دار التوحيد Dr'ul Tawhd

Author Topic: CONCISE TAFSR OF SURAT'UL IKHLS, MUHAMMAD BIN ABD'IL WAHHB  (Read 407 times)

Izhr'ud Dn

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Concise Tafsr of Suratul Ikhls, Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhb

Allah Tala states in Suratul Ikhls;

قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ اللَّهُ الصَّمَدُ لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُولَدْ وَلَمْ يَكُن لَّهُ كُفُواً أَحَدٌ
Say: He is Allah, the One; Allah, the Eternal, Absolute; He begetteth not, nor is He begotten; And there is none like unto Him. (Ikhls, 112/1-4)

Shaykhul Islm Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhb Rahimahullah Tala said,

Tafsr of Suratul Ikhls. It was narrated from Abdullah bin Khubayb that he said,


خرجنا في ليلة ممطرة وظلمة، فطلبت النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم ليصلي لنا فأدركناه، فقال: قل، فلم أقل شيئا، قال: قلتُ يا رسول الله، ما أقول؟ قال: {قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ} والمعوذتين حين تمسي وحين تصبح ثلاث مرات تكفيك من كل شيء
We went out on a rainy and extremely dark night, looking for Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) to lead us in Salt (prayer). Thus, he (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, Say! I did not say anything! Thus I said, Ya (O) Raslullah! What should I say? He (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said,

قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ Say: He is Allah, the One (Suratul Ikhls), and the Muawwidhatayn (Suratun Ns and Suratul Falq) three times when you reach night and when you reach morning. It will suffice you from everything. (with slightly different wording; Abu Dawud, Hadth no: 5082; Tirmidh, Hadth no: 3575. Tirmidh said the Hadth is Hasan Sahh)

الأحد (al-Ahad) is: the One who does not have an equivalent.

الصمد (as-Samad) is: the One which all the creation turn to in all their needs, and that He is al-Kmil (the Perfect) in His Sift (Attributes) of Govern-ship. As for His Talas saying,

أَحَدٌ the One It negates Him having equivalents or likes. His Talas saying,

الصَّمَدُ the Eternal, Absolute Affirms the Kaml Sift. His Talas saying,

لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُولَدْ He begetteth not, nor is He begotten Negates Him having a wife or family (members).

وَلَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ كُفُواً أَحَدٌ And there is none like unto Him. Negates the Shurak (partners) to the One who possess al-Jall (the Majesty).
Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah (Rahimahullh) stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The lim (scholar) recognizes the Jhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jhil. The Jhil does not recognize the lim since he has never been an lim." (Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majm'ul Fatw, 13/235)

 

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