دار التوحيد Dr'ul Tawhd

Author Topic: M.B ABDIL WAHHB REFRAINING FROM TAKFR ON THE WORSHIPERS OF QUBBATUL KAWWZ  (Read 810 times)

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Quote from: Question June 26, 2008, 03:52:45 AM
How should we understand Muhammad bin Abdilwahhab refraining from making Takfir on the worshipers of Kuwwazs tomb and that of Abdu'l-Qadir?

Bismillahirrahmanirrahim,

Our response to this question can be found in the following explanations provided in the footnotes for the book
Hukmu Takfril Muayyin wal Farqu Bayna Qiymil Hujjah wa Fahmil Hujjah (Ruling Of Muayyan Takfr and The Difference Between the Reaching of Hujjah and Comprehending The Hujjah) by Ishq bin Abdir Rahman lush Shaykh (Rahimahullah).

Ishq bin Abdir Rahman lush Shaykh (Rahimahullah) stated the following in his book Hukmu Takfril Muayyin wal Farqu Bayna Qiymil Hujjah wa Fahmil Hujjah,

The person who spoke with me regarding the matter mentioned that some students asked regarding this (evidence) and regarding its Istidlaal (deduction). So he said:

We declare Takfir upon the type, and we do not declare Takfir upon the Ayn (specific person) except after Tarif (establishing the Hujjah i.e. proof). Our contingent (Istidlaal) is what we see in some Rasil (personal letters) of the Shaykh Muhammad (bin Abdil Wahhb) -may Allah purify his soul- where he indeed refrained from declaring Takfr upon those among the Juhl (pl. Jhil; ignorant) who worship the Qubbatul Kalwz1 and Abdul Qdir due to the absence of someone who could warn them from it.

So pay attention, you see the strangeness. Then ask Allah for Aafiyyah (wellness) and protection from deviation after straightness.

How it resembles the famous account by the Shaykh Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhb (Rahimahullah); one day while he was explaining Aslud Dn (fundamentals of the Religion of Islm) and clarifying what is related to it; a man who was sitting, neither asking any questions or astonished nor interested until Shaykh stated some (obscure) statements just like this (i.e. his statements regarding Qubbatul Kawwz), so the man said: What is this? How come? So the Shaykh said: May Allah curse you!.. He came to our conversation from this day on, you neither comprehended anything nor asked any question. When this oversight came out, you recognized (!) it. You are like flies which do not come out except on the dirt, or something along those lines.

So we say: Alhamdulillah (all praise is for Allah) and Thana  (commendation) is for Him. We ask Him Tala for aid and to do the right thing. We do not say anything other than what our Mashayikh; Shaykh Muhammad in his Ifdatul Mustafd2 and his grandson (Abdur Rahman bin Hasan) in his refutation3 to al-Irq said which are corresponding to what the Aimmatud Dn (Imms of the Dn) before them said. From what is known by necessity of the Dn of Islm; the reference regarding the matters of Uslud Dn is the Kitb (Book i.e. the Book of Allah, Qurn), the Sunnah (of Raslullah) and the Mutabar (esteemed) Ijm (consensus) of the Ummah (nation i.e. nation of Islm) and it is what the Sahbah (companions of Raslullah) were upon. In this regards the reference is not a particular lim. So for whomever this Asl (fundament) is settled such that he is not driven by suspicion and it becomes constant in his heart, what he sees from the Mutashabih (allegorical) Kalm (speech) in some compilations of his Aimmah will be easy for him. Since there is no Masm (innocent) other than Nab (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam).

Quotation from Ishq bin Abdir Rahman lush Shaykh (Rahimahullah) ends here.


Footnotes:


Quote
1- This place is referred to as Kawwz in many sources.

In the past and today, those who attribute themselves to the Dawah (call) of Tawhd yet accept Jahl (ignorance) as an Udhr (excuse) with regards to the Shirkul Akbar (Major Shirk) claiming that the doer of Shirk is Muslim by relying upon these following statements of Shaykhul Islm Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhb (Rahimahullah):


وإذا كنا لا نكفر من عبد الصنم الذي على قبر عبد القادر والصنم الذي على قبر أحمد البدوي وأمثالهما؛ لأجل جهلهم، وعدم من ينبههم، فكيف نكفر من لم يشرك بالله إذا لم يهاجر إلينا أو لم يكفر ويقاتل، سبحانك هذا بهتان عظيم

And when it is the case that we do not declare Takfr upon the one who worships the idol (i.e. tomb) which is built on the grave of Abdul Qdir, and the idol which is built on the grave of Ahmad al-Badaw and their likes, due to their ignorance, and lack of someone to notify them (of their opposition), then how could we declare Takfr upon the one who does not commit Shirk (associate partners) with Allah, when he does not emigrate to us, who does not declare Takfr and does not fight?

سبحانك هذا بهتان عظيم
Glory to Thee (our Lord), this is a most serious slander! (an-Nr 24/16)

Quotation from Shaykhul Islm Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhb (Rahimahullah) ends here. (Fatw wa Mas'il, 4/11; Shaykh Abdil Latf, Misbhuz Zalm, 84)

However another statement of the Shaykh regarding the same topic was related by Shaykh Abdil Latf (Rahimahullah) in his book Minhjut Tss as follows:


وإنّا لا نكفر إلاّ من كفّره الله ورسوله، من المشركين عباد الأصنام كالذين يعبدون الصنم الذي على قبر عبد القادر والصنم الذي على قبر أحمد البدوي وأمثالهما

We never declare Takfr upon anyone other than those whom Allah Tala and His Rasl (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) declared Takfr upon. Those we declare Takfr upon are the worshipers of idols; Mushriks. Like the ones who worship the idol on the grave of Abd'ul Qdir and the idol on the grave of Ahmad al-Badaw and the idols on the graves of their likes. (Shaykh Abd'ul Latf bin Abd'ur Rahman bin Hasan, Minhjut Tss wat Taqds f Kashfi Shububti Dwud bin Jarjs, 1/89)

As clearly seen Shaykh Muhammad (Rahimahullah) expressed himself in a manner understood contrary and stated that he is declaring Takfr upon those grave worshippers who worship the abovementioned idols on the graves. If we accept for a second that Shaykh Muhammad (Rahimahullah) stated both statements regarding the same matter then we would have to confess that there is contradiction in his statements. This is the last probability to attribute to any scholar. Thus, it becomes clear that Shaykh Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhb (Rahimahullah) stated both proclamations for different matters.

The first statement was regarding lifting the rulings of fighting against and declaration of Takfr with the intent of Adhb (punishment), from someone to whom the Hujjah had not reached.

Whereas the latter was regarding him passing a general ruling for the one who worships other than Allah as being non-Muslim. This will be explained in details Inshallah.

Shaykh Abdul Latf (Rahimahullah) the grandson of Shaykhul Islm Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhb (Rahimahullah), related one of his statement regarding the Qubbatul Kawwz:


وكان شيخنا محمد بن عبد الوهاب يقرر في مجالسه ورسائله أنه لا يكفر إلا من قامت عليه الحجة الرسالية، وإلا من عرف دين الرسول وبعد معرفته تبين في عداوته ومسبته، وتارة يقول: وإذا كنا لا نكفر من يعبد الكواز ونحوه ونقاتلهم حتي نبين لهم وندعوهم فيكف نكفر من لم يهاجر إلينا؟

Our Shaykh Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhb (Rahimahullah) was affirming in his gatherings and his Rasil that he does not declare Takfr upon anyone except those to whom the Hujjah of Rislah had been established upon and the one who learned the Dn of the Rasl (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) and after this knowledge openly displays his enmity and slanders it. Sometimes Shaykh Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhb (Rahimahullah) would say:

Since we do not declare Takfr upon those who worships the Kawwz and its likes and we do not fight against them until we clarify to them and call them (to the Dawah) then how could we declare Takfir upon the one who does not make Hijrah (emigrate) to us?
(Shaykh Abdul Latf, Minhjut Tss, 222)

Attention shall be paid to the fact that Shaykh Abdul Latf (Rahimahullah) related both the terms Takfr and Qital (fight) side by side in the same Siyq (context). Shaykh Abdul Latf (Rahimahullah) in the same book also said the following:


والشيخ محمد بن عبد الوهاب رحمه الله من أعظم الناس توقفاً وإحجاماً عن إطلاق الكفر، حتى أنه لم يجزم بتكفير الجاهل الذي يدعو غير الله من أهل القبور أو غيرهم إذا لم يتيسر له من ينصحه، ويبلغه الحجة التي يكفر تاركها. قال في بعض رسائله

Shaykh Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhb (Rahimahullah) was the most careful of the people regarding pausing and being reluctant to Itlq (discharging) the Kufr so much that he (Rahimahullah) would have not applied Takfr upon the Jhil who directs his Du to other than Allah among the Ahlul Qubr (the People of Graves) or other than them without having someone advise him and transmit the Hujjah that abandoning necessitates Takfr. He (Rahimahullah) said the following in some of his Rasil:

وإذا كنا لا نقاتل من يعبد قبة الكواز حتى نتقدم بدعوته إلى إخلاص الدين لله، فكيف نكفر من لم يهاجر إلينا وإن كان مؤمناً موحداً؟

Since we do not fight those who worship the Qubbatul Kawwz until we call them to have Ikhls (sincere) in the Dn of Allah then how could we declare Takfr upon those Mumin and Muwahhid for not emigrating to us? (Shaykh Abdul Latf, Minhjut Tss, 99)

If attention is paid Shaykh Abdul Latf (Rahimahullah) in this passage mentions Qital, meaning fighting without saying anything about Takfr. So it is clear that the statement of Shaykh Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhb (Rahimahullah) regarding the Qubbatul Kawwz is related only with which is known by everyone- the duty of calling people to Islm, to those whom Islm had not reached, before fighting against them. Since as it will come in detail later in this Rislah (i.e. Hukmu Takfril Muayyin wal Farqu Bayna Qiymil Hujjah wa Fahmil Hujjah)- noone will be punished in Duny until the call reaches them. As Allah Tala states:


وَمَا كُنَّا مُعَذِّبِينَ حَتَّى نَبْعَثَ رَسُولاً
...nor would We punish until We had sent a messenger (to give warning). (al-Isr 17/15)

Fighting against them is also included in this principle. As for the Akhirah (Hereafter) according to the Rjh (preferred) Qawl (view, opinion)- they will not be punished immediately but will be tested. These people will not be called as Kuffr (disbelievers) in this context since they do not deserve each and every ruling that is befitting the Kuffr. Not attributing them with Kufr in this context does not mean that they are Muslim as will be elucidated later in this Rislah in detail Inshallah.

Shaykh Sulaymn bin Sahmn narrated the statement of Shaykhul Islm Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhb (Rahimahullah) regarding the Qubbatul Kawwz:


وإن كنا لا نكفر من عبد قبة الكواز، لجهلهم وعدم من ينبههم، فكيف من لم يهاجر إلينا؟

Since we do not declare Takfr upon the worshipers of Qubbatul Kawwz due to their Jahl and lack of someone to inform them then how could we (declare Takfr upon) the one who does not emigrate to us? (Sulaymn bin Sahmn, al-Dhiyush Shriq, 372)

As mentioned above Shaykh Muhammad (Rahimahullah) stated the same words for those who worship the Qubbah, the idol built upon the grave of Abdul Qdir (Rahimahullah) and stated that he does not declare Takfr upon them due to their Jahl and the lack of someone who would inform and warn them regarding the matter. Shaykh (Rahimahullah) is also quoted to say the similar:


فنقول: إذا كان يعمل بالكفر والشرك، لجهله، أو عدم من ينبهه، لا نحكم بكفره حتى تقام عليه الحجة؛ ولكن لا نحكم بأنه مسلم، بل نقول عمله هذا كفر، يبيح المال والدم، وإن كنا لا نحكم على هذا الشخص، لعدم قيام الحجة عليه؛ لا يقال: إن لم يكن كافرا، فهو مسلم، بل نقول عمله عمل الكفار، وإطلاق الحكم على هذا الشخص بعينه، متوقف على بلوغ الحجة الرسالية. وقد ذكر أهل العلم: أن أصحاب الفترات، يمتحنون يوم القيامة في العرصات، ولم يجعلوا حكمه حكم الكفار، ولا حكم الأبرار

We say: When a person commits Kufr and Shirk due to Jahl or lack of someone who would inform him, we do not rule him with Kufr until establishing the Hujjah upon him however we do not rule his being a Muslim either. Rather we say that his Amal (deed) is Kufr which makes his wealth and blood (life) permissible (to shed); even though we do not rule upon this person due to lack of Qiymul Hujjah upon him. It will not be said: If he is not Kfir then he is Muslim! Rather we say that his Amal is the Amal of the Kuffr, Itlq of Hukm (of Kufr) upon this person specifically is conditional upon the Hujjah of the Rislah reaching him. The Ahlul Ilm (People of the Sacred-Knowledge) mentioned that: The Ashbul Fatrh will be tested on Yawmul Qiymah (Doomsday) at Arast. The Ahlul Ilm had not considered their Hukm (ruling) neither as Hukm of the Kuffr nor Hukm of the Abrr (pl. Birr; doer of virtuous, pious, dutiful deeds). (ad-Durarus Saniyyah, 10/136-137)

As seen, Shaykh Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhb (Rahimahullah) expressed similar statements regarding the worshippers of the Qubbah on the grave of Abdul Qdir (Rahimahullah), Qubbatul Kawwz and regarding others informing they will be not be given the Hukm of Kfir however that this does not mean they are considered as Muslim. Therefore, they will be given neither the Hukm of Kfir nor the Hukm of Muslim and their situation is the same as those among the Ahlul Fatrh who will not be thrown into Jahannam (Hell) directly rather they will be tested.

Thus the statement of Shaykhul Islm Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhb (Rahimahullah) in which he does not declare Takfr upon those who worship the idols (tombs, domes etc.) that are built on the graves, refers to not fighting them and not killing them prior to Qiymul Hujjah. Meaning; not applying the rulings of the Kuffr to them before calling them since it is a duty for Muslimn to call people -to whom the Dawah had not reached- to Islm before fighting. If these people to whom the Shaykh (Rahimahullah) referred to, were amongst the people to whom the Dawah had not reached due to various reasons then it is not Jaiz (permissible) to fight them before fulfilling our duty. As for Qiymul Hujjah; it is the reaching of the Qurn or the ability to reach it and it is not the comprehension of it as it is the subject of this Rislah. In this case, they will not be declared Takfr as deserving the Adhb (punishment) meanwhile due to committing Shirk, they will not be considered as Muslim.

The issue will be explained in detail later in this Rislah Inshallah defining the Ijm of Ulam including those who do not label the Ahlul Fatrh as Kuffr concerning the fact that they will not be considered as Muslim and they will not be ruled with the rulings of Islm in the Ahkm of Duny.

Therefore, the ignorance of those who claim that Shaykhul Islm Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhb (Rahimahullah) excused Jahl with regards to the Shirk of those who worship the idols on the graves of Kawwz, Abdul Qdir (Rahimahullah) and their likes are exposed. As it is understood from the statements quoted above and also from the statements of Shaykh Ishq (Rahimahullah) in this Rislah clarifies that none among the Ulam of Najd to whom Shaykhul Islm Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhb (Rahimahullah) lead had such belief concerning Jahl as Udhr with regards to the matters of Shirk. None of them considered the doer of Shirk as Muslim by deducting from the statements of Shaykh Muhammad (Rahimahullah). Rather they all as Shaykh Ishq (Rahimahullah) did in this Rislah- rejected in many events those who claim that Shaykhul Islm Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhb (Rahimahullah) excused Jahl with regards to Shirk and explained the meanings of his statements.

These deviant and deviator Balam of our era neither referred back to the students and descendants of the Shaykh who has the better understanding and Ilm- in order to explain the matter nor did they take the Mutashahbih (unclear) statements of the Shaykh to his Muhkam (clear) statements. Nonetheless, they understood them as they wished. Since this is what profited them. It should be known that they were/are not seekers of Haqq (truth). As the Shaykh Ishq (Rahimahullah) mentioned these people who attribute themselves to the Dawah of Shaykhul Islm Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhb (Rahimahullah) by relying upon statements of the Shaykh regarding Kawwz and Abdul Qdir, as their forefathers used to do- claim that Shaykh Muhammad (Rahimahullah) excused Jahl and considered doers of Shirk as Muslim.

Ibnu Uthaymn in his Sharh on Kashfush Shubuht, Ahmad Fard in his book Ignorance is an Excuse, Abdullah Azzm in his book Lessons of Jihd claimed such regarding Shaykhul Islm Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhb (Rahimahullah). These narrations quoted above indicates either the Jahl of these and many others so-called scholars or their hiding the truth from the general masses. This issue will be dealt with later in this Rislah Inshallah in the chapter where the Ahlul Fatrh is mentioned.

Last but not least; these narrations and their explanations by the Ulam according to the Usl (methodology) also show the Jahl of those newly innovated people who claim that such statements of Shaykhul Islm Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhb are forged and mutilated statements. According to them all these books some already mentioned above- that contain such statements are forged (!).. The Btil (invalid) and irrationality of such claim is crystal clear.

Like those who excuse Jahl, these newly-innovated people are also unable to verify and comprehend the statements of the Ulam and prove their Ajz (shortcoming) by rejecting anything they are unable to explain. They are in such an ignorance ditch for example Hmid al-Fiq (his nonsense is known with regards to the Sahabh concerning the matter of
Dhtu Anwt when he commented and added footnotes to the book Fathul Majd, the Sharh of Kitbut Tawhd by Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhb) who commented the book Misbhuz Zalm by Shaykh Abdil Latf, when he found the Shaykh (Rahimahullah) narrated from his grandfather (i.e. Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhb) with acceptance and explanation according to Ilm; he, Hmid al-Fiq proved his own Jahl by deeming that there is defect and mutilation in the statement. Today many among the so-called Tlibul Ilm (seekers, students of sacred-knowledge) continue to narrate and publish the claim that the statements of Shaykh Muhammad (Rahimahullah) are mutilated (!).. Wallahul Mustan (help is sought only from Allah)!..

2- This book by Shaykhul Islm Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhb (rahimahullah) is known nowadays as
Mufdul Mustafd fi Kufri Trikit Tawhd and reputed with this title.

3- Shaykh Abdur Rahman (Rahimahullah) has a refutation known as Kashfu ma Alqhu Ibls minal Bahraji wat Talbs ala Qalbi Dwud bin Jarjs against Dwud bin Jarjs, the grave worshiper. Shaykh Abdul Latf (Rahimahullah), Shaykh Aba Butayn (Rahimahullah) including
al-Intisr li Hizbillahil Muwahhidn war Raddu alal Mujdili anil Mushrikn and others among the Ulam also have written refutations against him.
قولوا "لا إله إلا الله" تفلحوا

"Say, La Ilaha Illallh (there is no -true- deity -worthy of worship- except Allh) so that you are successful."

 

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