: 14]
For Him (alone) is the supplication of truth. And those whom they invoke can never respond to them in any way. Their case is like the one who stretches forth his two hands towards water that it may reach his mouth, but it reaches it not. And the invocation of the disbelievers are only in vain. (ar-Rad 13/14)
 
 2. The Muhaqqiq (verifier) of Muallaftush Shaykh makes mention of the repetition in the last paragraph being a mistake made by those who wrote out the pamphlet, since it does not fit the flow of the text. However, we did translate it in order to keep loyal to the text.
 
 3. In the copy found in ad-Durarus Saniyyah, after the yah al-Midah 5/72, the pamphlet ends with Salawt (sending salutations) to Raslullh Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam,

وَ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ.
May Allhs Peace be upon Muhammad (mn)!..
Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said:

إِنَّ النَّاسَ دَخَلُوا فِي دِينِ اللهِ أَفْوَاجًا، وَسَيَخْرُجُونَ مِنْهُ أَفْوَاجًا

"Verily, the people have entered into the religion of Allah in crowds and they will also leave it in crowds." (Ahmad, Musnad)

 

Related Topics

  Subject / Started by Replies Last post
0 Replies
1257 Views
Last post 09.06.2015, 10:38:54 AM
by Ummah
0 Replies
648 Views
Last post 27.01.2018, 04:47:00 AM
by Ummah
0 Replies
823 Views
Last post 20.10.2019, 09:52:15 PM
by Izhr'ud Dn
0 Replies
871 Views
Last post 23.10.2019, 02:32:34 AM
by Izhr'ud Dn
3 Replies
586 Views
Last post 08.03.2021, 03:03:14 AM
by Izhr'ud Dn
15 Replies
986 Views
Last post 06.05.2021, 11:38:51 AM
by Muferridn
0 Replies
139 Views
Last post 01.07.2021, 04:16:02 AM
by Izhr'ud Dn
8 Replies
363 Views
Last post 13.07.2021, 07:14:07 AM
by Murabit
3 Replies
145 Views
Last post 10.08.2021, 01:18:14 AM
by Murabit
2 Replies
109 Views
Last post 17.08.2021, 02:29:29 AM
by Murabit