دار التوحيد Dâr'ul Tawhîd

Author Topic: VIRTUES OF THE QUR'AN  (Read 3137 times)

Fahm'us Salaf

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VIRTUES OF THE QUR'AN
« on: 04.12.2015, 10:06:16 PM »
فضائل القرآن
Virtues of the Qur'an
 
Shaykh'ul Islam Muhammad bin Abd'il Wahhaab (rahimahullah)

Index

باب فضائل تلاوة القرآن وتعلمه وتعليمه Chapter on the Excellence of the Tilawat (Recitation) of the Qur'an and the Virtues of its Knowledge; Learning and Teaching

باب ما جاء في تقديم أهل القرآن وإكرامهم Chapter on the Excellence of the Ahl'ul Qur’an (People of the Qur'an); being preferred and honored

باب وجوب تعلم القرآن وتفهمه واستماعه والتغليظ على من ترك ذلك Chapter on the Obligation to Acquire Knowledge and Reflect upon the Qur’an and a Warning to the Heedless who Abandons the Qur'an

باب الخوف على من لم يفهم القرآن أن يكون من المنافقين Chapter on the Suspicion of Nifaq (Hypocrisy) Regarding the Heedless who does not Reflect upon the Qur'an

باب قول الله تعالى: ومنهم أميون لا يعلمون الكتاب إلا أماني الآية Chapter on the Word of Allah: "Among them are unlettered folk who know the Scripture not except from hearsay."

باب إثم من فجر بالقرآن Chapter on the Disobedience of the Qur’an

باب إثم من رايا بالقرآن Chapter on the Recitation of the Qur’an in a Hypocritical Spirit

باب إثم من تأكل بالقرآن Chapter on Making the Qur’an a Source of Livehood

باب الجفاء عن القرآن Chapter on the Faithlessness to the Qur’an

باب من ابتغى الهدى من غير القرآن Chapter on the Fate of Those Who Seek Guidance from Other Than the Qur’an

باب الغلو في القرآن Chapter on the Exaggerated Statement About the Qur’an

باب ما جاء في اتباع المتشابه Chapter on the Mandate of the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) in Respect of all Mutashabihat (Allegorical Verses)

باب وعيد من قال في القرآن برأيه وبما لا يعلم Chapter on the Admonition to those who Express their Ra'y (Opinion) in the Qur’an Without Ilm (Knowledge)

باب ما جاء في الجدال في القرآن Chapter on the Jadal (Disputation) about the Qur'anic Revelations

باب ما جاء في الاختلاف في القرآن في لفظه أو معناه Chapter on the Consequence of Ikhtilaaf (Dispute) regarding the Lafd (Words) and Meaning of the Qur’an

باب إذا اختلفتم فقوموا Chapter on the Disperse when any Difference of Opinion Arises

باب قول الله تعالى: ومن أظلم ممن ذكر بآيات ربه فأعرض عنها Chapter on the Fate of those who Turned away from the Revelations of Allah: "And who doth greater wrong than he who is reminded of the revelation of his Lord, then turneth from them, Lo ! We shall requite the guilty."

باب ما جاء التغني بالقرآن Chapter on the Recitation of the Qur’an Tartil (a Clear and Distinct Manner)
Whosoever desires الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah (honour, power and glory) then to Allah belong all الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah [and one can get honour, power and glory only by obeying and worshiping Allah (Alone)]. To Him ascend (all) الْكَلِمُ الطَّيِّبُ al-Kalim al-Tayyib (the goodly words), and الْعَمَلُ الصَّالِحُ al-Amal al-Saalih (the righteous deeds) exalt it (the goodly words i.e., the goodly words are not accepted by Allah unless and until they are followed by good deeds). (Fatir 35/10)

Fahm'us Salaf

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Re: The Excellent Qualities of the Qur'an
« Reply #1 on: 19.12.2015, 05:59:57 AM »
باب فضائل تلاوة القرآن وتعلمه وتعليمه
Chapter on the Tilawat (Recitation) of the Qur'an and the Virtues of its Knowledge; Learning and Teaching

Bismillahirrahmanirrahim, Allah Azza wa Jallah said:

يَرْفَعِ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مِنْكُمْ وَالَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْعِلْمَ دَرَجَاتٍ

"Allah will exalt those who believe among you, and those who have knowledge, to high ranks." (al-Mujadilah 58/11)

And the statement of Allah:


مَا كَانَ لِبَشَرٍ أَنْ يُؤْتِيَهُ اللَّهُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحُكْمَ وَالنُّبُوَّةَ ثُمَّ يَقُولَ لِلنَّاسِ كُونُوا عِبَاداً لِي مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ وَلَكِنْ كُونُوا رَبَّانِيِّينَ بِمَا كُنْتُمْ تُعَلِّمُونَ الْكِتَابَ وَبِمَا كُنْتُمْ تَدْرُسُونَ

"It is not (possible) for any human being unto whom Allah had given the Scripture and Wisdom and the Prophethood that he should afterwards have said unto mankind: Be slaves of me instead of Allah (what he said was): Be faithful servants of the Lord by virtue of your constant teaching of the Scripture and of your constant study." (Al-i Imran 3/79)

A’isha (radiyallahu anha) reported Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying:


"الماهر بالقرآن مع السفرة الكرام البررة، والذي يقرأ القرآن ويتتعتع فيه وهو عليه شاق له أجران"

"One who is skilled in the Qur’an is associated with the noble, upright recording angels; and he who falters when reciting the Qur’an and finds it difficult for him will have a double reward."1

The following tradition is also reported in Sahih al-Bukhari from Uthman (radiyallahu anh) that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:


"خيركم من تعلم القرآن وعلّمه"

"The best amongst you is he who learns the Qur’an and teaches it."

It was narrated by Muslim from Abu Umamah (radiyallahu anh) said that he heard Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:


"اقرؤوا القرآن فإنه يأتي يوم القيامة شفيعا لأصحابه. اقرؤوا الزهراوين: البقرة وسورة آل عمران؛ فإنهما تأتيان يوم القيامة كأنهما غمامتان، أو كأنهما غيايتان، أو كأنهما فرقان من طير صواف تحاجان عن أصحابهما، اقرأوا سورة البقرة فإن أخذها بركة، وتركها حسرة ولا تستطيعها البطلة".

"Recite the Qur’an, for on the Day of Resurrection it will come as an intercessor for those who recite it. Recite the two shinning ones Surah al-Baqarah and Surah Al-i Imran, for on the Day of Resurrection they will come as two clouds or two shades, or two flocks of birds in ranks pleading for those who recite them. Recite Surah al-Baqarah, for reciting it produces blessing and abandoning it produces regret, and the slothful are unable to recite it."2

Narrated from an-Nawwas Ibn Sam’an (radiyallahu anh) that he heard Nabi (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying:


"يؤتى بالقرآن يوم القيامة وأهله الذين كانوا يعملون به، تقدمه سورة البقرة وآل عمران. وضرب لهما رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ثلاثة أمثال ما نسيتهن بعد، قال: "كأنهما غمامتان أو ظلتان سوداوان بينهما شرق، أو كأنهما حزقان من طير صواف، تحاجان

"On the Day of Resurrection the Qur’an and those who acted according to it will be brought with Surah al-Baqarah and Surah Al-i lmran preceding them. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) likened them to three things, which I did not forget afterwards. He (the Prophet) likened them to two clouds or two black canopies with light between them, or like two flocks of birds in ranks pleading for one who recited them."3

And (Abdullah) Ibn Mas’ud (radiyallahu anh) reported Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) saying:


"من قرأ حرفا من كتاب الله فله به حسنة، والحسنة بعشر أمثالها. لا أقول حرف ولكن ألف حرف، ولام حرف، وميم حرف" (الم)

"If anyone recites a letter of the Qur’an, he will be credited with a good deed, and a good deed gets a tenfold reward. I do not say that A (alif). L (lam). M (mim) are one letter, But alif is a letter lam is a letter and mim is a letter." Tirmidhi transmitted it, saying that this is a, Hasan Sahih Hadith.4

Abdullah Ibn Amr (radiyallahu anh) reported as a Sahih that Nabi (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:


"يقال لصاحب القرآن: اقرأ وارتق، ورتل كما كنت ترتل في الدنيا، فإن منزلتك عند آخر آية تقرأ بها"

"On the Day of Judgment it will be said to the reciters of the Qur’an: Go on reciting the Qur’an and continue ascending the storeys of Jannah (paradise) and in measure you had been reading in worldly life; your final abode will be where you reach at the time of the last Ayat (verse) of your recitation."5

(Imam) Ahmad narrated a similar tradition from Abu Sa’id (radiyallahu anh) and it is as follow:


"فيقرأ ويصعد بكل آية درجة، حتى يقرأ آخر شيء معه"

"He will go on ascending and for every Verse Allah will exalt him to one step higher in the ranks till he reads the last Verse."6

Again Ahmad reported a Marfu Hadith from Burayda (radiyallahu anh):


"تعلموا سورة البقرة"

"Obtain the knowledge of Surah al-Baqarah."7

And after the above directive similar words are repeated as Sahih which have been narrated earlier in the preceding pages while describing the virtues of Surah al-Baqarah and Surah Ali-i Imran. However this tradition contains the following additional words:

"وإن القرآن يلقى صاحبه يوم القيامة حين ينشق عنه قبره كالرجل الشاحب، فيقول له: هل تعرفني؟ فيقول: ما أعرفك. فيقول له: هل تعرفني؟ فيقول: ما أعرفك، فيقول: أنا صاحبك القرآن الذي أظمأتك في الهواجر، وأسهرت ليلك، وإن كل تاجر من وراء تجارته، وإنك اليوم من وراء كل تجارة. فيعطى الملك بيمينه، والخلد بشماله، ويوضع على رأسه تاج الوقار، ويكسا والداه حلتين لا يقوم لهما أهل الدنيا، فيقولان: بم كسينا هذه؟ فيقال: بأخذ ولدكما القرآن. ثم يقال له: اقرأ واصعد في درجة الجنة وغرفها، فهو في صعود ما دام يقرأ هذًا كان أو ترتيلا".

"On the Day of Resurrection the Qur’an will appear in the guise of a lean human being and will say: Do you recognize me? He will reply: No, I do not recognize you. The Qur’an will say: I am your companion, the Qur’an who kept you thirsty in the scorching heat and awake at night. Every trader expects to be benefited from his articles of trade and today you are under the shade of your all kinds of articles of trade. Then he will be given kingship in his right hand and the warrant permission for entry into Paradise in his left hand. He will be made to wear the crown of respect and dignity. His parents will be made to wear two silky robes. The worldly people did not attach any importance to them. They will ask: Why they have been made to wear this dress?” They will be told that your son obtained knowledge of the Qur’an. Then his son will be asked to start recitation of the Qur’an, and for every Verse (Ayat) read by the child, status of the parents will be raised to the next higher grade of the Jannah till the recitation of the Qur’an is completed."8

Anas (radiyallahu anh) reported that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:


"Those who act upon the Injunctions of the Qur’an are the favorites and friends of Allah."9 and Nasa’i transmitted it.10


Footnotes:


Quote
1- Bukhari, #4937; Muslim, #798; Tirmidhi, #2904; Abu Dawud, #1454; Ibn Ma'jah, #3779; Darimi, #3368; Ahmad, Musnad, 6/48, 6/94, 6/98, 6/110, 6/170, 6/192, 6/239, 6/266

2- Bukhari, #5027; Tirmidhi, #2907-2908; Abu Dawud, #1452; Ibn Ma'jah, #211; Darimi; #3338; Ahmad, Musnad, 1/57, 158/ 169

3- Muslim, 2/197-198; Tirmidhi, 8/98-99; Darimi, 5/451, 455; Ahmad, Musnad, 5/348

4- Tirmidhi, 8/115-116; Darimi, 2/429

5- Abu Dawud, 28153; Ahmad, Musnad, 2/192

6- Ibn Ma'jah, 2/1242; Ahmad, Musnad, 3/40

7- Darimi, 2/450-451; İbn Ma'jah, 2/1242; Ahmad, Musnad, 5/348, 352

8- Darimi, #3391; Ahmad, Musnad, 5/348

9- Ibn Ma'jah, #215; Darimi, #3326; Ahmad, Musnad, 3/127, 3/242; Ahmad, Musnad, 3/127, 3/128, 2242

10- Nasai; Ibn Ma'jah, 1/76
Whosoever desires الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah (honour, power and glory) then to Allah belong all الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah [and one can get honour, power and glory only by obeying and worshiping Allah (Alone)]. To Him ascend (all) الْكَلِمُ الطَّيِّبُ al-Kalim al-Tayyib (the goodly words), and الْعَمَلُ الصَّالِحُ al-Amal al-Saalih (the righteous deeds) exalt it (the goodly words i.e., the goodly words are not accepted by Allah unless and until they are followed by good deeds). (Fatir 35/10)

Fahm'us Salaf

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Re: The Excellent Qualities of the Qur'an
« Reply #2 on: 21.12.2015, 05:29:02 AM »
باب ما جاء في تقديم أهل القرآن وإكرامهم
Chapter on the Excellence of the Ahl'ul Qur’an (People of the Qur'an); being preferred and honored

Members of the Advisory Council of (the second Caliph of Islam) Umar (radiyallahu anh), were always the ‘Qurra (those memorized the Qur'an)’ whether they are old or of young age.

It was narrated from Abi1 Mas'ud that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:


"يؤم القوم اقرؤهم لكتاب الله. فإن كانوا في القراءة سواء فأعلمهم بالسنة. فإن كانوا في السنة سواء فأقدمهم هجرة. فإن كانوا في الهجرة سواء فأقدمهم سنا"

"Anyone who is most versed in Kitabullah (Allah’s Book) should act as an Imam for the people; but if they are equally versed in reciting it, then the one who has most knowledge regarding the Sunnah; if they are equal regarding the Sunnah, then the earliest of them to Hijrah (emigrate); if they emigrated at the same time then the oldest of them."2

And in the narration of Salman (radiyallahu anh) it was stated:


"ولا يؤمن الرجل الرجل في سلطانه، ولا يقعد في بيته على تكرمته إلا بإذنه"

"No man must lead another in Salat (daily prayers) where the latter is Sultan (has authority), or sit in his place of honor in his house, without his permission." Muslim transmitted it.3

Bukhari transmitted from Jabir (radiyallahu anh) that he said:


"بين الرجلين من قتلى أُحد (في ثوب واحد) ثم يقول: أيهم أكثر أخذًا للقرآن؟ فإذا أشير له إلى أحدهما قدمه في اللحد". أنه صلى الله عليه وسلم كان يجمع

"(Rasulullah) sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had each pair of those killed at the Ghazwa (Battle) of Uhud wrapped in a single garment and asked which of them knew more of the Qur’an. When one of them was pointed out to him, he had him put first in the side of grave."4

Abu Musa Ash’ari (radiyallahu anh) reported Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying:


"إن من إجلال الله إكرام ذي الشيبة المسلم، وحامل القرآن غير الغالي فيه والجافي عنه، وإكرام ذي السلطان"

"The respect of a Muslim who is of an old age and a follower of the Qur’an leads to the pleasure of Allah provided the follower of the Qur’an is not a transgressor and unfaithful to the Qur’an."5 It is a Hasan Hadith and narrated by Abu Dawud.6


Footnotes:


Quote
1- It should be Ibn Mas'ud (radiyallahu anh) and not Abi Mas'ud. Wallahu A'lam (And Allah knows)!..

2- Muslim, #673; Tirmidhi, #235; Nasai, #780, #783; Abu Dawud, #582; Ibn Ma'jah, #980; Ahmad, Musnad, 4/117, 4/121, 5/272

3-  Muslim, 1/465; Nasai, 2/86; Ibn Ma'jah, 1/313-314; Ahmad, Musnad, 1/118, 1/121, 5/272

4- Bukhari, 2/80; Tirmidhi, 3/411; Ibn Ma'jah, 1/485; Nasai, 4/62; Abu Dawud, 3/501, #3138

5- Abu Dawud, #4843

6- Abu Dawud, 5/174
Whosoever desires الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah (honour, power and glory) then to Allah belong all الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah [and one can get honour, power and glory only by obeying and worshiping Allah (Alone)]. To Him ascend (all) الْكَلِمُ الطَّيِّبُ al-Kalim al-Tayyib (the goodly words), and الْعَمَلُ الصَّالِحُ al-Amal al-Saalih (the righteous deeds) exalt it (the goodly words i.e., the goodly words are not accepted by Allah unless and until they are followed by good deeds). (Fatir 35/10)

Fahm'us Salaf

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Re: The Excellent Qualities of the Qur'an
« Reply #3 on: 23.12.2015, 02:35:31 AM »
باب وجوب تعلم القرآن وتفهمه واستماعه والتغليظ على من ترك ذلك
Chapter on the Obligation to Acquire Knowledge and Reflect upon the Qur’an and a Warning to the Heedless who Abandons the Qur'an

The statement of Allah Ta'ala:

وَجَعَلْنَا عَلَى قُلُوبِهِمْ أَكِنَّةً أَنْ يَفْقَهُوهُ وَفِي آذَانِهِمْ وَقْراً

"And We place upon their hearts veils lest they should understand it, and in their ears a deafness." (al-Isra 17/46; al-An'am 6/25)

And Allah Ta'ala says:


إِنَّ شَرَّ الدَّوَابِّ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ الصُّمُّ الْبُكْمُ الَّذِينَ لا يَعْقِلُونَ

"Lo! the worst of beasts in Allah’s sight are the deaf, the dumb who have no sense." (al-Anfal 8/22)

Again His statement:


وَمَنْ أَعْرَضَ عَنْ ذِكْرِي فَإِنَّ لَهُ مَعِيشَةً ضَنْكاً

"But he who turneth away from remembrance of Me, his will be a narrow life, and I shell bring him blind to the assembly on the Day of Resurrection." (Ta-Ha 20/124) and other Ayaat (pl., Ayat; verses)...

It was reported from Abu Musa Ash’ari (radiyallahu anh) that Nabi (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

مثل ما بعثني الله به من الهدى والعلم كمثل الغيث الكثير أصاب أرضا، فكان منها نقية قبلت الماء فأنبتت الكلأ والعشب الكثير. وكانت منها أجادب أمسكت الماء فنفع الله بها الناس، فشربوا وسقوا وزرعوا. وأصاب منها طائفة أخرى إنما هي قيعان لا تمسك ماء ولا تنبت كلأ. فذلك مثل من فقه في دين الله ونفعه ما بعثني الله به، فعلم وعلّم. ومثل من لم يرفع بذلك رأسا ولم يقبل هدى الله الذي أرسلت به

"The similitude of that guidance and knowledge with which Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, has sent me is that of rain falling upon the earth. There is a good piece of land which receives the rainfall (eagerly) and as a result of it there is grown in it herbage and grass abundantly. Then there is a land hard and barren which retains water and the people derive benefit from it and they drink it and make the animals drink. Then there is another land which is barren. Neither water is retained in it, nor is the grass grown in it. And that is the similitude of the first one who develops the understanding of the Religion of Allah and it becomes a source of benefit to him with which Allah sent me. (The second one is that) who acquires the knowledge of religion and imparts it to others. (Then the other type is) one does not pay attention to (the revealed knowledge) and thus does not accept guidance of Allah with which I have been sent." Bukhari and Muslim transmitted it.1

It was reported from (Abdullah) Ibn Umar (radiyallahu anhuma ajmain) that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:


ارحموا ترحموا، واغفروا يغفر الله لكم. ويل لأقماع القول ويل للمصرين الذين يصرون على ما فعلوا وهم يعلمون

"Be merciful to others so that others will be merciful to you. Forgive when others wrong thee and Allah will forgive you your sins. There is destruction for a man in whose words and deeds exists contradiction and also for those who persist upon their deeds willfully." Ahmad transmitted it.2


Footnotes:


Quote
1- Bukhari, 1/22-23; Muslim, 4/1787-1788; Ahmad, 4/399; Ibn Hibban, 1/3

2- Ahmad, Musnad, 2/165, 2/219
Whosoever desires الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah (honour, power and glory) then to Allah belong all الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah [and one can get honour, power and glory only by obeying and worshiping Allah (Alone)]. To Him ascend (all) الْكَلِمُ الطَّيِّبُ al-Kalim al-Tayyib (the goodly words), and الْعَمَلُ الصَّالِحُ al-Amal al-Saalih (the righteous deeds) exalt it (the goodly words i.e., the goodly words are not accepted by Allah unless and until they are followed by good deeds). (Fatir 35/10)

Fahm'us Salaf

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Re: The Excellent Qualities of the Qur'an
« Reply #4 on: 25.12.2015, 02:39:05 AM »
باب الخوف على من لم يفهم القرآن أن يكون من المنافقين
Chapter on the Suspicion of Nifaq (Hypocrisy) Regarding the Heedless who does not Reflect upon the Qur'an

The statement of Allah Ta'ala:

وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ يَسْتَمِعُ إِلَيْكَ حَتَّى إِذَا خَرَجُوا مِنْ عِنْدِكَ

"Among them are some who give ear unto thee (Muhammad) till, when they go forth from thy presence." (Muhammad 47/16)

And the statement of Allah Azza wa Jalla:


وَلَقَدْ ذَرَأْنَا لِجَهَنَّمَ كَثِيراً مِنَ الْجِنِّ وَالْأِنْسِ لَهُمْ قُلُوبٌ لا يَفْقَهُونَ بِهَا

"Already have We urged unto hell many of the jinn and human-kind, having hearts wherewith they understand not." (al-A'raf 7/179)

It was narrated from Asma (radiyallahu anha) that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:


إنكم تفتنون في قبوركم مثل أو قريب ا من فتنة الدجال؛ يؤتى أحدكم [فيقال: ما علمك بهذا الرجل؟ فأما المؤمن أو الموقن، لا أدري أي ذلك قالت أسماء] فيقول: هو محمد رسول الله جاءنا بالبينات والهدى، فأجبنا وآمنا واتبعنا. فيقال: نم صالحا فقد علمنا إن كنت لمؤمنا. وأما المنافق أو المرتاب فيقول: لا أدري. سمعت الناس يقولون شيئا فقلته".

"You will be put to trials in your graves and these trials will be like the trials of ad-Dajjal. You will be asked: What do you know about this man (i.e., the Prophet Muhammad). [So it is said: What knowledge do you have about this man? Asma said: I do not know was it Mu’min (believer) or Muqin (one who has certainty).] Then the faithful believer will reply: He is Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam), Rasulullah (Allah’s Messenger) who had come to us with clear evidences and guidance and so we accepted his teachings, we believed them and followed him. Then the angels will say to him: Sleep in peace as we have come to know that you were a Mu'min (faithful believer). On the other hand, a Munafiq (hypocrite) of suspicious nature will reply, I do not know, (but) I heard the people saying something and so I said it (the same)." Bukhari and Muslim transmitted it.1

In another Sahih Hadith (sound tradition) it was reported by Bara (ibn Azib), the words are as follows:


"أن المؤمن يقول: هو رسول الله، فيقولان: قرأت كتاب الله فآمنت به وصدقت"

"A believer will reply that he is Rasulullah (Allah’s Messenger). Both (the Angels) will say: You read Kitaabullah (Allah’s Book; Qur'an), believed in it. Indeed you have spoken the truth."2


Footnotes:


Quote
1- Bukhari, 1/23-24; 1/40-41

2- Abu Dawud, #4753
Whosoever desires الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah (honour, power and glory) then to Allah belong all الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah [and one can get honour, power and glory only by obeying and worshiping Allah (Alone)]. To Him ascend (all) الْكَلِمُ الطَّيِّبُ al-Kalim al-Tayyib (the goodly words), and الْعَمَلُ الصَّالِحُ al-Amal al-Saalih (the righteous deeds) exalt it (the goodly words i.e., the goodly words are not accepted by Allah unless and until they are followed by good deeds). (Fatir 35/10)

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Re: The Excellent Qualities of the Qur'an
« Reply #5 on: 27.12.2015, 05:19:24 PM »
باب قول الله تعالى: ومنهم أميون لا يعلمون الكتاب إلا أماني الآية
Chapter on the Word of Allah Ta'ala: "Among them are unlettered folk who know the Scripture not except from hearsay."

The statement of Allah Ta'ala:

وَمِنْهُمْ أُمِّيُّونَ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ الْكِتَابَ إِلَّا أَمَانِيَّ

"Among them are unlettered folk who know the Scripture not except from hearsay (vain desires)." (al-Baqarah 2/71)

And His statement:


مَثَلُ الَّذِينَ حُمِّلُوا التَّوْرَاةَ ثُمَّ لَمْ يَحْمِلُوهَا كَمَثَلِ الْحِمَارِ يَحْمِلُ أَسْفَاراً

"The likeness of those who are entrusted with the Law of Moses, yet apply it not, is as the likeness of the ass carrying books." (al-Jumu'ah 62/5)

Abi'd Darda (radiyallahu anh) reported that:


كنا مع النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فشخص ببصره إلى السماء، ثم قال: هذا أوان يختلس العلم من الناس حتى لا يقدروا منه على شيء. فقال زياد بن لبيد الأنصاري: كيف يختلس منا وقد قرأنا القرآن؟ فوالله لنقرأنه ولنقرئنه نساءنا وأبناءنا فقال: ثكلتك أمك يا زياد إن كنت لأعدك من فقهاء المدينة. هذه التوراة والإنجيل عند اليهود والنصارى فماذا تغني عنهم؟.

"We were in the company of Nabi (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) when he raised his sight to the sky, then he said: This is the time when knowledge is to be taken from the people, until what remains of it shall not amount to anything. So Ziyad ibn Labid al-Ansari said: How will it be taken from us while we recite the Qur'an. By Allah we recite it, and our women and children recite it? He (i.e., the Prophet) said: May you be bereaved of your mother O Ziyad! I used to consider you among the Fuqaha (pl., Faqih; jurists) of the people of al-Madinah. The Tawrah (Torah) and Injil (Bible) are with the Jews and Christians, but what do they avail of them?" Tirmidhi transmitted it, saying this is a Hasan Gharib Hadith.1

Aishah (radiyallahu anha) reported that:


أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لما أنزل عليه: {إِنَّ فِي خَلْقِ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَاخْتِلافِ اللَّيْلِ وَالنَّهَارِ} ? إلى قوله: {سُبْحَانَكَ فَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ} قال: ويل لمن قرأ هذه الآية ولم يتفكر فيها

"When the following verses; from the Ayah: "Behold! In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the alternation of night and day..." to the Ayah: "...Glory to Thee! Give us salvation from the Chastisement of the Fire." (Al-i Imran 3/190-191) was revealed to Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam), he (i.e., the Prophet) said: There is a destruction for a person who recited this verse but did not ponder over it." Ibn Hibban transmitted it in his book Sahih.


Footnotes:


Quote
1- Tirmidhi, 7/304; Darimi, 1/77
Whosoever desires الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah (honour, power and glory) then to Allah belong all الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah [and one can get honour, power and glory only by obeying and worshiping Allah (Alone)]. To Him ascend (all) الْكَلِمُ الطَّيِّبُ al-Kalim al-Tayyib (the goodly words), and الْعَمَلُ الصَّالِحُ al-Amal al-Saalih (the righteous deeds) exalt it (the goodly words i.e., the goodly words are not accepted by Allah unless and until they are followed by good deeds). (Fatir 35/10)

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Re: The Excellent Qualities of the Qur'an
« Reply #6 on: 29.12.2015, 05:01:15 PM »
باب إثم من فجر بالقرآن
Chapter on the Disobedience of the Qur’an

And the statement of Allah Ta'ala:

وَمَا يُضِلُّ بِهِ إِلَّا الْفَاسِقِينَ

"And He misleadeth thereby only miscreants." (al-Baqarah 2/26)

Again the statement of Allah:


وَمَنْ لَمْ يَحْكُمْ بِمَا أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ فَأُولَئِكَ هُمُ الْكَافِرُونَ

"Who so judgeth not by that which Allah hath revealed: such are disbelievers." (al-Ma'idah 5/44)

And the statement of Allah:


إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَكْتُمُونَ مَا أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ مِنَ الْكِتَابِ وَيَشْتَرُونَ بِهِ ثَمَناً قَلِيلاً

"Lo! those who hide aught of the Scripture which Allah hath revealed, and purchase a small gain therewith, they eat into their bellies nothing else than fire." (al-Baqarah 2/174)

Abi Sa’id al-Khudri (radiyallahu anh) reported that he heard Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:


"يخرج في هذه الأمة - ولم يقل منها - قوم تحقرون صلاتكم مع صلاتهم يقرؤون القرآن لا يجاوز حناجرهم وحلوقهم، يمرقون من الدين مروق السهم من الرمية، فينظر إلى نصله إلى رصافه، فيتمارى في فوقه، هل علق به من الدم شيء"

"There will appear in this nation -he did not say: from this nation- a group of people so pious apparently that you will consider your prayers inferior to their prayers, but they will recite the Qur'an, the teachings of which will not go beyond their throats and will go out of their religion as an arrow darts through the game."1

Another version is:


"يقرؤون القرآن رطبا"

"They will recite the Qur’an in a melodious tone."2

(Abdullah) ibn Umar (radiyallahu anhuma ajmain) declared them the worst type of creatures and said:


"إنهم انطلقوا إلى آيات نزلت في الكفار فجعلوها على المؤمنين"

"They will apply the revealed Ayaat (verses) concerning Kuffar (infidels) over the Mu’minin (believers)." Tirmidhi transmitted it.3

Abu Hurayrah (radiyallahu anh) reported Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying:


"من سئل عن علم فكتمه، ألجمه الله يوم القيامة بلجام من نار"

"Whoever are questioned about knowledge and hide it (knowingly), shall be bridled with a bridle of fire by Allah on Yawm'il Qiyamah (the Day of Resurrection)."4


Footnotes:


Quote
1- Bukhari, #6931; Muslim, #1064; Nasai, #2578; #4101; Abu Dawud, #4764; Ahmad, Musnad, 3/4, 3/31, 3/33, 3/56, 3/60, 3/64, 3/65, 3/68, 3/72, 3/73

2- Bukhari, 5/134; Muslim, #472

3- Tirmidhi, 7/301-302; Ibn Ma'jah, 1/97-98; Ahmad, Musnad, 2/495

4- Tirmidhi, #2649; Abu Dawud, #3658; Ibn Ma'jah, #266; Ahmad Musnad, 2/263, 2/296, 2/305, 2/344, 2/353, 2/495
Whosoever desires الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah (honour, power and glory) then to Allah belong all الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah [and one can get honour, power and glory only by obeying and worshiping Allah (Alone)]. To Him ascend (all) الْكَلِمُ الطَّيِّبُ al-Kalim al-Tayyib (the goodly words), and الْعَمَلُ الصَّالِحُ al-Amal al-Saalih (the righteous deeds) exalt it (the goodly words i.e., the goodly words are not accepted by Allah unless and until they are followed by good deeds). (Fatir 35/10)

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Re: The Excellent Qualities of the Qur'an
« Reply #7 on: 31.12.2015, 06:07:43 AM »
باب إثم من رايا بالقرآن
Chapter on the Recitation of the Qur’an in Riyaa (a Hypocritical Spirit)

Abi Hurayrah (radiyallahu anh) reported that he heard Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying:

"إن أول الناس يقضى يوم القيامة عليه رجل استشهد فأُتي به فعرّفه نعمه فعرفها قال: فما عملت فيها؟ قال: قاتلت فيك حتى استشهدت، قال: كذبت ولكنك قاتلت لأن يقال جريء فقد قيل، ثم أمر به فسحب على وجهه حتى ألقي في النار، ورجل تعلم العلم وعلمه وقرأ القرآن، فأُتي به فعرّفه نعمه فعرفها، قال: فما عملت فيها قال: تعلمت العلم وعلمته وقرأت فيك القرآن، قال: كذبت ولكنك تعلمت العلم ليقال: عالم، وقرأت القرآن ليقال: هو قارئ، فقد قيل. ثم أمر به فسحب على وجهه حتى ألقي في النار، ورجل وسّع الله عليه وأعطاه من أصناف المال كله، فأُتي به فعرّفه نعمه فعرفها، قال: فما عملت فيها، قال: ما تركت من سبيل تحب أن ينفق فيه إلا أنفقت فيه لك، قال: كذبت، ولكنك فعلت ليقال: هو جواد فقد قيل. ثم أمر به فسحب على وجهه ثم أُلقي في النار"

"The first person to be judged on Yawm'ul Qiyamah (the Day of Resurrection) will be a man who died as a Shahid (martyr). He will be brought forward, and after Allah has reminded him of the favor He showed him and the man acknowledges it, He will ask: What did you do to show gratitude for it? The man will reply: I fought for Thy cause till I was martyred. Allah will say: You lie. You fought that people might call you courageous, and they have done so. Command will then be issued about him, and he will be dragged on his face and thrown into Naar (fire i.e., Hell).

Next a man who has acquired and taught knowledge and read the Qur’an will be brought forward, and after Allah has reminded him of the favor He showed him and the man acknowledges it, He will ask: What did you do to show gratitude for it? The man will reply I acquired and taught knowledge and read the Qur’an for Thy sake. Allah will say: You lie. You acquired knowledge that people might call you learned, and you read the Qur’an that they might call you a reader, and they have done so. Command will then be issued about him, and he will be dragged on his face and thrown into Naar.

Next a man whom Allah has made affluent and whom He has given all kinds of property will be brought forward, and after Allah has reminded him of the favor He showed him and the man acknowledges it, He will ask: What did you do to show gratitude for it ? The man will reply: I have not neglected to give liberally for Thy sake to all the causes approved by Thee for this purpose. Allah will say: You lie. You did it that people might call you generous, and they have done so. Command will then be issued about him, and he will be dragged on his face and thrown into Naar." Muslim transmitted it.1


Footnotes:


Quote
1- Muslim, 3/1513; 2414; Ahmad, Musnad, 2/322
Whosoever desires الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah (honour, power and glory) then to Allah belong all الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah [and one can get honour, power and glory only by obeying and worshiping Allah (Alone)]. To Him ascend (all) الْكَلِمُ الطَّيِّبُ al-Kalim al-Tayyib (the goodly words), and الْعَمَلُ الصَّالِحُ al-Amal al-Saalih (the righteous deeds) exalt it (the goodly words i.e., the goodly words are not accepted by Allah unless and until they are followed by good deeds). (Fatir 35/10)

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Re: The Excellent Qualities of the Qur'an
« Reply #8 on: 12.01.2016, 01:01:22 AM »
باب إثم من تأكل بالقرآن
Chapter on Making the Qur’an a Source of Livehood

It was narrated from Jabir (radiyallahu anh) that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

"اقرؤوا القرآن وابتغوا به وجه الله عز وجل قبل أن يأتي يوم يقيمونه إقامة القدح يتعجلونه ولا يتأجلونه"

"Recite the Qur’an to seek the Wajh (Face) of Allah1 Azza wa Jalla before a people will come into existence who will observe formalities in the recitation of Qur’an, make haste and do not recite properly with a pause." Abu Dawud transmitted it.2

A similar tradition is reported on the authority Sahl ibn Sa’d in Sunnan of Abu Dawud. He (i.e., Sahl ibn Sa’d) said:


"أنه مر برجل يقرأ على قوم فلما فرغ سأله، فقال عمران إنا لله وإنا إليه راجعون، إني سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول: من قرأ القرآن فليسأل الله (تبارك وتعالى) ب هـ فإنه سيجيء قوم يقرؤون القرآن يسألون به الناس"

"Once Imran (radiyallahu anh) happened to pass by a preacher who recited the Qur’an and then begged of the people. Imran (radiyallahu anh) grieved to see this painful sight and recited: إنا لله وإنا إليه راجعون "Inna lillah wa inna ilayhi Raji’un (verily we belong to Allah and to Him do we return)" and then told that he had heard Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: When anyone recite the Qur’an let him ask a reward for it from Allah (Tabaraka wa Ta'ala), for shortly a people will arise who will recite the Qur’an and ask a reward for it from men." Ahmad and Tirmidhi transmitted it.3


Footnotes:


Quote
1- The phrase: وابتغوا به وجه الله "to seek the Wajh (Face) of Allah" was not mentioned by Abu Dawud but recorded by Imam Ahmad in his Musnad.

2- Abu Dawud, 1/520; Ahmad, Musnad, 3/155, 3/357, 3/397, 5/338

3- Abu Dawud, #8; Ahmad, Musnad, 4/432
Whosoever desires الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah (honour, power and glory) then to Allah belong all الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah [and one can get honour, power and glory only by obeying and worshiping Allah (Alone)]. To Him ascend (all) الْكَلِمُ الطَّيِّبُ al-Kalim al-Tayyib (the goodly words), and الْعَمَلُ الصَّالِحُ al-Amal al-Saalih (the righteous deeds) exalt it (the goodly words i.e., the goodly words are not accepted by Allah unless and until they are followed by good deeds). (Fatir 35/10)

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Re: The Excellent Qualities of the Qur'an
« Reply #9 on: 15.01.2016, 01:21:35 AM »
باب الجفاء عن القرآن
Chapter on the Faithlessness to the Qur’an

A lengthy and Marfu (elevated) Hadith is reported on the authority of Samura ibn Jundub (radiyallahu anh). He reported that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

"أتاني الليلة اثنان فذهبا بي، قالا: انطلق وإني انطلقت معهما وإنا أتينا على رجل مضطجع، وإذا آخر قائم عليه بصخرة، وإذا هو يهوي بالصخرة على رأسه فيثلغ رأسه، فيتدهده الحجر هاهنا فيتبع الحجر فيأخذه فلا يرجع إليه حتى يصبح رأسه كما كان. ثم يعود عليه فيفعل به مثل ما فعل في المرة الأولى. فقلت لهما: سبحان الله ما هذا؟ قالا: هذا رجل علمه الله القرآن فنام عنه بالليل، ولم يعمل فيه بالنهار. يفعل به إلى يوم القيامة"

"(...I had seen a dream) last night that I saw two men who came to me, took me by the hand and brought me out to a holy land (i.e., Jerusalem). So we went on till we came to a man who was lying on his back over whom a man was standing with a stone of the size of his hand, or a rock, with which he was pounding his head. When he struck him the stone rolled away and he went after it to get it, and did not return to this man till his head was healed and restored to its former position. He then went back to him and struck him. I said: Subhanallah (glory to be Allah) what is this? And they told me that this was a man whom Allah had taught the Qur’an but who had slept at night and neglected it and had not acted according to its teachings in the daytime, so what I had seen would be done to him till the Day of Resurrection."

In another version it is reported:


"الذي يأخذ القرآن فيرفضه وينام عن الصلاة المكتوبة"

"One who obtains the knowledge of the Qur’an and afterwards neglects it; one who passes away the timings of obligatory Prayers in sleep, he will meet the same fate." Bukhari transmitted it.1

In Sahih Muslim a tradition is reported on the authority of Abi Musa (Ash’ari) who said to the learned men of Basra:


"اتلوه، ولا يطولن عليكم الأمد فتقسو قلوبكم كما قست قلوب من كان قبلكم"

"Recite the Qur’an but do not expect too much of it otherwise your hearts will become rusty like the rusty hearts of your predecessors."

Ibn Mas'ud (radiyallahu anh) reported:


إن بني إسرائيل لما طال عليهم الأمد فقست قلوبهم فاخترعوا كتابا من عند أنفسهم استحلته أنفسهم، وكان الحق يحول بينهم وبين كثير من شهواتهم حتى نبذوا كتاب الله وراء ظهورهم

"When Bani Isra’il began to make great expectations, their hearts became rusty. They invented themselves an agreeable book. The truth became a bone of contention between them and their desires. At last they neglected the Book of Allah."


Footnotes:


Quote
1- Bukhari, 9/37-38, #1386; Ahmad, Musnad, 5/8, 5/14
Whosoever desires الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah (honour, power and glory) then to Allah belong all الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah [and one can get honour, power and glory only by obeying and worshiping Allah (Alone)]. To Him ascend (all) الْكَلِمُ الطَّيِّبُ al-Kalim al-Tayyib (the goodly words), and الْعَمَلُ الصَّالِحُ al-Amal al-Saalih (the righteous deeds) exalt it (the goodly words i.e., the goodly words are not accepted by Allah unless and until they are followed by good deeds). (Fatir 35/10)

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Re: The Excellent Qualities of the Qur'an
« Reply #10 on: 19.01.2016, 07:42:44 PM »
باب من ابتغى الهدى من غير القرآن

Chapter on the Fate of Those Who Seek Guidance from Other Than the Qur’an

The statement of Allah Azza wa Jalla:

وَمَنْ يَعْشُ عَنْ ذِكْرِ الرَّحْمَنِ نُقَيِّضْ لَهُ شَيْطَانا

"And he whose sight is dim to the remembrance of the Beneficent, We assign unto him a devil." (az-Zukhruf 43/36)

And the statement of Allah:


وَنَزَّلْنَا عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ تِبْيَاناً لِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ

"And We reveal the Scripture unto thee as an exposition of all things." (an-Nahl 16/89)

Zayd ibn Arqam (radiyallahu anh) told that:


"قام فينا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم خطيبا بماء يدعى: خما، فحمد الله وأثنى عليه ووعظ وذكر، ثم قال: أما بعد، أيها الناس إنما أنا بشر مثلكم يوشك أن يأتيني رسول من ربي فأجيب، وأنا تارك فيكم ثقلين: أولهما: كتاب الله، فيه الهدى والنور. فخذوا بكتاب الله واستمسكوا به. فحث على كتاب الله ورغب فيه. ثم قال: وأهل بيتي أذكركم الله في أهل بيتي "

Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) got up among them one day at a watering-place called Khumm to address them. He (i.e., the Prophet) praised and extolled Allah, gave a warning and a reminder, and then said: To proceed: You people must understand that I am just human. My Lord’s messenger will soon come for me and I shall answer his summons, but I am leaving among you the two important things, the first of which is Allah’s Book which contains guidance and light, so study it and follow its commands closely. Then when he had urged attention to Allah Book and commended it he said: Also Ahl'i Bayt (my family). I remind you of your duty to Allah to care for my family."1

In another version the words are:


أحدهما كتاب الله، هو حبل الله، من تبعه كان على الهدى، ومن تركه كان على الضلالة

"Allah’s Book is Allah’s rope; he who follows it has guidance and he who abandons it is in error." Muslim transmitted it.2

Sahih Muslim transmitted a tradition on the authority of Jabir (radiyallahu anh) who said:


"أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم (كان) إذا خطب يقول: أما بعد فإن خير الحديث كتاب الله، وخير الهدي هدي محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم، وشر الأمور محدثاتها وكل بدعة ضلالة"

"Whenever Allah’s Apostle used to deliver a sermon he always started it with the following words: The best book is Allah’s Book and the beat practice is the Sunnah of Muhammad. The worst affairs are innovations and every innovation is misleading."3

Sa’id Ibn Malik (radiyallahu anh) reported that:


"نزل على رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: القرآن فتلاه عليهم زمانا، فقالوا: يا رسول الله لو قصصته، علينا، فأنزل الله عز وجل: {الر تِلْكَ آيَاتُ الْكِتَابِ الْحَكِيمِ} الآية فتلاه عليهم زمانا"

"The Qur’an was revealed to the Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) and he (i.e., the Prophet) recited it regularly for a long time. The Companions requested Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) to tell them about it whereupon Allah (Azza wa Jalla) revealed the following verse:

الر تِلْكَ آيَاتُ الْكِتَابِ الْحَكِيمِ

"Alif Lam Ra. These are Verses of the Scripture that maketh plain." (Yusuf 12/1)

Thereupon he (i.e., the Prophet) recited it for a period."

Ibn Abi Hatim reported with Hasan (fair) Isnaad (chain of transmission) on the authority of Mas’udi who on the authority of Qasim reported:


"أن أصحاب رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ملوا ملة فقالوا حدثنا يا رسول الله فنزلت:
{اللَّهُ نَزَّلَ أَحْسَنَ الْحَدِيثِ كِتَاباً مُتَشَابِهاً}. ثم ملوا ملة فقالوا: حدثنا يا رسول الله، فأنزل الله عز وجل: {أَلَمْ يَأْنِ لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَنْ تَخْشَعَ قُلُوبُهُمْ لِذِكْرِ اللَّهِ}


"When the Companions (Allah be pleased with them) felt boredom they requested Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) to say something. Whereupon the following verse was revealed:

اللَّهُ نَزَّلَ أَحْسَنَ الْحَدِيثِ كِتَاباً مُتَشَابِهاً

"Allah hath (now) revealed the fairest of statements, a Scripture consistent." (az-Zumar 39/23)

When the Companions again felt weariness they made a similar request to Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam). The Almighty Allah revealed the following verse:


أَلَمْ يَأْنِ لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَنْ تَخْشَعَ قُلُوبُهُمْ لِذِكْرِ اللَّهِ

"Is not the time ripe for the hearts of those who believe to Allah’s reminder." (al-Hadid 57/16)

Ubayd transmitted it on the authority of certain Tabi’in (the followers of the Companions of the Prophet). It proves that whenever the Companions (Allah be pleased with them) sought guidance from Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) through his tradition, he (i.e., the Prophet) guided them by the Verses of the Qur’an."

Mu’adh Ibn Jabal (radiyallahu anh) used to tell the people sharing his company daily:


"الله حكم قسط. هلك المرتابون. إن وراءكم فتنًا يكثر فيها المال، ويفتح فيها القرآن حتى يقرأه المؤمن والمنافق والمرأة والصبي، فيوشك أحدهم أن يقول: قد قرأت القرآن فما أظن أن يتبعوني حتى ابتدع لهم غيره. فإياكم وما ابتدع، فكل بدعة ضلالة، وإياكم وزيغة الحكيم، وإن المنافق قد يقول كلمة الحق، فتلقوا الحق ممن جاء به، فإن على الحق نورا"

"Allah is the Best Judge. The incredulous people were destroyed. Many mischief will arise after you. Wealth will be in affluence. The Qur’an will be opened. Believers, hypocrites, women and children will recite It. It is just possible that someone of them might say: I read the Qur’an. I think that they will not believe me unless and until I innovate a new thing. Avoid innovations because every innovation is misleading. Protect ourselves from the erroneous attitude of the wise. Sometimes even a hypocrite speaks the truth. Accept the right thing wherever you find it. The truth is a beacon light." Abu Dawud transmitted it.4

Bayhaqi reported on the authority of Urwa Ibn Zubayr that Umar (radiyallahu anh) decided to record Ahadith:


"أن عمرأراد أن يكتب السنن فاستشار الصحابة، فأشاروا عليه بذلك. ثم استخار الله شهرا ثم قال: إني ذكرت قوما كانوا قبلكم كتبوا كتبا فأكبوا عليها وتركوا كتاب الله عز وجل، وإني لا ألبس كتاب الله بشيء أبدًا"

"The Companions (Allah be pleased With them) objected to it because it was a period of revelation of the Qur’an. Then Umar (radiyallahu anh) observed Istikhara (prayer) for a month and afterwards said: I remember a people before you who wrote books and depended upon them. They neglected the Book of Allah. I will not intermingle Allah’s Book with any thing."


Footnotes:


Quote
1- Muslim, #2408; Darimi, #3316; Ahmad, Musnad, 4/366

2- Muslim, 4/873 #1874; Darimi, 2/431-432; Ahmad, Musnad, 4/367; 4/371

3- Muslim, #867; Nasai, #1578; Ibn Ma'jah, #45; Darimi, #206; Ahmad, Musnad, 3/310, 3/371

4- Abu Dawud, 5/17-18
Whosoever desires الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah (honour, power and glory) then to Allah belong all الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah [and one can get honour, power and glory only by obeying and worshiping Allah (Alone)]. To Him ascend (all) الْكَلِمُ الطَّيِّبُ al-Kalim al-Tayyib (the goodly words), and الْعَمَلُ الصَّالِحُ al-Amal al-Saalih (the righteous deeds) exalt it (the goodly words i.e., the goodly words are not accepted by Allah unless and until they are followed by good deeds). (Fatir 35/10)

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Re: The Excellent Qualities of the Qur'an
« Reply #11 on: 22.01.2016, 05:14:58 AM »
باب الغلو في القرآن
Chapter on the Exaggerated Statement About the Qur’an

Abdullah Ibn Umar (radiyallahu anhuma ajmain) reported that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

ألم أخبر أنك تصوم الدهر، وتقرأ القرآن كل ليلة؟ قلت: بلى يا رسول الله، ولم أرد بذلك إلا الخير. قال: فصم صوم داود فإنه كان أعبد الناس، واقرأ القرآن كل شهر قلت: يا رسول الله إني أطيق أفضل من ذلك. قال: فاقرأه في كل عشر قلت: يا نبي الله إني أطيق أفضل من ذلك قال: فاقرأه في كل سبع، ولا تزد على ذلك

"May I tell you a practice by which you will become a permanent reciter of the Qur’an. I submitted: Why not ya Rasulullah (O Messenger of Allah)? I always intend to seek piety and virtue. Whereupon he (i.e., the Prophet) said: Fast the most superior type of fasting (that is the fasting of) Dawud (alayhi salam). He was the greatest worshiper. Recite the whole Qur’an in one month’s time. I said: But I have power (to do more than that) ya Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam). He (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Then finish the recitation of the whole Qur’an in ten days’ time. I said: But I have power (to do more than that) ya Nabi (O Apostle) of Allah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam)!. He (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Then finish the recitation of Qur’an in seven days, and do not finish it in less than this period." Bukhari transmitted it.1

Abdullah Ibn Mas’ud (radiyallahu anh) reported that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:


هلك المتنطعون

"Those who exceeded the prescribed limit were destroyed."2

There is a Marfu tradition reported by Abd'ur Rahman Ibn Shibli in Musnad of Imam Ahmad that he said:


اقرؤوا القرآن، ولا تغلوا فيه ولا تجفوا عنه، ولا تأكلوا به، ولا تستكثروا به

"Recite the Qur’an and do not indulge in exaggeration about it; and do not show faithlessness to the Qur’an; and do not make it a source of your livelihood."3

Abu Rafi (radiyallahu anh) reported that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:


لا ألفين أحدكم متكئا على أريكته يأتيه الأمر من أمري مما أمرت به أو نهيت عنه فيقول: لا أدري، ما وجدنا في كتاب الله اتبعناه

"May I not see any person in such a state of carelessness that whenever any order of mine whether positive or negative is communicated to him, he says: I do not know, we shall follow only that which we find in the Book of Allah." Abu Dawud and Tirmidhi transmitted it.4


Footnotes:


Quote
1- Bukhari, #1131, #1153,, #1975, #6134; Muslim, #1159; Nasai, #2391-2392; Abu Dawud, #2427; Ibn Ma'jah, #1712; Darimi, #3486; Ahmad, Musnad, 2/158

2- Muslim, #2670; Abu Dawud, #4608; Ahmad, Musnad, 1/386

3- Ahmad, Musnad, 3/444

4- Abu Dawud, 5/12; Tirmidhi, 7/309-310; Ibn Ma'jah, 1/6-7
Whosoever desires الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah (honour, power and glory) then to Allah belong all الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah [and one can get honour, power and glory only by obeying and worshiping Allah (Alone)]. To Him ascend (all) الْكَلِمُ الطَّيِّبُ al-Kalim al-Tayyib (the goodly words), and الْعَمَلُ الصَّالِحُ al-Amal al-Saalih (the righteous deeds) exalt it (the goodly words i.e., the goodly words are not accepted by Allah unless and until they are followed by good deeds). (Fatir 35/10)

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Re: The Excellent Qualities of the Qur'an
« Reply #12 on: 24.01.2016, 01:36:21 AM »
باب ما جاء في اتباع المتشابه
Chapter on the Mandate of the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) in Respect of all Mutashabihat (Allegorical Verses)

In Sahih, A’isha (radiyallahu anha) reported that:

"أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قرأ: {هُوَ الَّذِي أَنْزَلَ عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ مِنْهُ آيَاتٌ مُحْكَمَاتٌ هُنَّ أُمُّ الْكِتَابِ وَأُخَرُ مُتَشَابِهَاتٌ} إلى قوله: {وَمَا يَذَّكَّرُ إِلَّا أُولُو الْأَلْبَابِ} فقال: إذا رأيت الذين يتبعون ما تشابه منه فأولئك الذين سمى الله فاحذروهم"

Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) recited the following verse from:

{هُوَ الَّذِي أَنْزَلَ عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ مِنْهُ آيَاتٌ مُحْكَمَاتٌ هُنَّ أُمُّ الْكِتَابِ وَأُخَرُ مُتَشَابِهَاتٌ}

"He it is Who hath revealed unto thee (Muhammad) the Scripture wherein are clear revelations -they are the substance of the Book- and others (which are) allegorical." (Al-i Imran 3/7)

up to the (end of the) Ayah:


{وَمَا يَذَّكَّرُ إِلَّا أُولُو الْأَلْبَابِ}

"but only men of understanding really heed." (Al-i Imran 3/7)

Then he (i.e., the Prophet) said:

When you see people following Mutashabihat (allegorical verses), keep yourself aloof from them because the Almighty Allah has ordained to do so."1

Umar (radiyallahu anh) said:


"يهدم الإسلام زلة عالم، وجدال منافق بالقرآن، وحكم الأئمة المضلين"

"Going astray of a learned, disputation of a hypocrite on Qur’anic issues and decision of wicked Imams ruin the structure of Islam."

When Subigh asked Umar (radiyallahu anh) about al-Dhariyat and similar other Mutashabihat, he admonished him.2


Footnotes:


Quote
1- Muslim, 4/2053; Abu Dawud, 5/6; Tirmidhi, 8/177; Darimi, 1/55

2- Darimi, 1/54-55
Whosoever desires الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah (honour, power and glory) then to Allah belong all الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah [and one can get honour, power and glory only by obeying and worshiping Allah (Alone)]. To Him ascend (all) الْكَلِمُ الطَّيِّبُ al-Kalim al-Tayyib (the goodly words), and الْعَمَلُ الصَّالِحُ al-Amal al-Saalih (the righteous deeds) exalt it (the goodly words i.e., the goodly words are not accepted by Allah unless and until they are followed by good deeds). (Fatir 35/10)

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Re: The Excellent Qualities of the Qur'an
« Reply #13 on: 26.01.2016, 02:00:51 AM »
باب وعيد من قال في القرآن برأيه وبما لا يعلم
Chapter on the Admonition to those who Express their Ra'y (Opinion) in the Qur’an Without Ilm (Knowledge)

The statement of Allah Ta'ala:

قُلْ إِنَّمَا حَرَّمَ رَبِّيَ الْفَوَاحِشَ مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا وَمَا بَطَنَ

"Say: My Lord forbidden only indecencies, such of them as are apparent and such as are within, and sin and wrongful oppression, and that ye associate with Allah that for which no warrant hath been revealed and that ye tell concerning Allah that which ye know not." (al-A'raf 7/33)

And the Ayah:


وَأَنْ تَقُولُوا عَلَى اللَّهِ مَا لا تَعْلَمُونَ

"...and that ye should say of Allah that of which ye have no knowledge." (al-Baqarah 2/169)

(Abdullah) Ibn Abbas (radiyallahu anhuma ajmain) reported Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying:


"من قال في القرآن برأيه"

"Let him who interprets the Qur’an in the light of his own opinion come to his abode in hell."1

A version has:


"من غير علم فليتبوأ مقعده من النار"

"Let him who interprets the Qur’an without knowledge come to his abode in hell." Tirmidhi transmitted it, saying it is a Hasan Hadith.2

Jundub (radiyallahu anh) reported that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:


"من قال في القرآن برأيه فأصاب فقد أخطأ"

"If anyone interprets the Qur’an in the light of his own opinion and is right, he has erred." Tirmidhi and Abu Dawud transmitted it, saying it is a Gharib Hadith.3


Footnotes:


Quote
1- Tirmidhi, #2951; Ahmad, Musnad, 1/233, 1/269

2- Tirmidhi, #2950; Ahmad, Musnad, 1/233, 1/269

3- Tirmidhi, #2952; Abu Dawud, #3652
Whosoever desires الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah (honour, power and glory) then to Allah belong all الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah [and one can get honour, power and glory only by obeying and worshiping Allah (Alone)]. To Him ascend (all) الْكَلِمُ الطَّيِّبُ al-Kalim al-Tayyib (the goodly words), and الْعَمَلُ الصَّالِحُ al-Amal al-Saalih (the righteous deeds) exalt it (the goodly words i.e., the goodly words are not accepted by Allah unless and until they are followed by good deeds). (Fatir 35/10)

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Re: The Excellent Qualities of the Qur'an
« Reply #14 on: 29.01.2016, 04:34:14 AM »
باب ما جاء في الجدال في القرآن
Chapter on the Jadaal (Disputation) about the Qur'anic Revelations

Abu'l Aliyya said:

آيتان ما أشدهما على من يجادل في القرآن

"There is a stern warning to those who dispute about the Qur’anic revelations."

The statement of Allah Ta'ala


مَا يُجَادِلُ فِي آيَاتِ اللَّهِ إِلَّا الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا

"None argue concerning the revelations of Allah save those who disbelieve." (Ghafir 40/4)

And His statement:

وَإِنَّ الَّذِينَ اخْتَلَفُوا فِي الْكِتَابِ لَفِي شِقَاقٍ بَعِيدٍ

"Lo! those who find (a cause of) disagreement in the Scripture are in open schism." (al-Baqarah 2/176)

Abu Hurayrah (radiyallahu anh) reported that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

"جدال في القرآن كفر"

"Jadaal (disputation) about the Qur’an is Kufr (infidelity)." Ahmad and Abu Dawud transmitted it.1

Amr ibn Shu’ayb quoted the authority of his father from his grandfather who said that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) heard some people disagreeing about the Qur’an and said:


"إنما هلك من كان قبلكم باختلافهم في الكتاب"

"This (i.e., disputation about the Qur’an) is what led to the doom of the nations who came before you!..2


Footnotes:


Quote
1- Abu Dawud, #4603; Ahmad, Musnad, 2/258

2- Muslim, 4/2503; Ibn Ma'jah, 1/90; Ahmad, Musnad, 1/401

Ibn Ma'jah reported that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) stated the following in the Hadith:

بِهَذَا أُمِرْتُمْ أَوْ لِهَذَا خُلِقْتُمْ تَضْرِبُونَ الْقُرْآنَ بَعْضَهُ بِبَعْضٍ‏ بِهَذَا هَلَكَتِ الأُمَمُ قَبْلَكُمْ

"Have you been commanded to do this, or were you created for this purpose? You are using one part of the Qur'an against another part, and this is what led to the doom of the nations who came before you."
Whosoever desires الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah (honour, power and glory) then to Allah belong all الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah [and one can get honour, power and glory only by obeying and worshiping Allah (Alone)]. To Him ascend (all) الْكَلِمُ الطَّيِّبُ al-Kalim al-Tayyib (the goodly words), and الْعَمَلُ الصَّالِحُ al-Amal al-Saalih (the righteous deeds) exalt it (the goodly words i.e., the goodly words are not accepted by Allah unless and until they are followed by good deeds). (Fatir 35/10)

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Re: The Excellent Qualities of the Qur'an
« Reply #15 on: 02.02.2016, 01:28:17 PM »
باب ما جاء في الاختلاف في القرآن في لفظه أو معناه
Chapter on the Consequence of Dispute Regarding the Words and Meaning of the Qur'an

And the statement of Allah Azza wa Jalla:

وَلا يَزَالُونَ مُخْتَلِفِينَ إِلَّا مَنْ رَحِمَ رَبُّكَ

"Yet they cease not differing. Save him on whom thy Lord hath mercy." (Huud 11/118-119)

And His statement:


كَانَ النَّاسُ أُمَّةً وَاحِدَةً فَبَعَثَ اللَّهُ النَّبِيِّينَ مُبَشِّرِينَ وَمُنْذِرِينَ

"Mankind were one community and Allah sent (unto them) Prophets as bearers of good tidings and as warners." (al-Baqarah 2/213)

It was narrated in the Sahih that Abdullah Ibn Mas'ud (radiyallahu anh) said:

سمعت رجلا يقرأ آية سمعت النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يقرأ خلافها، فأخذت بيده فانطلقت به إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم، فذكرت ذلك له، فعرفت في وجهه الكراهة، فقال: كلاكما محسن فلا تختلفوا، فإن من كان قبلكم اختلفوا فهلكوا

"I heard a man who recited an Ayah (a verse) and as I had heard Nabi (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) reciting differently I took him to Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) and told him and noticed that he gave a disapproving look. He (i.e., the Prophet) then said: Both of you are doing it well, so do not disagree, for your predecessors disagreed and perished." Bukhari transmitted it.1

Abdullah ibn Umar (radiyallahu anhuma ajmain) reported:


هجّرت إلى النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم وسمعت أصوات رجلين اختلفا في آية، فخرج علينا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم رف في وجهه الغضب، فقال: إنما هلك من كان قبلكم باختلافهم في الكتاب

"I went to Nabi (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) in the morning and he heard the voice of two persons who had an argumentation with each other about an Ayah. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) came to us (and) the (signs) of anger could be seen on his face. He said: Verily, the (peoples) before you were ruined because of their disputation in the Book."2

In the Hadith that was recorded in Musnad, Amr ibn Shu'ayb (radiyallahu anh) reported that:


كنا جلوسا بباب النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال بعضهم: ألم يقل الله كذا وكذا؟ وقال بعضهم: ألم يقل الله كذا وكذا؟ (فسمع ذلك رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم) .فخرج كأنما فقئ في وجهه حب الرمان، فقال: أبهذا أُمرتم أو بهذا بعثتم، أن تضربوا كتاب الله بعضه ببعض؟ إنما ضلت الأمم قبلكم في مثل هذا، إنكم لستم مما هاهنا في شيء انظروا الذي أمرتم به فاعملوا به والذي نهيتم عنه فانتهوا عنه

"We were sitting at the door of the house of Nabi (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) when some of us had an argumentation with each other about an Ayah. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) heard this argumentation, came to (meet) us while we were disputing, and he was enraged, so that his face reddened as though the seeds of the pomegranate were pressed upon his cheeks and he (i.e., the Prophet) said: What! Have ye been commanded to use the parts of Allah's Book to falsify others or was I sent to you with this? Some people before you were misled only because they disputed like you. This is not your job. You should act upon what you have been commanded to do and abstain from what you have been commanded to abstain."3

According to another version:


خرج وهم يتنازعون في القدر

"When the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) came out they were disputing over the question of Qadr (Divine Decree)."4

Tirmidhi transmitted it on the authority of Abu Hurayra (radiyallahu anh) with the following words:


خرج ونحن نتنازع في القدر

"The Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) came out and we were disputing over the question of Qadr." Tirmidhi has termed it a Hasan Hadith.5


Footnotes:


Quote
1- Bukhari, #2410; Ahmad, Musnad, 1/393, 1401, 1/405, 1/412, 1/419, 1/421, 1/452, 1/456, 5/124

2- Muslim, 4/2053, Ilm, #1; Ahmad, Musnad, 2/192

3- Ahmad, Musnad, 2/196

4- Ahmad, Musnad, 2/178

5- Tirmidhi, 6/306, Qadr, #1
Whosoever desires الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah (honour, power and glory) then to Allah belong all الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah [and one can get honour, power and glory only by obeying and worshiping Allah (Alone)]. To Him ascend (all) الْكَلِمُ الطَّيِّبُ al-Kalim al-Tayyib (the goodly words), and الْعَمَلُ الصَّالِحُ al-Amal al-Saalih (the righteous deeds) exalt it (the goodly words i.e., the goodly words are not accepted by Allah unless and until they are followed by good deeds). (Fatir 35/10)

Fahm'us Salaf

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Re: The Excellent Qualities of the Qur'an
« Reply #16 on: 08.02.2016, 04:15:56 AM »
باب إذا اختلفتم فقوموا
Chapter on the Disperse when any Ikhtilaaf (Difference of Opinion) Arises

It was narrated in the Sahih that Jundub (radiyallahu anh) reported Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying:
 
اقرؤوا القرآن ما ائتلفت قلوبكم، فإذا اختلفتم فقوموا عنه

"Recite the Qur’an as long as your hearts agree to do so, and when you feel variance between them (between your hearts and tongues), then get up (and leave its recital for the time being)."1

(Abdullah) Ibn Abbas (radiyallahu anhuma ajmain) said:


أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال في مرضه: ائتوني بكتاب أكتب لكم كتابا لن تضلوا بعده قال: فقال عمر: إن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قد غلبه الوجع وإن عندنا كتاب الله حسبنا، وقال بعضهم: بل ائتوا بكتاب. فاختلفوا فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: قوموا عني ولا ينبغي عند نبي تنازع

"When the ailment of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) became worse, he said:

Bring for me (writing) paper and I will write for you a statement after which you will not go astray.

But Umar (radiyallahu anh) said:

Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) is seriously ill, and we have got Allah’s Book with us and that is sufficient for us.

But the Companions of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) differed about this and there was a hue and cry. On that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said to them:

Go away (and leave me alone). It is not right that you should quarrel in front of me."2

Muslim transmitted it on the authority of Abdullah Ibn Mas’ud (radiyallahu anh) who said:


أنه قرأ سورة يوسف، فقال رجل: ما هكذا أُنزلت فقال: أتكذب بالكتاب؟

"They recited the Surah Yusuf. One man spoke as to why these words were not revealed by Allah. He admonished him saying: Do you falsify the Book of Allah."3


Footnotes:


Quote
1- Bukhari 6/163; Muslim, 4/205; Darimi, 2/441-442; Ahmad, Musnad, 4/313

2- Bukhari, #3053; Muslim, #1637; Ahmad, Musnad, 1/222, 1/293, 1/324, 1/336, 1/355

3- Muslim, 1/551; Bukhari, 6/153; Ahmad, Musnad, 1/378, 1/425
Whosoever desires الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah (honour, power and glory) then to Allah belong all الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah [and one can get honour, power and glory only by obeying and worshiping Allah (Alone)]. To Him ascend (all) الْكَلِمُ الطَّيِّبُ al-Kalim al-Tayyib (the goodly words), and الْعَمَلُ الصَّالِحُ al-Amal al-Saalih (the righteous deeds) exalt it (the goodly words i.e., the goodly words are not accepted by Allah unless and until they are followed by good deeds). (Fatir 35/10)

Fahm'us Salaf

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Re: The Excellent Qualities of the Qur'an
« Reply #17 on: 15.02.2016, 01:42:04 PM »
باب قول الله تعالى: ومن أظلم ممن ذكر بآيات ربه فأعرض عنها
Chapter on the Fate of those who Turned away from the Revelations of Allah: "And who doth greater wrong than he who is reminded of the revelation of his Lord, then turneth from them, Lo! We shall requite the guilty."

The statement of Allah Ta'ala:

وَمَنْ أَظْلَمُ مِمَّنْ ذُكِّرَ بِآياتِ رَبِّهِ فَأَعْرَضَ عَنْهَا

"And who doth greater wrong than he who is reminded of the revelation of his Lord, then turneth from them, Lo! We shall requite the guilty." (as-Sajdah 32/22)

Nabi (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:


الكبر بطر الحق وغمط الناس

"Kibr (pride) is, rejecting Haqq (the truth) and disposing men."1

It is reported on the authority of (Abdullah) Ibn Mas’ud (radiyallahu anh) who said:


"من أكبر الذنوب عند الله أن يقول العبد: اتق الله فيقول: عليك بنفسك"

"It is a major sin that one says to the other to fear from Allah and the other in turn says: Take care of yourself."

It was narrated in the Sahihayn from Abu Waqid al-Laythi (radiyallahu anh):


"إن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم بينما هو جالس في المسجد والناس معه إذ أقبل ثلاثة نفر، فأقبل اثنان إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم، وذهب واحد. قال: فوقفا على رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم، فأما أحدهما فرأى فرجة في الحلقة فجلس فيها، وأما الآخر فجلس خلفهم، وأما الثالث فأدبر ذاهبا. فلما فرغ رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: ألا أخبركم عن النفر الثلاثة؟ أما أحدهم فأوى إلى الله فآواه الله، وأما الآخر فاستحيا فاستحيا الله منه، وأما الآخر فأعرض فأعرض الله عنه" 

"While Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) was sitting in the mosque with some people, three men came. Two of them came in front of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) and the third one went away. The two persons kept on standing before Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) for a while and then one of them found a place in the circle and set there while the other sat behind the gathering, and the third one went away. When Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) finished his preaching, he said:

Shall I tell you about these three persons? One of them be-took himself to Allah, so Allah took him into His grace and mercy and accommodated him, the second felt shy from Allah, so Allah sheltered him in His mercy (and did not punish him), while the third turned his face from Allah and went sway, so Allah turned His face from him likewise." Quotation ends here.2

Qatada (rahimahullah) while interpreting the following verse, said:


وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَنْ يَشْتَرِي لَهْوَ الْحَدِيثِ لِيُضِلَّ عَنْ سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍ

"And of mankind is he who payeth for mere pastime of discourse, that he may mislead from Allah’s way without knowledge." (Luqman 31/6)

لعله أن لا يكون أنفق مالا، وبحسب امرئ من الضلالة أن يختار حديث الباطل على حديث الحق

It is just possible that he did not spend anything in this bargain. It is enough for a person to go astray that he would give preference to Baatil (falsehood) over Haqq."


Footnotes:


Quote
1- Muslim, 1/93; Abu Dawud, 4/352; Ahmad, Musnad, 1/385, 1/427

2- Bukhari, #66; Muslim, #2176; Tirmidhi, #2724; Ahmad, Musnad, 5/219; Malik, Muwatta, #1791
Whosoever desires الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah (honour, power and glory) then to Allah belong all الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah [and one can get honour, power and glory only by obeying and worshiping Allah (Alone)]. To Him ascend (all) الْكَلِمُ الطَّيِّبُ al-Kalim al-Tayyib (the goodly words), and الْعَمَلُ الصَّالِحُ al-Amal al-Saalih (the righteous deeds) exalt it (the goodly words i.e., the goodly words are not accepted by Allah unless and until they are followed by good deeds). (Fatir 35/10)

Fahm'us Salaf

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Re: The Excellent Qualities of the Qur'an
« Reply #18 on: 18.02.2016, 07:10:47 PM »
باب ما جاء التغني بالقرآن
Chapter on Taghanni (reciting in a melodious voice and tune) of the Qur'an (i.e., the Recitation of the Qur’an with Tartil; a Clear and Distinct Manner)1

Abu Hurayrah (radiyallahu anh) reported that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

"ما أذن الله لشيء ما أذن لنبي يتغنى بالقرآن"

"Allah has asked me to recite the Qur’an in a clear and distinct manner."

In another version it is said:


لنبي حسن الصوت يتغنى ب القرآن يجهر به

"Allah has ordered the sweet-voiced Nabi (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) to recite the Qur’an in a clear and distinct manner with a loud voice."2

Abi Lubaba (radiyallahu anh) reported that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:


"ليس منا من لم يتغن بالقرآن"

"He does not belong to us who does not recite the Qur’an in a clear and distinct manner."3 It was narrated by Abu Dawud with Jayyid (good) Isnaad (chain of narration).

Allah Subhanahu Ta'ala knows, may Salaat and Salaam upon last of it (i.e., prophethood) Muhammad, his family and his companions.


Footnotes:


Quote
1- Ibn'ul Qayyim (rahimahullah) said the following whilst the Taghani of the Salaf and their attitude with regards to Maqaamaat (melodic modes) of the Qur'an:

وكل من له علم بأحوال السلف يعلم قطعاً أنهم برءاء من القراءة بألحان الموسيقى المتكلفة التي هي إيقاعات وحركات موزونة معدودة محدودة ، وأنهم أتقى لله من أن يقرؤوا بها ويسوِّغوها ، ويعلم قطعاً أنهم كانوا يقرؤون بالتحزين والتطريب ، ويحسِّنون أصواتهم بالقرآن ، ويقرؤونه بشجي تارة ، وبطرب تارة ، وبشوق تارة ، وهذا أمر مركوز في الطباع تقاضيه ، ولم ينه عنه الشارع مع شدة تقاضي الطباع له ، بل أرشد إليه وندب إليه ، وأخبر عن استماع الله لمن قرأ به ، وقال: ليس منَّا من لم يتغنّ بالقرآن ، وفيه وجهان: أحدهما : أنه إخبار بالواقع الذي كلنا نفعله ، والثاني : أنه نفي لهدي من لم يفعله عن هديه وطريقته

"Everyone who has knowledge of the life of Salaf (the early generations) will know definitively that they had nothing at all to do with reciting Qur’an with musical tunes that require effort to learn and perform them and which are based on rhythmic movements and are measured, counted and have a specific limit. They were too pious to recite in accordance with those tunes and to allow that. It is known for certain that they used to recite Qur’an in a sad tone and in a joyful tone, and they would make their voices beautiful for the Qur’an, sometimes reciting in sad or joyful tones, or with a tone of longing. This is something instilled in and dictated by human nature, and Shaari (the Lawgiver= did not forbid it, because there is a strong natural inclination towards that. Rather (Rasulullah) directed people to that and encouraged it, and stated that Allah would listen to one who recites the Qur’an in a beautiful voice, as he said:

ليس منَّا من لم يتغنّ بالقرآن

“He is not one of us who does not beautify his voice for the Qur’an.”

This Hadith may be interpreted in two ways:

that it is telling them something that all of us (Muslims) do;

that it is stating that those who do not do it are not following his (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) guidance and way." (Ibn'ul Qayyim, Zaad'ul Ma'aad fi Hadiy Khayr'il Ibaad, 1/493)

And Allamah Ibn Kathir (rahimahullah) said:


والغرض أن المطلوب شرعاً إنما هو التحسين بالصوت الباعث على تدبر القرآن وتفهمه والخشوع والخضوع والانقياد للطاعة ، فأما الأصوات بالنغمات المحدثة المركبة على الأوزان والأوضاع الملهية والقانون الموسيقائي فالقرآن ينزه عن هذا ويُجلّ ، ويعظم أن يسلك في أدائه هذا المذهب

"The point is that what is prescribed in Islamic teaching is no more than beautifying the voice in such a way that will prompt one to ponder the Qur’an and understand it, and to be humble and submit to Allah’s commands. As for reciting in a melodious manner that is based on developed tunes, rhythms and rules of music that is usually used for entertainment purposes, the Qur’an should be protected from that; it should be respected and should not be recited in this manner." (Ibn Kathir, Fada’il'ul Qur’an, 114)

2- Bukhari, 6/157; 9/114; Muslim, 1/545; Abu Dawud, 2/257, #1473; Nasai, 2/140; Darimi, 1/349; Ahmad, Musnad, 2/271, 2/285, 2/450

3- Bukhari, #7527; Muslim, #792; Nasai, #1017-1018; Abu Dawud, #1473; Darimi, #3490-3491; #3497; Ahmad, Musnad, 2/271, 2/284, 2/450) Abu Dawud transmitted it with Jayyid Isnad. (Abu Dawud, 2/156-157; 355; Bukhari, 9/123; Darimi, 1/349; Ahmad, Musnad, 1/172, 1/175, 1/179
Whosoever desires الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah (honour, power and glory) then to Allah belong all الْعِزَّةَ al-Izzah [and one can get honour, power and glory only by obeying and worshiping Allah (Alone)]. To Him ascend (all) الْكَلِمُ الطَّيِّبُ al-Kalim al-Tayyib (the goodly words), and الْعَمَلُ الصَّالِحُ al-Amal al-Saalih (the righteous deeds) exalt it (the goodly words i.e., the goodly words are not accepted by Allah unless and until they are followed by good deeds). (Fatir 35/10)

 

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