دار التوحيد Dr'ul Tawhd

Author Topic: EXTOLMENTS WRITTEN REGARDING SHAYKHUL ISLM IBNU TAYMIYYAH  (Read 91 times)

Muferridn

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بِسْمِ اللّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ
Extolments Written Regarding Shaykhul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah
Ibnu Nsirid Dn ad-Dimashq, ar-Raddul Wfir

All praise is due to Allh. We praise Him, seek His help, and seek His forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allh from the evil within ourselves and our evil deeds. Whoever Allh guides, there is no one who can led him astray, and whoever Allh leads astray, then there is no one who can guide him. I bear witness there is no -true- deity -worthy of worship- except Allh, He is One and He has no partners, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and His Rasl (Messenger).

﴿يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللهَ حَقَّ تُقَاتِهِ وَلاَ تَمُوتُنَّ إِلاَّ وَأَنْتُمْ مُسْلِمُونَ.﴾ [آل عمران: 102]

O you who believe! Fear Allh as He should be feared, and die not except as Muslims.[1]

﴿يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اتَّقُوا رَبَّكُمُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ مِنْ نَفْسٍ وَاحِدَةٍ وَخَلَقَ مِنْهَا زَوْجَهَا وَبَثَّ مِنْهُمَا رِجَالاً كَثِيرًا وَنِسَاءً وَاتَّقُوا اللهَ الَّذِي تَسَاءَلُونَ بِهِ وَالْأَرْحَامَ إِنَّ اللهَ كَانَ عَلَيْكُمْ رَقِيبًا.﴾ [النساء: 1]

O mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord, Who created you from a single person, and from him He created his wife, and from them both He created many men and women and fear Allh through Whom you demand your mutual (rights), and beware of severing the ties of kinship. Surely, Allh is Ever an All-Watcher over you.[2]

﴿يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللهَ وَقُولُوا قَوْلاً سَدِيدًا۞ يُصْلِحْ لَكُمْ أَعْمَالَكُمْ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ وَمَنْ يُطِعِ اللهَ وَرَسُولَهُ فَقَدْ فَازَ فَوْزًا عَظِيمًا.﴾[الأحزاب: 71-70]

O you who believe! Keep your duty to Allh and fear Him, and speak the truth. He will set your deeds right and forgive your sins. And whoever obeys Allh and His Messenger, has truly achieved a great triumph.[3]

Amm Bad (to Proceed):

Verily, the most truthful speech is the Kalmullh (Speech of Allh), the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam. The worst of affairs are the newly invented matters. Every newly invented matter is a Bidah (religious innovation), and every Bidah is a Dallah (misguidance), and every misguidance is in the Nr (Hellfire).[4]

Umar Ibnul Khattb Radiyallhu Anh once said in a Khutbah,

All praise is due to Allh, who has bestowed favours upon his slaves in the times of Fatrah (times when no prophet is around) remainders of people of knowledge who call the misguided to guidance, show patience towards their harms, and revive the blind with the Book of Allh. How many people killed by Ibls did the people of knowledge revive, and how many misguided lost people have they guided. They sacrificed their blood and wealth so that the servants (of Allh) do not perish. How good is the influence of the people of knowledge on people, and how evil is the impact of people upon them! From the past onwards, these people have been slaughtering the people of knowledge by means of penalties and the likes. However, your Lord did not forget them


﴿وَمَا كَانَ رَبُّكَ نَسِيًّا.﴾ [مريم: ٦٤]

And never is your Lord forgetful.[5]

Your Lord has made their stories guidance and has informed about the beauty of their speech. Therefore, do not fail to reach them. For they are in a high rank, even if they are prone to the most heinous of attacks.[6]

Shaykhul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah Rahimahullh is amongst these great scholars. We can sum the trials of Ibnu Taymiyyah Rahimahullh and the book ar-Raddul Wfir authored by Ibnu Nsirid Dn ad-Dimashq as follows:

Shaykhul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah Rahimahullh lived in an era wherein the strangeness of Islm had increased, ignorance had prevailed, lying, tricking, and betrayal was the norm, and thus, the people of his era could not tolerate, or as the phrase goes, could not stomach a person representing the knowledge, pure beliefs, and pure Akhlq (morals) of the Salaf. The Muhaddithn and scholars who lived in the very end of the era of the Salaf, particularly Imm Ahmad bin Hanbal, were accused with the same things Ibnu Taymiyyah was accused with; they were accused with Tajsm and Tashbh, went through trials, and were accused with Kufr and Riddah (apostasy) by the rulers and judges of their era. Therefore, it should be of no surprise that Ibnu Taymiyyah was accused with similar things by similar people.

When the Imms of Islm is mentioned nearly all the names that come to mind, namely, the Imms of Fiqh, Hadth, and Tafsr, went through various trials and accusations by the rulers and judges of their eras, thus it should also be of no surprise Ibnu Taymiyyah went through similar trials. The situation is just how the Hanaf Jurist and Muhaddith, Badrud Dn al-Ayn (d. 855H) described it,

He (the defamer) is nothing other than the like of the dung beetle that dies right after smelling roses and the bat who is annoyed by the rays of light because of its bad and weak sight. Those who defame him do not have the right to criticize, nor do they have an opinion that is radiant (significant). These are only Salqa, Balqa, and Selqa. Those amongst them who declare Takfr upon him are Salmaah bin Qalmaah, Hayyn bin Bayyn, Hay bin Bay, Sal bin Dhal, and Dhall bin Tall (they are unknown people).[7]

Therefore, whoever says that he is a Kfir, he himself is the actual Kfir. Whoever accuses him of heresy, he himself is a heretic. How is this possible while his books are widespread and there is no reference of him being deviant and departing (from the right course) therein?

Badrud Dn al-Ayn mentioned this in his extolment to Ibnu Nsirid Dn ad-Dimashq (d. 842H)s book ar-Raddul Wfir.[8] This book was written in refutation to Alud Dn al-Bukhr (d. 841H)[9], who declared Takfr upon Ibnu Taymiyyah Rahimahullh and alleged that the one who entitled him Shaykhul Islm is a Kfir, listing around 90 scholars who praised and exalted Ibnu Taymiyyah.

Whilst this is the testimony for Ibnu Taymiyyah Rahimahullh from the prominent people whom the Ummah of Islm raised, the negative statements of a few people who ascribe themselves to knowledge will not defame him. Likewise, the attack of some fanatics who do not have any share of knowledge, because he did not concur with their Madhhab will not be taken into consideration.

Therefore, due to the significance of this issue, we chose to present to the readers, the translation of various praises and compliments by scholars from different Madhhib found in the extolments regarding Ibnu Taymiyyah, in ar-Raddul Wfir, written by Ibnu Nsirud Dn ad-Dimashq.

The endeavour is from us, and success is from Allh
 1. l-i Imrn 3/102.
 
 2. An-Nis 4/1.
 
 3. Al-Ahzb 33/70-71.
 
 4. This Du' (prayer) which Shaykhul Islm Ibnu Taymiyyah Rahimahullh accounted as a knot between the Islmic system and mn (Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majmul Fatw, 14/223) which is known as Khutbatul Hjah (The Sermon of Necessity) was recited by Raslullah Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam during the beginning of his Jumuah Khutbah (Friday Sermon). Various portions of this renown Khutbah has been narrated with different wordings in an-Nas, Hadth no: 3278; Muslim, Hadth no: 868; Ab Dwd, Hadth no: 2118; at-Tirmidh, Hadth no: 1105, and in other compilations of Hadth.
 
 5. Maryam 19/64.
 
 6. Ibnul Qayyim, Jilul Afhm, p. 415-416; Ibnu Waddh, al-Bida, p. 26-27 Hadth no. 3.
 
 7. As mentioned by Ibnu Mandhr, these are names given to people whose name and fathers name is unknown. (Lisnul Arab, 8/206) These resemble the Joe Shmoe/John Doe of the English language.
 
 8. Ibnu Nsirid Dn ad-Dimashq, ar-Raddul Wfir, p. 260-262.
 
 9. According to what the verifier of ar-Raddul Wfir mentioned in the introduction, this man Alud Dn al-Bukhr (d. 841H) was a student of Sadud Dn at-Taftazn and a fanatic Hanaf.
Raslullh Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam said,

The Muferridn are the males and females who remember Allh much. (Muslim, Hadth no. 2676)

The Muferridn are those who absorb themselves in the remembrance of Allh. The remembrance removed their heavy burdens from them, so they will come on the Day of Judgement being light (in weight of their burdens). (at-Tirmidh, Hadth no. 3596)

Muferridn

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Re: EXTOLMENTS WRITTEN REGARDING SHAYKHUL ISLM IBNU TAYMIYYAH
« Reply #1 on: 23.03.2021, 04:52:12 AM »

Ibnu Hajar al-Asqaln[1]

The extolment of the Amrul Muminn in Hadth, Allmah, Ibnu Hajar ash-Shfi is as follows:

All praise is due to Allh. May peace be upon His slaves whom He has chosen.

I came across this beneficial book, a compilation which encompasses the reasons behind its compilation. Thereby, I realized the scholarship of the Imm who authored it and his mastery in the beneficial knowledge which exalts and honours him among the scholars.

The eminence of Shaykh Taqiyyud Dns Immate is more prominent than the sun. His given title Shaykhul Islm in his era still flows upon the pure tongues today, and it will continue tomorrow as it did yesterday. No one can deny this except for the one who is ignorant of his status or refrains from justice. How rude is he who engages in this and increases his own errors! Allhu Tal is the one who is sought, with His bounty and His virtue, to secure us from the evils within ourselves and the labour of our tongues.

What the renowned Hfidh Alamud Dn al-Birzl indicated in his Trkh about the lack of any other Janzah (funeral prayer) in Islm greater in the amount of people gathered for the Janzah of Shaykh Taqiyyud Dn, would suffice as evidence if there had not been any other evidence to the Immate of this man. He pointed out that the Janzah of Imm Ahmad was jam-packed; hundreds of thousands of people witnessed it. However, if there was the same amount of people living in Baghdad found in Damascus, or a few more times as much, not even one of them would delay witnessing his Janzah. Also in contrast to the state of Ibnu Taymiyyah, all of the people of Baghdad -except for a minority- believed in the Immate of Imm Ahmad, the governor of Baghdad and the Caliph of his time were in the pinnacle of love and respect for him. When Ibnu Taymiyyah died, the governor of the land was absent; most of the Fuqah of the land were opposing him, so-much-so that he died as a prisoner in the citadel. But with this, no one except for three people -who hindered due to fearing for themselves from the laymen- stayed behind from attending his Janzah, asking mercy for him, and feeling sorrow for his death.

Despite the attendance of this large crowd, nothing motivated them to do this, not a sultan nor any other assembling them, but their belief in the Immate of Ibnu Taymiyyah and his blessing. It is authentic that the Nab Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam said the following,


أَنْتُمْ شُهَدَاءُ اللّٰهِ فِي الأَرْضِ.
You are the witnesses of Allh upon the earth.[2]

A group of scholars turned against Shaykh Taqiyyud Dn a few times because of some things they did not accept from the Usl and Fur. Because of this, a few gatherings were convoked in Cairo and Damascus. But still, a Fatw (religious verdict) regarding him being a heretic was not recorded to be issued by any one of them, nor was it recorded that they ruled his blood to be shed (killed); despite increase of the fanatics in that time frame rising from the officials of that country against him, to the extent that he was imprisoned in Cairo, then in Alexandria. But with this, all of them acknowledged his scholarship and the abundance of his devoutness and asceticism. They described him with generosity, courage, and other than this from him undertaking help to Islm and calling to Allhu Tal in public and in private.

Therefore, how can a person not rebuke the one who claims Ibnu Taymiyyah is a Kfir? Even, those who name the ones who call him Shaykhul Islm Kfir Whereas, labelling him with this name does not necessitate Kufr. For verily, he is undoubtedly a Shaykh in Islm. He did not state the issues he was criticized of were due to desires, nor did he insist upon his statement after the evidences were preached out of stubbornness. These are his books, filled with refutations to those who profess Tajsm and freeing himself from it. But with this, he is a human being; he errs and hits the mark. The matters which he hits the mark which is more (than the issues he erred in) will be benefited from and because of it, forgiveness will be asked for him. And in the matters he erred, he will not be blind followed. Rather, Ibnu Taymiyyah is excused. For, the Imms of his era testified for him that the materials required for Ijtihd was gathered in him. Even the most fanatic against him and the one most prone to harm him who is Shaykh Kamlud Dn az-Zamlakn gave testimony in his favour with this. Likewise, Shaykh Sadrud Dn Ibnul Wakl, whom is the only one affirmed to have debated with Ibnu Taymiyyah, gave testimony in his favour with this.

From amongst the most astonishing of astonishing affairs is that Ibnu Taymiyyah was from the harshest amongst the people to rise against the people of Bidah from the Rawfidh, Hulliyyah, and Ittihdiyyah. His books regarding this are renowned plenty. His Fatw regarding them are innumerable. Oh, what a pity to their pleasure when they hear Ibnu Taymiyyahs Kufr! Oh, what a pity to their happiness when they see those who declare Takfr upon those who do not declare Takfr upon Ibnu Taymiyyah!

What is obligatory upon those who are involved in knowledge and possess a sane mind is to ponder upon Ibnu Taymiyyah through his renowned books, or through the sayings of those who are trustworthy from the people of transmission. This way, what is rejected will be distinguished. Therefore, with the intention of admonition, people will be warned from it. As with other scholars, he will be complimented with his virtues in what he hit the mark with pertaining to these issues.

If Shaykh Taqiyyud Dn did not have any outstanding virtue other than his renowned student, the owner of diverse beneficial books which both those who agree and those who disagree benefit from, Shaykh Shamsud Dn Ibnu Qayyim al-Jawziyyah, this would be a pinnacle in alluding to the greatness of his status.

How can this not be whilst he being in the forefront in knowledge and his distinction in understanding what is spoken and what is comprehended was witnessed by the Imms of his era from amongst the Shfiiyyah and others, let alone the Hanbilah.

Alongside all of these, attention will not be paid to those who discharge Kufr onto him or those who call him Shaykhul Islm. Nor will Ibnu Taymiyyah be dislocated from his status due to this. On the contrary, such person must be prevented from this until he turns to the truth and submits to the accurate statement.

Allh is the one who says the truth and guides to the correct path. Allh is sufficient for us, and He is the best Disposer of affairs!

[May Allh extend his stay in this world, the description of Ibnu Hajars script:]

Ahmad bin Al bin Muhammad bin Hajar ash-Shfi, may Allh pardon him, said and wrote this -whilst praising Allh and sending salutations and peace upon his Messenger Muhammad and his family- on the day of Jumuah (Friday), the ninth of the Month of Rabul Awwal, in the year 835H.
 1. Ar-Raddul Wfir, p. 246-248.
 
 2. Al-Bukhr, Hadth no. 1367; Muslim, Hadth no. 949.
Raslullh Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam said,

The Muferridn are the males and females who remember Allh much. (Muslim, Hadth no. 2676)

The Muferridn are those who absorb themselves in the remembrance of Allh. The remembrance removed their heavy burdens from them, so they will come on the Day of Judgement being light (in weight of their burdens). (at-Tirmidh, Hadth no. 3596)

 

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