دار التوحيد Dr'ul Tawhd

Author Topic: THE PURPOSE OF FASTING & ITS BENEFITS  (Read 918 times)

Ummah

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THE PURPOSE OF FASTING & ITS BENEFITS
« on: 31.05.2016, 04:58:19 PM »
الْمَقْصُودُ مِنَ الصِّيَامِ وَفَوَائِدُهُ
The Purpose of Fasting and its Benefits

Ibnul Qayyim al-Jawziyyah, Zaadul Maad, 2/27-28

بِسْمِ اللّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ

"The objective behind fasting is to restrain Nafs (the soul) from (its) Shahuwaat (pl., Shahwah; desires) and to prevent it from those things, which are beloved to it. And its purpose is to control the souls strength, so that it can be prepared to attain what is found in it (the fast) from success and joy for the soul. Through the fast, one curbs his hunger and thirst and is reminded of the condition of the hungry stomachs of Masaakin (pl., Miskin; needy people).

Through fasting, one narrows the passages Shaytaan (the Devil) has inside the servant (of Allah) by narrowing the passages of food and drink. Also, it prevents the forces of the limbs from getting too accustomed to things that are harmful to it in Dunya (worldly life) and Akhirah (the Hereafter). And each of the souls body limbs and energies can cease their rebelliousness (to Allah) and be harnessed by its bridle. So therefore, the fast is the bridle of those who fear and obey Allah and the shield of those wage war (against desires). And it is a garden for Abrar (the righteous) and Mukarrab (devoted) servants of Allah. And it is for Rabbil Alamin (the Lord of the worlds), over all other actions (done to please sincerely to Allah).1

This is since the person who fasts, in fact does nothing (wrong). He only abandons his Shahwah (desire) and his food for the sake of his Mabud (the One whom he worships). So fasting is an abandonment of those things that the soul loves and desires, preferring instead Allahs love and contentment. And it is a secret kept between the servant and his Lord; no one else is aware of it. Ibaad (the slaves) may recognize the person whom is fasting abandoning things that nullify ones fast in Dhaahir (the apparent) however his abandoning eating, drinking and his Shahwah for his Mabud is something no man recognizes. This is the truth of fasting.

Fasting has an amazing effect in preserving ones Dhaahir (outer limbs) and Baatin (inner) capacities as well as protecting the soul from being overtaken by destructive components, which can ruin and destroy it. And it has a remarkable effect in causing all the harmful things that prevent the soul from being healthy to be emptied out. So fasting guards and protects the health of the persons heart and body limbs. And it returns the soul all that the hands of the desires have taken from it.

So it is from the greatest ways of improving ones Taqwa (piety), as Allah Taala has said:


يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ
"O you who believe! Fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you in order that you attain Taqwa (piety)." (al-Baqarah 2/183)

And the Nabi (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) has said:

الصَّوْمُ جُنَّةٌ
"Fasting is a shield."2

And he sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) commanded those who had intense desires for marriage but were not able to marry, to observe fasting, making it a shield against those desires (of marriage).3

When the benefits of fasting are born witness to by Aqlul Salim (sensible minds) and Fitrul Mustaqim (upright intuitions), one will come to realize that Allah prescribed it as Rahmah (a mercy) for mankind, Ihsaan (goodness) to them and a protection and shield for them.

Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam)s guidance concerning it was Akmalul Huda (the most perfect of guidance), and the best for reaching the desired objective and the easiest on the soul."


Quote from: Footnotes
1- Abu Hurayra (radiyallahu anh) reported Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying:

قَالَ اللَّهُ كُلُّ عَمَلِ ابْنِ آدَمَ لَهُ إِلاَّ الصِّيَامَ، فَإِنَّهُ لِي، وَأَنَا أَجْزِي بِهِ‏.‏ وَالصِّيَامُ جُنَّةٌ
"Allah said: Every act of the son of Adam is for him, except fasting. It is (exclusively) meant for Me and I (alone) will reward it. Fasting is a shield." (Bukhari, Hadith no: 1904, 7492, 7538; Muslim, Hadith no: 1151)

2- It was narrated by many of the Sahaabah amongst them are; Abu Hurayrah (radiyallahu anh), Muad bin Jabal (radiyallahu anh). It was narrated by Abu Hurayrah (radiyallahu anh), (Bukhari, Hadith no: 1904, 7492; Muslim, Hadith no: 1151; Tirmidhi, Hadith no: 764; Nasai, Hadith no: 2217); Muadh bin Jabal (radiyallahu anh), (Tirmidhi, Hadith no: 2616; Ibnu Majah, Hadith no: 3973; Nasai, Hadith no: 2224-2226); Abu Ubaydah (radiyallahu anh), (Nasai, Hadith no: 2233); Ka'b bin Ujrah (radiyallahu anh), (Tirmidhi, Hadith no: 614) and also by Uthman bin Abil As (radiyallahu anh), (Nasai, Hadith no: 2231)

3- It was narrated from Ibnu Masud (radiyallahu anh) that he said:


كُنَّا مَعَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم شَبَابًا لاَ نَجِدُ شَيْئًا فَقَالَ لَنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهُ صلى الله عليه وسلم‏ يَا مَعْشَرَ الشَّبَابِ مَنِ اسْتَطَاعَ الْبَاءَةَ فَلْيَتَزَوَّجْ، فَإِنَّهُ أَغَضُّ لِلْبَصَرِ، وَأَحْصَنُ لِلْفَرْجِ، وَمَنْ لَمْ يَسْتَطِعْ فَعَلَيْهِ بِالصَّوْمِ، فَإِنَّهُ لَهُ وِجَاءٌ
"We were with the Nabi (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam), young men who had nothing of wealth. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said to us:

O young men, whoever among you can afford it, let him get married, for it is more effective in lowering the gaze and guarding ones chastity. And whoever cannot afford it should fast, for it will be a shield for him."
(Bukhari, Hadith no: 5066; Muslim, Hadith no: 1400)
Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said:

إِنَّ النَّاسَ دَخَلُوا فِي دِينِ اللهِ أَفْوَاجًا، وَسَيَخْرُجُونَ مِنْهُ أَفْوَاجًا

"Verily, the people have entered into the religion of Allah in crowds and they will also leave it in crowds." (Ahmad, Musnad)

Izhr'ud Dn

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Re: THE PURPOSE OF FASTING & ITS BENEFITS
« Reply #1 on: 01.08.2019, 03:51:51 AM »
Bismillh,

Just a Reminder!..
Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The lim (scholar) recognizes the Jhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jhil. The Jhil does not recognize the lim since he has never been an lim." (Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majm'ul Fatw, 13/235)

 

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