دار التوحيد Dâr'ul Tawhîd

Author Topic: Qur'an is & as a Miracle  (Read 942 times)

Uswat'un Hasanah

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Qur'an is & as a Miracle
« on: 24.04.2016, 05:49:04 PM »
بِسْمِ اللّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ
Qur'an is & as a Miracle

Shaykh'ul Islam ibn Taymiyyah, an-Nubuwwah, 1/515

Shaykh'ul Islam ibn Taymiyyah (rahimahullah) said:

والقرآن آيته باقية على طول الزمان ، من حين جاء به الرسول تُتْلى آيات التحدّي به. ويُتلى قوله: فَليَأْتُوا بِحَدِيثٍ مِثْلِهِ إِنْ كَانُوا صَادِقِينَ، و فَأْتُوا بِعَشْرِ سُوَرٍ مِثْلِهِ ،و -بِسُورَةٍ مِثْلِهِ وَادْعُوا مَنِ اسْتَطَعْتُمْ مِنْ دُونِ اللهِ,، ويُتلى قوله: قُلْ لَئِنِ اجْتَمَعَتِ الإِنْسُ وَالجِنّ عَلَى أَنْ يَأْتُوا بِمِثْلِ هَذَا القُرْآنِ لا يَأْتُونَ بِمِثْلِهِ وَلَوْ كَانَ بَعْضُهُمْ لِبَعْضٍ ظَهِيرَاً
فنفس إخبار الرسول بهذا في أول الأمر، وقطعه بذلك، مع علمه بكثرة الخلق، دليلٌ على أنّه كان خارقاً، يُعجِز الثقلين عن معارضته. وهذا لا يكون لغير الأنبياء
ثمّ مع طول الزمان، قد سمعه الموافق ، والمخالف، والعرب ، والعجم. وليس في الأمم من أظهر كتاباً يقرأه الناس، وقال إنّه مثله. وهذا يعرفه كلّ أحدٍ
وما من كلام تكلم به الناس، وإن كان في أعلى طبقات الكلام لفظاً ومعنىً، إلا وقد قال الناس نظيره، وما يشبهه ويقاربه؛ سواء كان شعراً، أو خطابةً، أو كلاماً في العلوم ، والحِكَمِ والاستدلال، والوعظ، والرسائل، وغير ذلك. وما وجد من ذلك شيء، إلاَّ ووجد ما يشبهه ويقاربه
والقرآن ممّا يعلم الناس؛ عربهم، وعجمهم أنّه لم يُوجد له نظيرٌ، مع حرص العرب، وغير العرب على معارضته ؛ فلفظه آية، ونظمه آية، وإخباره بالغيوب آية، وأمره ونهيه آية، ووعده ووعيده آية ، وجلالته وعظمته وسلطانه على القلوب آية. وإذا ترجم بغير العربي كانت معانيه آية؛ كلّ ذلك لا يوجد له نظيرٌ في العالم
وإذا قيل إنّ التوراة ، والإنجيل، والزبور، لم يُوجد لها نظيرٌ أيضاً، لم يضرّنا ذلك؛ فإنّا قلنا: إنّ آيات الأنبياء لا تكون لغيرهم، وإن كانت لجنس الأنبياء؛ كالإخبار بغيب الله؛ فهذه آية يشتركون فيها، وكذلك إحياء الموتى، قد كان آية لغير واحدٍ من الأنبياء غير المسيح؛ كما كان ذلك لموسى وغيره


"The Qur’an is that miracle that will abide until the end of time; since it was first brought by Rasul (the Messenger), the verses that challenged mankind have been recited, including the following verses:

فَليَأْتُوا بِحَدِيثٍ مِثْلِهِ إِنْ كَانُوا صَادِقِينَ

"Let them then produce a recital like unto it (the Quran) if they are truthful." (at-Tur 52/34);

فَأْتُوا بِعَشْرِ سُوَرٍ مِثْلِهِ

"Say: Bring you then ten forged Surah (chapters) like unto it." (Huud 11/13);

بِسُورَةٍ مِثْلِهِ وَادْعُوا مَنِ اسْتَطَعْتُمْ مِنْ دُونِ الل

"Say: Bring then a Surah (chapter) like unto it." (Yunus 10/38);

قُلْ لَئِنِ اجْتَمَعَتِ الإِنْسُ وَالجِنّ عَلَى أَنْ يَأْتُوا بِمِثْلِ هَذَا القُرْآنِ لا يَأْتُونَ بِمِثْلِهِ وَلَوْ كَانَ بَعْضُهُمْ لِبَعْضٍ ظَهِيرَاً

"Say: If the mankind and the jinns were together to produce the like of this Qur'an, they could not produce the like thereof, even if they helped one another." (al-Isra 17/88)

The mere fact that the Messenger told the people about this challenge from the very beginning, and these verses stated definitively that they could never do that, knowing the large numbers of mankind, is evidence in itself that the Qur’an was something extraordinary, that the two races (i.e., mankind and the jinn) would be unable to match. Such a miracle cannot be for anyone except Anbiya (the Prophets).

Then, with the passage of time, it was heard by people who believed in it and people who did not believe in it, Arabs and Ajam (i.e., non-Arabs), and there has never been anyone among the nations who produced a book that people would read and say that it was like the Qur’an. This is something that everyone knows.

There is nothing that people uttered or wrote, even if it was of the highest level of quality in terms of words and meanings, but there were other people who came up with something equal to it or like it or close to it, whether it was poetry, oratory, words of knowledge, aphorisms, argument, exhortation, essays, or the like. Nothing of that exists, but there was something equal to it or like it or close to it.

The Qur’an, as people –Arabs and Ajam (i.e., non-Arabs) alike– know, is something for which no equal has ever existed, despite the keenness of the Arabs and other than the Arabs to produce something to match it. So its wording is Ayah (a miracle), its composition is a miracle, its telling of Ghayb (the unseen) is a miracle, its commands and prohibitions are a miracle, its Wa'ad (promises) and Wa'id (warnings) are a miracle, its majestic nature, greatness and impact on people’s hearts are a miracle. If it is translated into a language other than Arabic, its meanings are a miracle. All of that is unmatched by anything in the world.

If it is said that: "There is nothing like Tawrah (the Torah), Injil (the Gospel) and Zabur (the Psalms) either", that does not undermine our argument, because we say: Miracles performed by Anbiya (the Prophets) cannot be performed by anyone else. If any miracle was of that nature, such as telling of Ghayb (the unseen), this is Ayah (a miracle) that was common to all of them. The same applies to raising the dead, for these types of miracles were known for more than one of the Prophets other than the Messiah (i.e., Isa), such as Musa (alayhi salam) and others."
Shaykh'ul Islâm Ibnu Taymiyyah Rahimahullâh said,

وكل قول ينفرد به المتأخر عن المتقدمين، ولم يسبقه إليه أحد منهم، فإنه يكون خطأ كما قال الإمام أحمد بن حنبل‏‏

"All statements that had been said by the Muta'akhirrűn (latter ones) differing from the Mutaqaddiműn (predecessors) and that had not been previously mentioned by any other, is a mistake. As Imâm Ahmad bin Hanbal Rahimahullâh said,

‏إياك أن تتكلم في مسألة ليس لك فيها إمام‏

"Refrain from speaking about a matter without an Imâm!.." (Ibnu Taymiyyah, Majmű'ul Fatâwâ, 21/291)