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Author Topic: O PEOPLE DO YOU KNOW WHY WE DECLARE TAKFR UPON YOU | MUHAMMAD BIN ABDIL WAHHB  (Read 26 times)

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Our People, Do You Know Why We Declare Takfr Upon You?[1]

Shaykhul Islm Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhb Rahimahullh

The Shaykh Muhammad bin Abdil Wahhb Rahimahullhu Tal also said:

What is the Dn which Allh sent Muhammad Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam with? And what did Allh criticize his people and sons of his uncles with? What did they deny? Were they denying Allh, or did they know Him?

As for what he (Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam) commanded them with, it is worshipping Allh who is One and has no partners, and to not take other Ilhs (deities) with Allh. He Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam also prevented them from worshipping created beings from amongst the Malikah (pl. of Malak; angel), the Anbiy (pl. of Nab; prophet), the Slihn (pl. of Slih; the pious, righteous), the stones, and the trees, as Allh Tal said,


وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَا مِنْ قَبْلِكَ مِنْ رَسُولٍ إِلاَّ نُوحِي إِلَيْهِ أَنَّهُ لا إِلَهَ إِلاَّ أَنَا فَاعْبُدُونِ
We never sent a messenger before you except that We revealed to him, There is no -true- deity -worthy of worship- except Me, so worship Me (alone). (al-Anbiy 21/25)

The statement of Allhu Tal,


وَلَقَدْ بَعَثْنَا فِي كُلِّ أُمَّةٍ رَسُولًا أَنِ اعْبُدُوا اللهَ وَاجْتَنِبُوا الطَّاغُوتَ
And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (nation) a Messenger (proclaiming), Worship Allh (Alone), and avoid (worshipping) the Tght. (an-Nahl 16/36)

The statement of Allhu Tal,


وَاسْأَلْ مَنْ أَرْسَلْنَا مِنْ قَبْلِكَ مِنْ رُسُلِنَا أَجَعَلْنَا مِنْ دُونِ الرَّحْمَنِ آلِهَةً يُعْبَدُونَ
And ask those We sent before you of Our messengers; have We made besides the Most Merciful deities to be worshipped? (az-Zukhruf 43/45)

And the statement of Allhu Tal,


وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْأِنْسَ إِلاَّ لِيَعْبُدُونِ
I have not created the jinn and human beings except that they worship Me. (adh-Dhriyt 51/56)

It should be known with all of this that: Allh Subhnahu wa Tal created the creation only that they should worship Him and so that they affirm His unity, and He sent the Rusul (pl. of Rasl; messengers) to his slaves so they command them with this.

As for what we contradict them, and what we declare Takfr upon them, it is only (them) ascribing partners to Allh. For example, them making Du (supplicating) to a Nab from amongst the Anbiy or an angel from amongst the angels, Nahr (slaughtering an animal) to it, Nadhr (vowing) to it, making Itiqf (seclusion) at its grave, making Ruk (bowing) or Sujd (prostration) to it with Khudh (humility), or requesting it to fulfill needs or to relieve distress. This is the Shirk of Quraysh which with it Raslullh Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam declared Takfr upon them and fought against them. And none from amongst the Kuffr said that other than Allh created them, provides them, or takes care of the affairs. Rather, all of them confess that the one who does this is Allh, they recognized Allh with this. Allhu Tal says in the yah while mentioning them,


قُلْ مَنْ يَرْزُقُكُمْ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ وَالأَرْضِ
Say, Who is it that sustains you (in life) from the sky and from the earth? (Ynus 10/31)[2]

He said in the yh,

قُلْ لِمَنِ الْأَرْضُ وَمَنْ فِيهَا
Say, To whom belongs the earth and whoever is in it, if you should know? (al-Muminn 23/84)[3]

He said in the yh,

وَلَئِنْ سَأَلْتَهُمْ مَنْ خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ وَسَخَّرَ الشَّمْسَ وَالْقَمَرَ
If you were to ask them, Who has created the heavens and the earth and subjected the sun and the moon? (al-Ankabt 29/61)[4]

(However,) this confession does not enter them into Islm. This did not make it Wjib (compulsory) to stop fighting and declaring Takfr upon them. However, their Kufr is what they believe in, which we have mentioned. Verily, they used to worship the angels, the Anbiy, the Jinn, the planets, and representatives drawn upon their graves while they were saying,

مَا نَعْبُدُهُمْ إِلَّا لِيُقَرِّبُونَا إِلَى اللَّهِ زُلْفَى
We only worship them that they may bring us near to Allh. (az-Zumar 39/3)

وَيَقُولُونَ هَؤُلاءِ شُفَعَاؤُنَا عِنْدَ اللَّهِ
And they say, These are our intercessors with Allh. (Ynus 10/18)

So Allh Subhnahu wa Tal sent the Rusul prohibiting from directing Du to somebody other than Him; prohibiting from the Du of Ibdah (worship), and the Du of Istigthah (seeking help). Allhu Tal said,


قُلِ ادْعُوا الَّذِينَ زَعَمْتُمْ مِنْ دُونِهِ فَلَا يَمْلِكُونَ كَشْفَ الضُّرِّ عَنْكُمْ وَلَا تَحْوِيلًا
Say, Invoke those you have claimed (as gods) besides Him, for they do not possess the (ability to) remove harm from you, nor to change it.

Until His statement,


إِنَّ عَذَابَ رَبِّكَ كَانَ مَحْذُورًا
Indeed, the punishment of your Lord is ever feared. (al-Isr 17/56-57)[5]

A group from amongst the Salaf said, A group of people directed Du to al-Mash (s) Alayhis Salm, Uzayr Alayhis Salm, and the angels. So Allh told them: These are My slaves as you are My slaves, they seek My mercy as you seek My mercy, and they fear My punishment as you fear it.

When the Mumin knows that these people who Raslullh Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam fought with and declared Takfr upon knew Allh, feared Him, and hoped from Him, however, they only made Du to these things (other than Him), only to come closer to Him and for intercession, and while knowing what we mentioned, this became Kufr to Allh; he should know if he is following the Rasl Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam, that the thing that is compulsory upon him is being distant from Shirk, devoting the Dn entirely to Allh, denying these actions, declaring Takfr upon those who act by it, rejecting those who are upon these acts, having hatred and enmity for it, and waging Jihd until the Dn in its entirety becomes for Allh. As Allh Subhnahu wa Tal said,

قَدْ كَانَتْ لَكُمْ أُسْوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ فِي إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَالَّذِينَ مَعَهُ إِذْ قَالُوا لِقَوْمِهِمْ إِنَّا بُرَآءُ مِنْكُمْ وَمِمَّا تَعْبُدُونَ مِنْ دُونِ اللهِ
Indeed there has been an excellent example for you in Ibrhm and those with him, when they said to their people, Verily, we are free from you and whatever you worship besides Allh. (al-Mumtahinah 60/4)

It is narrated in the Hadth,


أوثق عرى الإيمان: الحب في الله، والبغض في الله
The strongest handhold of mn is loving for Allh and hating for Allh.[6]

It is also narrated in the Hadth,


المرء على دين خليله، فلينظر أحدكم من يخالل
Man is upon the religion of his friend. So, each one of you should be weary of who he befriends.[7]

Do not verify anyone except with what you hear, or what he related to you without lying. Verify when a news reaches you about a person before you reject him, especially if you know that he loves the Dn, (lives) accordingly with the Dn, and strives in it. Allh is al-Hd (the Guider), and all praise is due to Allh, the Lord of the universe
 1. Ad-Durarus Saniyyah fil Ajwibatin Najdiyyah, 1/144-146.
 
 2. The yah in full reads,

قُلْ مَنْ يَرْزُقُكُمْ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ وَالْأَرْضِ أَمَّنْ يَمْلِكُ السَّمْعَ وَالْأَبْصَارَ وَمَنْ يُخْرِجُ الْحَيَّ مِنَ الْمَيِّتِ وَيُخْرِجُ الْمَيِّتَ مِنَ الْحَيِّ وَمَنْ يُدَبِّرُ الْأَمْرَ فَسَيَقُولُونَ اللهُ فَقُلْ أَفَلَا تَتَّقُونَ
Say, Who is it that sustains you (in life) from the sky and from the earth? Or who is it that has power over hearing and sight? And who is it that brings out the living from the dead and the dead from the living? And who is it that rules and regulates all affairs? They will say, Allh. Say, Will you not then show piety (to Him)? (Ynus 10/31)
 
 3. The yt in full reads,

قُلْ لِمَنِ الْأَرْضُ وَمَنْ فِيهَا إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ سَيَقُولُونَ لِلَّهِ قُلْ أَفَلَا تَذَكَّرُونَ قُلْ مَنْ رَبُّ السَّمَاوَاتِ السَّبْعِ وَرَبُّ الْعَرْشِ الْعَظِيمِ سَيَقُولُونَ لِلَّهِ قُلْ أَفَلَا تَتَّقُونَ قُلْ مَنْ بِيَدِهِ مَلَكُوتُ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ وَهُوَ يُجِيرُ وَلَا يُجَارُ عَلَيْهِ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ سَيَقُولُونَ لِلَّهِ قُلْ فَأَنَّى تُسْحَرُونَ
Say, To whom belongs the earth and whoever is in it, if you should know? They will say, To Allh. Say, Then will you not take heed? Say, Who is the Lord of the seven heavens, and the Lord of the Great Throne? They will say, They (all) belong to Allh. Say, Then will you not fear Him? Say, Who is it in whose hands is the governance of all things, who protects (all), but is not protected (of any), if you know? They will say, They (all) belong to Allh. Say, Then how are you deluded? (al-Muminn 23/84-89)
 
 4. The yah in full reads,

وَلَئِنْ سَأَلْتَهُمْ مَنْ خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ وَسَخَّرَ الشَّمْسَ وَالْقَمَرَ لَيَقُولُنَّ اللَّهُ فَأَنَّى يُؤْفَكُونَ
If you were to ask them, Who has created the heavens and the earth and subjected the sun and the moon? They will surely reply, Allh. How then are they deviating (as polytheists and disbelievers)? (al-Ankabt 29/61)
 
 5. The yt in full reads,

قُلِ ادْعُوا الَّذِينَ زَعَمْتُمْ مِنْ دُونِهِ فَلَا يَمْلِكُونَ كَشْفَ الضُّرِّ عَنْكُمْ وَلَا تَحْوِيلًا أُولَئِكَ الَّذِينَ يَدْعُونَ يَبْتَغُونَ إِلَى رَبِّهِمُ الْوَسِيلَةَ أَيُّهُمْ أَقْرَبُ وَيَرْجُونَ رَحْمَتَهُ وَيَخَافُونَ عَذَابَهُ إِنَّ عَذَابَ رَبِّكَ كَانَ مَحْذُورًا
Say, Invoke those you have claimed (as gods) besides Him, for they do not possess the (ability to) remove harm from you, nor to change it. Those whom they invoke seek means of access to their Lord, (striving as to) which of them would be nearest, and they hope for His mercy and fear His punishment. Indeed, the punishment of your Lord is ever feared. (al-Isr 17/56-57)
 
 6. Ab Dwd at-Taylas, Musnad, Hadth no. 783; Ibnu Ab Shaybah, Musnad, Hadth no. 321; Ibnu Ab Shaybah, Musannaf, Hadth no. 30421, 30443, 34338; al-Marwaz, Tadhmu Qadris Salh, Hadth no. 399; with similar wording in Ahmad, Musnad, Hadth no. 18524.
 
 7. At-Tirmidh, Hadth no. 2378; Ab Dwd, Hadth no. 4833.
Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah Rahimahullh stated,

والعالم يعرف الجاهل؛ لأنه كان جاهلا، والجاهل لا يعرف العالم لأنه لم يكن عالما

"The lim (scholar) recognizes the Jhil (ignorant) since he was once a Jhil. The Jhil does not recognize the lim since he has never been an lim." (Shaykh'ul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majm'ul Fatw, 13/235)

 

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