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Author Topic: SOME OF THE KARAMAAH THAT HAPPENED TO THE Salaf  (Read 943 times)

Fahm'us Salaf

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SOME OF THE KARAMAAH THAT HAPPENED TO THE Salaf
« on: 16.04.2017, 07:02:42 PM »
بِسْمِ اللّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ
SOME OF THE KARAMAAH THAT HAPPENED TO THE Salaf

Shaykh’ul Islam Ibnu Taymiyyah, al-Furqaan bayna Awliya’ir Rahman wa Awliya’ish Shaytaan

[Bismillahirrahmanirrahim. We are going to quote the Karaamah (pl. Karamat; miracles) that happened to the Saalihin among the Salaf from the book of “al-Furqaan bayna Awliya’ir Rahman wa Awliya’ish Shaytaan” of Shaykh’ul Islam Ibnu Taymiyyah (rahimahullah) which is translated into English as “The Criterion Between The  Allies Of  the  Merciful & The  Allies of the Devil”. All of these incidents are mentioned in various books of Ahl’us Sunnah. Even though all these incidents and their likes had been narrated and made Ittifaaq (agreed) by the Ahl’us Sunnah, there are people here and there in our era who attribute themselves to the Tawhid and the I’tiqaad (creed) of the Salaf reject Karamat that are mentioned here and others and name them as Shirk. They mixed the Shirk Karamaat understanding of the Ghulat (extreme) Sufi with the Haqq (truth) I’tiqaad of Karamaah that is constant with the Kitaab, the Sunnah and the Ijmaa1 therefore they went closer to the understanding and view of the Mu’tazila Madhhab who reject the Karaamat. Whereas Karamat is a blessing and honour from Allah Ta’ala to His Mu’min (believer) servant and only with His Ta’ala’s permit it could happen.2  No Wali (close friend of Allah among His creation) would able to perform Karamat any time he wants. This is in the opposition of what the ignorant Mushrikin believe. They claim such due to their I’tiqaad regarding their suspicious and deem that Awliya (pl. Wali) has Tasarruf (possession) over the universe. Claiming such that Awliya has Tasarruf over the universe is committing Shirk to Allah in His Rububiyyah. Whereas the Sahih (authentic, correct) Karamat understanding has no relationship whatsoever with this Shirk type of understanding. This passage that we are going to quote from Ibnu Taymiyyah (rahimahullah) is very important due to various reasons. Among them is its showing what kind of Karamaah that had been accepted by Ahl’us Sunnah. Also it is among them that its being a first hand response to those ignorant ones who deem that Shaykh’ul Islam Ibnu Tamiyyah rejected the Karamaah! Wallahu A'lam.]

The Karamaat of the Sahabah (companions) and Tabi’in (those who followed them) and the Saalihin (righteous ones) are very many in number. Some of them are as follows:

Usayd bin Hudhayr (radiyallahu anh)
Usayd bin Hudhayr (radiyallahu anh) used to see a cloud filled with what appeared to be many lamps which appeared to him when he read Surat’ul Kahf . These were angels who came down for his reading.

Imran bin Husayn (radiyallahu anh)
Angels used to greet Imran bin Husayn (radiyallahu anh).

Salman’ul Farsi (radiyallahu anh) and Abu’d Dardaa (radiyallahu anh)
Salman (radiyallahu anh) and Abu’d Dardaa (radiyallahu anh) used to hear the praises of Allah emanating out of the plate out of which they were eating, or out of the food.

Abbad bin Bishr (radiyallahu anh) and Asyad bin Hudhayr (radiyallahu anh)
Abbad bin Bishr and Asyad bin Hudhayr once left the presence of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) on a dark night. A light came to them and guided them on their way, and when they parted ways, the light split into two, one for each of them. This was narrated by Bukhari and others.

And, in the well known story found in both Muslim and Bukhari, Abu Bakr (radiyallahu anh) went to his home with three guests. Each time one of them ate a piece of food, a bigger piece appeared underneath it. They all ate their fill, and the food was more than it had been in the first place. When Abu Bakr (radiyallahu anh) and his wife saw this, they took it to Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam). Many groups of people then came and all ate their fill.

Khabib bin Adiy (radiyallahu anh)
Khabib bin Adiy (radiyallahu anh) was once a prisoner of the Mushrikin in Makkah, and grapes used to be brought to him which he ate, though there are no grapes in or around Makkah.

Aamir bin Fuhayra (radiyallahu anh)
Aamir bin Fuhayra was killed as a Shahid (martyr). They searched for his body, but could not find it. He had been lifted up after being killed. Aamir Ibn’ut Tufayl saw him raised up. Urwa said: They saw that the angels had lifted him.

Ummu Ayman (radiyallahu anha)
Ummu Ayman (radiyallahu anha) set out in migration to Madinah, having neither food nor water. She nearly died of thirst. When it was the time of breaking fast (she was fasting), she heard a sound near her head. When she raised her head, she saw a pitcher of water hanging in the air. She drank and quenched her thirst, and was never again thirsty for the rest of her life.

Safina (radiyallahu anh)
Safina, the possession of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam), (after his ship had broken into pieces and thow him to a land) once met a lion on the road. When he told that lion that he was a messenger sent by Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam), the lion walked with him until he safely reached his destination.

Baraa bin Malik (radiyallahu anh)
Baraa bin Malik (radiyallahu anh) used swear by Allah Ta’ala to certain things, which always came to pass. When fighting became very intense, the Muslimin used to say to him: O, Baraa, swear by your Lord! Then, he would say: O, Lord, I swear by You for that victory which you have granted us. The enemy would then be defeated. In the battle of Qadisiya, however, he said: I swear by You O, Lord for the victory which you have granted us, and for making me the first Shahid. The Muslims were granted victory in that battle, and Baraa (radiyallahu anh) was killed as a Shahid.

Khaalid bin Walid (radiyallahu anh)
Khaalid bin Walid (radiyallahu anh) once surrounded an impenetrable fortress. The people inside said to him: We will not come out until you drink poison. Khaalid (radiyallahu anh) drank the poison, but it did him no harm.

Sa'd bin Abi Waqqaas (radiyallahu anh)
Sa'd bin Abi Waqqaas (radiyallahu anh) used to have his supplications answered (since the Prophet had asked Allah to grant him his wish when he supplicated). Whatever he asked for was granted. He was the one who defeated the forces of Kisrah, and conquered Iraq.

Umar Ibn’ul Khattaab (radiyallahu anh)
Umar Ibn’ul Khattaab (radiyallahu anh) once sent out an army and assigned a man named Sariah as its leader. While Umar was giving the Khutba, he began screaming, while still on the minbar: O Sariah, the mountain! O Sariah, the mountain, the mountain! Later, a scout from the army came to Madina. When Umar (radiyallahu anh) asked him the news of the army, he said: O Amir al-Mu’minin (leader of the believers), we met the enemy and were being defeated. Suddenly, there was someone screaming: O Sariah, the mountain! O Sariah, the mountain! So, we put our backs to the mountain, then Allah defeated them.

Zanira
A woman named Zanira was tortured because of her Islam, but refused to change her position until she went blind from the torture. The Mushrikin said: The Laat and the Uzza (two idols in the Ka'aba before Islam) have taken her sight. When she heard this, she said: No! By Allah! And Allah gave her back her sight.

Sa’id bin Zayd (radiyallahu anh)
Sa’id bin Zayd asked Allah to take the sight of Arwa bint’ul Hakam when she lied against him (and took some of his land by lying), saying: O, Allah, if she is lying, make her blind and kill her in her land! She became blind, and fell into a pit on her land shortly thereafter and died.

Alaa Ibn’ul Hadhrami (radiyallahu anh)
Alaa Ibn’ul Hadhrami (radiyallahu anh) was the appointed governor of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) over Bahrain. He used to say in his Du'a (supplication): O Alim (all-knowing), O Hakim (Wise), O Adhim (Great), and his prayers were answered.

Once he prayed to Allah Ta’ala to give them water to drink and to make ablutions when there was a drought, and it was granted.

Another time they were faced with a body of water which they could not cross with their horses. They crossed on top of the water such that not one saddle became wet.

He asked Allah Ta’ala that his body not be seen after his death, and when he died, they could not find his body in his grave.

Muslim al-Khawlaani (rahimahullah)
Things like this also used to happen to Abi Muslim al-Khawlaani (rahimahullah), who was once thrown into fire. He set out with some companions from the encampment of the Tigris river which was throwing out pieces of wood because of high waters. He turned to his companions and said: Did any of you lose something out of his supplies, so that I can pray to Allah for its return? One of them said: I have lost a nose-bag. He told the man to follow him, which he did until he found it hanging from something and he took it.

Aswad Al-Ansiy sought him out when the former had made his false claim to prophethood. When he found him, he said to him: Do you testify that I am the messenger of Allah? Abi Muslim said to him: I can't hear you. Aswad said: Do you testify that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah? He said: Yes! Aswad then ordered a fire to be built and threw him into it. They found him standing in the middle of the fire and praying - it had become for him coolness and peace.

He came to Madina after the death of the Nabi (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam), and Umar (radiyallahu anh) had him sit down between himself and Abu Bakr as-Siddique (radiyallahu anh) and said: Praise is to Allah who did not bring about my death until I was able to see one from the nation of Muhammad for whom Allah did as He did for His friend Ibrahim (alayhi salam).

His slave girl once put poison in his food, but it had no effect on him.

Another time, his wife had another woman pose as her in her bed, and he asked Allah Ta’ala against her, and she became blind. When she came to him asking forgiveness and repenting to Allah, he again prayed to Allah, and she regained her sight.

Aamir bin Abd’ul Qays
Aamir bin Abd’ul Qays used to receive a pension of two thousand dirhams and put them in his sleeve. He would give large numbers of coins to anyone who asked him along the way, and would reach his house with same number with which he started, and the same weight.

He once passed by a caravan which was being held up by a lion. He came to them until his robe brushed against the lion. Then he put his foot on the lion's neck and said: You are nothing more than one of the dogs of the Rahman (Merciful), and I feel shame in front of Allah to fear anything other than Him. The caravan passed and went on its way.

He asked Allah Ta’ala to make purification easy for him in the winter, and water used to be brought to him giving off steam.

He asked His Rabb (Lord) to keep Shaytaan (Satan) away from his heart when he was in prayer, and Shaytaan could not get to him after that.

Among the Tabi’in

Hassan Basri

Hajjaaj could not find Hassan Basri for a period of time. He had his men enter his dwelling six times, but Hassan prayed to Allah and they did not see him.

Once he prayed against some of the Khawaarij who were harassing him, and they fell over dead.

Waslah bin Ushaym (rahimahullah)
The horse of Waslah bin Ushaym once died during a battle. He said: O, Allah, do not allow me to become indebted to one of your creation. He prayed to Allah Azza wa Jalla, and He brought his horse back to life. When he reached his house, he said to his sons: O, my sons, take the saddle off the horse, for I have only borrowed him. When they removed the saddle, the horse died.

Another time, he became hungry while in the area of Ahwaz, and so he prayed to Allah Azza wa Jalla for food. Then a quantity of fresh dates in a silk garment fell down behind him. He ate the dates, the piece of silk remained with his wife for a period of time.

Once a lion came to him while he was praying in a thicket at night. When he concluded his prayer, he said to the lion: Go seek your sustenance elsewhere! The lion then turned and left, yelping.

Sa’id Ibn’ul Musayyib (rahimahullah)
Sa’id Ibn’ul Musayyib (rahimahullah), during the days of Harra used to hear the Adhaan (call to prayer) coming from the grave of the Nabi of Allah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) at the times of prayer while the Masjid was empty and he was alone.

A man from an-Nakhai (rahimahullah)
A man from the tribe if an-Nakhai was travelling when his donkey died. His companions said to him: Give us your load and we will divide it up between our animals. He said to them: Give me a little time. He made very meticulous ablutions, prayed two Rakaat (units) of prayer, and made Du'a to Allah Ta’ala. Allah brought his donkey back to life, and he continued on his way, with the full load on his own donkey.

Uways al-Qarani (rahimahullah)
When Uways al-Qarani died, they found among his clothes burial shrouds which he had never had before. Then they found for him a grave already dug with the Lahd in stone. So they wrapped him in those shrouds, and buried him in that grave.

Amr bin Uqba bin Farqad (rahimahullah)
Amr bin Uqba bin Farqad was once praying in intense heat when a cloud came over him and give him shade.

Wild animals used to guard him while in the wilderness tending the riding animals of his companions. He used make a condition on his companions when they went to a battle that they would allow him to serve them if they returned from the battle, then he would tend their animals for them.

Mutarraf bin Abdullah (rahimahullah)
When Mutarraf bin Abdullah Ibn’ush Shakhir entered his house, his household utensils used to glorify Allah (by saying Subhanallah) along with him.

He was once walking in pitch darkness with a friend, and the tip of a whip became a light for them, showing them the way.

Ahnaf bin Qays (rahimahullah)
When Ahnaf bin Qays died and was being buried, someone's hat fell into the grave. When he descended into the grave to get it, he saw that his grave had been expanded for him for as far as the eye could see.

Ibrahim at-Taymi (rahimahullah)
Ibrahim at-Taymi used to stay for one or two months without eating anything.

One day, he went out to look for food for his family, but could not find any. He came to a level patch of reddish dirt, and took some of it in his bag. When he reached home and they opened it, they found it to be fine red millet. Every time he planted any of that millet, it produced nothing but spikes full of grain from its root to its top.

Utbat’ul Ghulam (rahimahullah)
Utbat’ul Ghulam asked his Lord for three things: A beautiful voice, abundant tears, and food to eat without difficulty. After that, whenever he read the Qur'an, he wept and caused others to weep. He was always seen shedding tears. He used to go to his house, and find therein his food, having no idea how it got there.

Abd’ul Waahid bin Zayd (rahimahullah)
Abd’ul Waahid bin Zayd was afflicted with semiparalysis. He asked his Rabb to release his body members at the time of making Wudu (ablutions). His affliction used to disappear long enough for him to make his Wudu, and then return as before.

All of the above were examples of the Karamaat of this period only (the Sahabah and the Tabi'in ie. the first generation after the companions). This area is very wide, and I have dealt extensively with the Karamaat of Awliyaa (the allies of Allah) elsewhere.

As for that which I myself have witnessed and have direct knowledge of in this time (Ibnu Taymiyyah lived in the seventh century after the Hijrah), it is very many cases indeed.


Footnotes:


Quote
1- Shaykh’ul Islam Ibnu Taymiyyah (rahimahullah) said:

كرامات الأولياء حق باتفاق أئمة أهل الإسلام والسنة والجماعة ، وقد دل عليها القرآن في غير موضع ، والأحاديث الصحيحة والآثار المتواترة عن الصحابة والتابعين وغيرهم ، وإنما أنكرها أهل البدع من المعتزلة والجهمية ومن تابعهم ، لكن كثيرا ممن يدعيها أو تدعى له يكون كذابا أو ملبوسا عليه

“The Karamaah of the Awliya are Haqq according to the Ittifaaq of the A’immah (pl, Imam) of Ahl’ul Islam and of Ahl’us Sunnah wa’l Jama‘ah. That is indicated by the Qur’an in more than one place and by Sahih Ahadith and Athaar (reports) from the Sahabah, Tabi‘in and others which are Mutawatir (mass transmitted) and Sahih. It is only denied by Ahl’ul Bid’ah such as the Mu‘talizah, Jahmiyyah and those who followed them. But many of those who claim to have performed miracles or to whom people attributed miracles may have been lying or confused.” (Mukhtasar al-Fataawa al-Masriyyah, 2/63)

2- The occurrence of Karamah to the Awliya is a reality that is accepted between the scholars of Ahl’us Sunnah. Karamat is proven in the Qur’an and the Sunnah. Ashabı Kahf (the People of the Cave) is in Qur’an and Shaykh’ul Islam Ibnu Taymiyyah mentioned so many incidents from the Hadith. So Shaykh’ul Islam Ibnu Taymiyyah (rahimahullah) said the following regarding the matter:


إنما غاية الكرامة لزوم الاستقامة ، فلم يكرم الله عبدا بمثل أن يعينه على ما يحبه ويرضاه ويزيده مما يقربه إليه ويرفع به درجته

“The real Karaamah (honour) is Istiqaamah (steadfastness). There is no honour that Allah Ta’ala bestows on any of His slaves that can match the honour of helping him to do that which He loves and which pleases Him, and to do more of that which will bring him closer to Him Ta’ala and raise him in status.” (Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majmu’ul Fataawa, 11/298)
Whosoever desires الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah (honour, power and glory) then to Allah belong all الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah [and one can get honour, power and glory only by obeying and worshiping Allah (Alone)]. To Him ascend (all) الْكَلِمُ الطَّيِّبُ al-Kalim al-Tayyib (the goodly words), and الْعَمَلُ الصَّالِحُ al-Amal al-Saalih (the righteous deeds) exalt it (the goodly words i.e., the goodly words are not accepted by Allah unless and until they are followed by good deeds). (Fatir 35/10)

 

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