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Author Topic: The Terms Kufr and Iman  (Read 1761 times)

Fahm'us Salaf

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The Terms Kufr and Iman
« on: 14.06.2015, 04:19:30 AM »
The Terms Kufr and Iman

Bismillah,

In his Tafsir  regarding the 6th Ayah of Surah al-Baqarah, Imam Qurtubi  explains Kufr to be the opposite of Tawhid.

Regarding this in Lisn'ul Arab in summery, the following is mentioned: Kufr; is the opposite of mn. It is said: We have mn (belief) in Allh and rejected the Tght.
Then Kfir means the one who does not have mn (belief), the one who rejects. The word Takfir is taken from the same root and it means to attribute one to Kufr. (For more information refer to: Ibn Mandhr Lisn'ul Arab 5/144 Dar'u Sadir, Beirut, 1414/1994)

Therefore from the Shari'ah point of view anyone who does not have an acceptable Iman is Kafir. Since Kufr is the opposite of Iman the term Iman must be given point to.

Again, in the same work by Ibn Mandhr, he mentions he definition the Lugt scholar (Grammarian/Language) Zajjaj gives to mn is as follows:


الإِيمانُ إظهارُ الْخُضُوعِ والقبولِ للشَّريعة ولِما أَتَى بِهِ النبيُّ، صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، واعتقادُه وتصديقُه بِالْقَلْبِ

mn is to show Khudhu (submission) and to externalize Qabul (acceptance), to believe in and to confirm with the heart the Shari'ah and that which the Nabi Sallalahu Alayhi wa Sallam brought, (see Lisan'ul Arab, 13/23)   

Since Kufr is  the opposite of Iman not submitting to the Shari'ah and to deny/reject anything from the Shari'ah is Kufr as well.

Zarkashi, explains Kufr in the following manner: It is denying/rejecting anything from that which is obligatorily known to be from the Din of Muhammad sallalahu alayhi wa sallam. (Things) such as rejecting/denying the existence of the Creator, the prophet-hood of Muhammad sallalahu alayhi wa sallam and denying Zina (fornication) being Haraam (unlawful).

Regarding this matter Shaykh'ul Islam Ibn Taymiyyah said: In summary, whoever states anything that is Kufr or performs the action without the intention of becoming a Kafir, for this reason he will become Kafir. Because no one can intend Kufr other than those Allah wished. (as-Sarim'ul Maslul ala Shatim ar-Rasul, 177-178)
 
Ibn Qayyim (rahimahullaah) also said the following: Islam is, actualizing the oneness of Allah, worshiping Him solely, not associating anything to Him, having Iman in Allah and His Rasul (prophet) and subject to things which the Rasul had brought along. The slave who does not actualize these is not Muslim. If this individual who does not actualize these is not a stubborn (meaning the one who rejects knowingly) Kafir then he is an ignorant Kafir. These individuals who are evaluated as ignorant, even though they do not persist against the truth, they go through Kufr because of their ignorance. Not being stubborn does not prevent them from being Kafir. It is because Kafir is the one who rejects the Tawhid of Allah and denies the prophet of Allah; by persistence, by ignorance or by following those who are stubborn. Those Muqallid (blind followers) of the stubborn individuals go through Kufr because of following the stubborn ones although they do not persist. It is Fard (obligatory) upon a slave to believe that those who do not submit to Islam are Kafir. (Tariqul Hijratayn, 17th degree, 411)
Whosoever desires الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah (honour, power and glory) then to Allah belong all الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah [and one can get honour, power and glory only by obeying and worshiping Allah (Alone)]. To Him ascend (all) الْكَلِمُ الطَّيِّبُ al-Kalim al-Tayyib (the goodly words), and الْعَمَلُ الصَّالِحُ al-Amal al-Saalih (the righteous deeds) exalt it (the goodly words i.e., the goodly words are not accepted by Allah unless and until they are followed by good deeds). (Fatir 35/10)

 

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