دار التوحيد Dr'ul Tawhd

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1
Pamphlets on Tawhd / Re: A COMPILATION OF PAMPHLETS ON TAWHD
« Last post by Izhr'ud Dn on 10.12.2019, 12:46:02 AM »
وَأَمَّا النِّفَاقُ فَهُوَ نَوْعَانِ:

1- نِفَاقٌ اِعْتِقَادِيٌّ

2- وَنِفَاقٌ عَمَلِيٌّ.

فَأَمَّا الْإِعْتِقَادِيُّ فَهُوَ سِتَّةُ أَنْوَاعٍ:

أ- تَكْذِيبُ الرَّسُولِ،

ب- أَوْ تَكْذِيبُ بَعْضِ مَا جَاءَ بِهِ الرَّسُولُ،

ج-أَوْ بُغْضُ الرَّسُولِ،

د- أَوْ بُغْضُ مَا جَاءَ بِهِ الرَّسُولُ،

ه- أَوِ الْمَسَرَّةُ بِانْخِفَاضِ دِينِ الرَّسُولِ،

و- أَوِ الْكَرَاهِيَّةُ لِانْتِصَارِ دِينِ الرَّسُولِ.


فَهٰذِهِ الْأَنْوَاعُ السِّتَّةُ صَاحِبُهَا مِنْ أَهْلِ الدَّرْكِ الْأَسْفَلِ مِنَ النَّارِ؛ نَعُوذُ بِاللهِ مِنَ الشِّقَاقِ وَالنِّفَاقِ.

NIFQ (HYPOCRISY) AND ITS TYPES

When it comes to an-Nifq (Hypocrisy)[1], it is of two types:

1.   Itiqd Nifq (Hypocrisy in Belief), and

2.   Amal Nifq (Hypocrisy in Actions/Deeds).


1.   Itiqd Nifq (Hypocrisy in Belief)

When it comes to the Itiqad, it is of six types:

a.   Belying the Rasl (messenger), or

b.   Belying some of what the Rasl brought, or

c.   Hating the Rasl, or

d.   Hating what the Rasl brought, or

e.   Rejoicing at the downfall of the Dn (religion) of the Rasl, or

f.   Disliking the Dn of the Rasl being victorious.


These are the six types (of Hypocrisy) that make its possessor from those in the lowest depths of an-Nr (the Fire, i.e., Hell).

We seek refuge in Allh from Shiqq (separating) and Nifq (hypocrisy).[2]

وَأَمَّا النِّفَاقُ الْعَمَلِيُّ فَهُوَ خَمْسَةُ أَنْوَاعٍ:

أ- إِذَا حَدَّثَ كَذَبَ،

ب- وَإِذَا خَاصَمَ فَجَرَ،

ج- وَإِذَا عَاهَدَ غَدَرَ،

د- وَإِذَا ائْتُمِنَ خَانَ،

ه- وَإِذَا وَعَدَ أَخْلَفَ.


وَاللهُ سُبْحَانُهُ وَتَعَالَى أَعْلَمُ، وَصَلَّى اللهُ عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ، وَعَلَى آلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ، وَسَلَّمَ تَسْلِيمًا كَثِيرًا.

2.   Amal Nifq (Hypocrisy in Actions/Deeds)

When it comes to the Amal Nifq[3], it is of five types:

a.   When he speaks, he lies;

b.   When he disputes, he resorts to obscene speech;

c.   When he makes a promise, he breaks it;

d.   When he is entrusted, he betrays the trust; and

e.   When he makes an agreement, he proves treacherous.
[4]

Allh Subhnahu wa Tal knows best!.. May peace and abundant salutations be upon our Sayyid (master) Muhammad, his family (especially his family, and then upon his entire nation), and his Ashb (companions). (mn!)


ANNOTATIONS:
 1. It is mentioned in Lisnul Arab,

Nifq (hypocrisy) is the name of the action done by the Munfiq; entering Islm from one angle and leaving it in another. It is derived from the word Nfiq, meaning the hole of a Jerboa. It is Nfaqa in the past tense form, Yunfiqu in the future/present tense form and Munfaqah and Nifq in the verbal noun form. Although the term Nifq is a known term in Arabic, its usage denoting the meaning of manifesting mn while concealing Kufr is peculiar to Islm, and previously has never been used in this particular meaning in Arabic. (Ibnu Mandhr, Lisnul Arab, concisely from 10/359)
 
 2. Those who perform actions as such are in reality Munfıq and Kfir. Allhu Tal stated,

إِنَّ الْمُنَافِقِينَ فِي الدَّرْكِ الْأَسْفَلِ مِنَ النَّارِ وَلَن تَجِدَ لَهُمْ نَصِيرًا.
Verily, the Munfiqn (hypocrites) will be in the lowest depths of the Fire - and never will you find for them a helper. (an-Nis 4/145)
 
 3. Not everyone who performs these actions of Nifq will become Kfir. However, because these are actions usually performed by the pure Munfiqn, they have been referenced as actions performed by/signs of the Munfiqn.
 
 4. The Shaykh Rahimahullh, collectively points out the characteristics of the Munfiqn mentioned in various Ahdth. While four characteristics are mentioned in some of the relevant Ahdth, three are mentioned in others. The sources for these Ahdth -with various wordings- are as follows: al-Bukhr, Hadth no: 34; Muslim, Hadth no: 106; at-Tirmidh, Hadth no: 2632 and others.
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اَلنِّفَاقُ وَأَنْوَاعُهُ
NIFQ (HYPOCRISY) AND ITS TYPES

When it comes to an-Nifq (Hypocrisy)37, it is of two types:

1.   Itiqd Nifq (Hypocrisy in Belief), and

2.   Amal Nifq (Hypocrisy in Actions/Deeds).


اَلنِّفَاقُ الاِعْتِقَادِيُّ
1.   Itiqd Nifq (Hypocrisy in Belief)

When it comes to the Itiqad, it is of six types:

a.   Belying the Rasl (messenger), or

b.   Belying some of what the Rasl brought, or

c.   Hating the Rasl, or

d.   Hating what the Rasl brought, or

e.   Rejoicing at the downfall of the Dn (religion) of the Rasl, or

f.   Disliking the Dn of the Rasl being victorious.


These are the six types (of Hypocrisy) that make its possessor from those in the lowest depths of an-Nr (the Fire, i.e., Hell).

We seek refuge in Allh from Shiqq (separating) and Nifq (hypocrisy).38


اَلنِّفَاقُ الْعَمَلِيُّ
2.   Amal Nifq (Hypocrisy in Actions/Deeds)

When it comes to the Amal Nifq39, it is of five types:

a.   When he speaks, he lies;

b.   When he disputes, he resorts to obscene speech;

c.   When he makes a promise, he breaks it;

d.   When he is entrusted, he betrays the trust; and

e.   When he makes an agreement, he proves treacherous.
40

Allh Subhnahu wa Tal knows best!.. May peace and abundant salutations be upon our Sayyid (master) Muhammad, his family (especially his family, and then upon his entire nation), and his Ashb (companions). (mn!)




Quote
Footnotes:

37- It is mentioned in Lisnul Arab,

Nifq (hypocrisy) is the name of the action done by the Munfiq; entering Islm from one angle and leaving it in another. It is derived from the word Nfiq, meaning the hole of a Jerboa. It is Nfaqa in the past tense form, Yunfiqu in the future/present tense form and Munfaqah and Nifq in the verbal noun form. Although the term Nifq is a known term in Arabic, its usage denoting the meaning of manifesting mn while concealing Kufr is peculiar to Islm, and previously has never been used in this particular meaning in Arabic. (Ibnu Mandhr, Lisnul Arab, concisely from 10/359)

38- Those who perform actions as such are in reality Munfıq and Kfir. Allhu Tal stated,


إِنَّ الْمُنَافِقِينَ فِي الدَّرْكِ الْأَسْفَلِ مِنَ النَّارِ وَلَن تَجِدَ لَهُمْ نَصِيرًا.
Verily, the Munfiqn (hypocrites) will be in the lowest depths of the Fire - and never will you find for them a helper. (an-Nis 4/145)

39- Not everyone who performs these actions of Nifq will become Kfir. However, because these are actions usually performed by the pure Munfiqn, they have been referenced as actions performed by/signs of the Munfiqn.

40- The Shaykh Rahimahullh, collectively points out the characteristics of the Munfiqn mentioned in various Ahdth. While four characteristics are mentioned in some of the relevant Ahdth, three are mentioned in others. The sources for these Ahdth -with various wordings- are as follows: al-Bukhr, Hadth no: 34; Muslim, Hadth no: 106; at-Tirmidh, Hadth no: 2632 and others.
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Objectionable words and deeds / Re: KITBUL KAB'IR (THE BOOK OF MAJOR SINS)
« Last post by Izhr'ud Dn on 03.12.2019, 04:51:28 PM »
باب المتشبع بما لم يعط Chapter on the One Who Boasts Regarding (Possessing) something which He has not Been Given

It is narrated from both of them (i.e., al-Bukhr and Muslim) on the authority of Asm Radiyallhu Anh that a women said, O Raslullh Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam! Verily, I have a co-wife; so would there be any sin on me if I were to boast of (receiving something from) my husband which he has not given me (in order to tease her)? He Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam said,

إن المتشبع بما لم يعط كلابس ثوبي زور
Verily, the one who boasts regarding (possessing) something that he has not been given is just like one who wears the garment of Zr (falsehood). (al-Bukhr, Hadth no. 5219; Muslim, Hadth no. 2129-2130)
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Timely Fiqh Issues / 1 RABΒUL KHIR 1441H
« Last post by Izhr'ud Dn on 28.11.2019, 01:35:25 AM »


بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِ

١ رَبِيعُ الْآخِرِ ١٤٤١
1 RABΒUL KHIR 1441H
THE TWENTY NINTH OF THE ELEVENTH MONTH (29.11) 2019

Tonight, on the 29th of Rabul Awwal (the twenty seventh of the eleventh month 2019), the Hill (crescent moon) of Rabul khir 1441H was observed and the Hill could not be sighted. Therefore, the month of Rabul Awwal will be completed to 30 days as was prescribed in the Sunnah.

Thus, the 1st day of Rabul khir 1441H will fall on the twenty ninth day of the eleventh month (29.11.2019). Wallhu A'lam!
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Hadth / Re: 40 HADTH -IBNU TAYMIYYAH
« Last post by Izhr'ud Dn on 24.11.2019, 08:22:42 PM »


The Ninth Hadth

Shaykh, Faqh, Imm, lim, al-Bri, Jamlud Dn Abul Faraj Abdur Rahmn bin Sulaymn bin Sad bin Sulaymn al-Baghdd informed us about the recitation upon him and I listened to it in the year 668H. (He said:) Abul Yaman Zayd Ibnul Hasan bin Zabad al-Kind informed us about the recitation upon him. (He said:) Ab Abdullh al-Husayn bin Al bin Ahmad al-Muqr informed us. (He said:) Abul Husayn Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Ahmad Ibnun Naqr informed us that Ab Thir Muhammad bin Abdir Rahmn Ibnul Abbs al-Mukhlis informed us in the year 390H that Yahy narrated to us that Ynus narrated to us  that: Abul Ahwas narrated to us from Ashath bin Abish Shath from Muhammad bin Umayr from Ab Hurayrah Radiyallhu Anh said,

نَهَى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ عَنْ بَيْعَتَيْنِ وَعَنْ لُبْسَتَيْنِ: أَنْ يَلْبَسَ الرَّجُلُ الثَّوْبَ الْوَاحِدَ وَيَشْتَمِلَ بِهِ وَيَطْرَحَ أَحَدَ جَانِبَيْهِ عَلَى مَنْكِبِهِ وَيَحْتَبِي فِي الثَّوْبِ الْوَاحِدِ. وَأَنْ يَقُولَ: انْبِذْ إلَيَّ ثَوْبَك وَأَنْبِذُ إلَيْك ثَوْبِي مِنْ غَيْرِ أَنْ يُقَلِّبَا
Raslullh Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam forbade from two types of business transactions and dressing in two types of clothing:

For a man to wear one piece of clothing while wrapping himself with it by throwing one of its sides on his shoulder (leaving his other shoulder uncovered) and for him to sit with his legs drawn up while wrapped in one garment (in a manner which will conceal his private parts). And for him to say without examining the garments, Throw your garment to me and I will throw my garment to you.9

Shaykh (Rahimahullh) was born in the year 585H in Harrn, and he died in (the month of) Shabn, in the year 670H in Dimashq (Damascus).



Quote
Footnotes:

9- The second type of transaction that Raslullh Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam forbade was the Mulmasah Transaction.
   
The Mulmasah Transaction (touch sale) is for a buyer to only touch the garment he wants to buy which would oblige him to buy it without flipping it over and examining it. (for further details on the issue, see Umdatul Fiqh, Kitbul Buy, p. 53-54; al-Uddah, 1/325-326; al-Mutli, p. 275)
6
Objectionable words and deeds / Re: KITBUL KAB'IR (THE BOOK OF MAJOR SINS)
« Last post by Izhr'ud Dn on 22.11.2019, 08:28:41 PM »
باب ترويع المسلم Chapter on Frightening a Muslim

It is narrated from Abdur Rahmn bin Ab Layl that he said: The Ashb (companions) of Raslullh Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam narrated to us that they were travelling with the Nab Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam. A man amongst them slept, so one of them went with a rope he had with him and seized him. Thereupon, he became terrified. So Raslullh Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam said,

إنه لا يحل لمسلم أن يروع أخاه
Verily, it is not Hall (permissible) for a Muslim to frighten his brother (in religion). (Ab Dwd, Hadth no. 5004)
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Pamphlets on Tawhd / Re: A COMPILATION OF PAMPHLETS ON TAWHD
« Last post by Izhr'ud Dn on 19.11.2019, 12:05:17 AM »
وَالْكُفْرُ: كُفْرَانٌ؛

كُفْرٌ يُخْرِجُ مِنَ الْمِلَّةِ، وَهُوَ: خَمْسَةُ أَنْوَاعٍ.

اَلنَّوْعُ الْأَوَّلُ كُفْرُ التَّكْذِيبِ،

وَالدَّلِيلُ عَلَيْهِ قَوْلُهُ تَعَالَى:

﴿وَمَنْ أَظْلَمُ مِمَّنِ افْتَرَى عَلَى اللّٰهِ كَذِبًا أَوْ كَذَّبَ بِالْحَقِّ لَمَّا جَاءَهُ أَلَيْسَ فِي جَهَنَّمَ مَثْوًى لِلْكَافِرِينَ.﴾ [العنكبوت: 68]

اَلنَّوْعُ الثَّانِي: كُفْرُ الْإِسْتِكْبَارِ وَالْإِبَاءِ مَعَ التَّصْدِيقِ،

وَالدَّلِيلُ عَلَيْهِ قَوْلُهُ:

﴿وَإِذْ قُلْنَا لِلْمَلاَئِكَةِ اسْجُدُوا لِآدَمَ فَسَجَدُوا إِلاَّ إِبْلِيسَ أَبَى وَاسْتَكْبَرَ وَكَانَ مِنَ الْكَافِرِينَ.﴾ [البقرة: 34]

KUFR (DISBELIEF) AND ITS TYPES[1]

Kufr is of two types:

1.   Al-Kufrul Akbar (Major Disbelief)

Kufr (disbelief), which excludes one completely from the Millah (i.e., the nation of Islm), is of five types[2]:

a.   Kufrut Takdhb (Disbelief by Denial & Rejection)

The first type is Kufrut Takdhb (Disbelief by Denial and Rejection), and its evidence is the statement of Allhu Tal,

And who is more unjust than he who invents a lie against Allh or denies the truth when it comes to him? Is there not a dwelling in Hell for the Kfirn (disbelievers)? (al-Ankabt 29/68)

b.   Kufrul Istikbri wal Ibi maat Tasdq (Disbelief by Pride & Rejection with Affirmation)

The second type is Kufrul Istikbri wal Ibi maat Tasdq (Disbelief by Pride and Rejection with Affirmation), and its evidence is the statement of Allhu Tal,

And (remember) when We said to the angels, Prostrate yourselves before dam. And they prostrated except ibls (satan), he refused and was proud and was one of the disbelievers (disobedient to Allh). (al-Baqarah 2/34)


اَلنَّوْعُ الثَّالِثُ: كُفْرُ الشَّكِّ وَهُوَ: كُفْرُ الظَّنِّ،

وَالدَّلِيلُ عَلَيْهِ قَوْلُهُ تَعَالَى:

﴿وَدَخَلَ جَنَّتَهُ وَهُوَ ظَالِمٌ لِنَفْسِهِ قَالَ مَا أَظُنُّ أَنْ تَبِيدَ هَذِهِ أَبَدًا. وَمَا أَظُنُّ السَّاعَةَ قَائِمَةً وَلَئِنْ رُدِدْتُ إِلَى رَبِّي لَأَجِدَنَّ خَيْرًا مِنْهَا مُنْقَلَبًا. قَالَ لَهُ صَاحِبُهُ وَهُوَ يُحَاوِرُهُ أَكَفَرْتَ بِالَّذِي خَلَقَكَ مِنْ تُرَابٍ ثُمَّ مِنْ نُطْفَةٍ ثُمَّ سَوَّاكَ رَجُلاً.﴾ [الكهف: 35-37]

اَلنَّوْعُ الرَّابِعُ: كُفْرُ الْإِعْرَاضِ، وَالدَّلِيلُ عَلَيْهِ قَوْلُهُ تَعَالَى:

﴿وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا عَمَّا أُنْذِرُوا مُعْرِضُونَ.﴾ [الأحقاف: 3]

اَلنَّوْعُ الْخَامِسُ: كُفْرُ النِّفَاقِ، اَلدَّلِيلُ عَلَيْهِ قَوْلُهُ تَعَالَى:

﴿ذٰلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمْ آمَنُوا ثُمَّ كَفَرُوا فَطُبِعَ عَلَى قُلُوبِهِمْ فَهُمْ لاَ يَفْقَهُونَ.﴾ [المنافقون: 3]

c.   Kufrush Shakk (Disbelief by Doubt)

The third type is Kufrush Shakk (Disbelief by Doubt) and it is Kufrudh Dhan (Disbelief by Lacking Conviction), and its evidence is the statement of Allhu Tal,

And he entered his garden while he was unjust to himself. He said, I do not think that this will ever perish. And I do not think the Hour will occur. And even if I should be brought back to my Rabb, I will surely find better than this as a return. His companion said to him while he was conversing with him, Have you disbelieved in He who created you from dust and then from a sperm-drop and then proportioned you (as) a man? (al-Kahf 18/35-37)

d.   Kufrul Irdh (Disbelief by Turning away from the Truth)

The fourth type is Kufrul Irdh (Disbelief by Turning away from the Truth) and its evidence is the statement of Allhu Tal,

But those who disbelieve turn away from what they were warned of. (al-Ahqf 46/3)

e.   Kufrun Nifq (Disbelief by Hypocrisy)

The fifth type is Kufrun Nifq (Disbelief by Hypocrisy), and its evidence is the statement of Allhu Tal,

That is because they believed, then disbelieved, therefore their hearts were sealed, so they understand not. (al-Munfiqn 63/3)


وَكُفْرٌ أَصْغَرُ لاَ يُخْرِجُ مِنَ الْمِلِّةِ، وَهُوَ: كُفْرُ النِّعْمَةِ، وَالدَّلِيلُ عَلَيْهِ قَوْلُهُ تَعَالَى:

﴿وَضَرَبَ اللّٰهُ مَثَلاً قَرْيَةً كَانَتْ آمِنَةً مُطْمَئِنَّةً يَأْتِيهَا رِزْقُهَا رَغَدًا مِنْ كُلِّ مَكَانٍ فَكَفَرَتْ بِأَنْعُمِ اللّٰهِ فَأَذَاقَهَا اللّٰهُ.﴾ اَلْآيَة [النحل: 112] وَقَوْلُهُ:

﴿إِنَّ الْإِنْسَانَ لَظَلُومٌ كَفَّارٌ.﴾ [إبراهيم: 34]

2.   Al-Kufrul Asghar (Minor Disbelief)[3]

Al-Kufrul Asghar (Minor Disbelief) does not exclude one from the Millah (i.e., nation of Islm), and it is Kufrun Nimah (Disbelief Manifesting itself in Ungratefulness for Allh's Blessings or Favors). Its evidence is the statement of Allhu Tal,

And Allah puts forward the example of a town, that dwelt secure and well content; its provision coming to it in abundance from every place; but it (its people) denied the Favours of Allh (with ungratefulness). So Allh made it taste [the extreme of hunger (famine) and fear, because of that which they used to do].[4] (an-Nahl 16/112)

And His statement,

Verily! Man is indeed Dhalm (an extreme wrong-doer), Kaffr (an extreme ingrate disbeliever). (Ibrhm 14/34)[5][/size]

ANNOTATIONS:
 1. Rghib al-Isfahn describes the term Kufr in the following manner:

Linguistically, Kufr means to cover/conceal something. Because the night covers the people, it is described as Kfir. The farmers are also called Kfir since they cover/conceal the earth with seeds. () Kufrun Nimah or Kufrnun Nimah means covering/concealing blessings/favors through lack of appreciation. () Allhu Tal stated the following,


﴿وَاشْكُرُوا لِي وَلاَ تَكْفُرُونِ.﴾ [البقرة: 152]
and be grateful to Me (for My countless favours/blessings on you) and never be ungrateful to Me (al-Baqarah 2/152)

The concise quotation from Rghib al-Isfahn ends here. (Rghib al-Isfahn, Al-Mufradt, article
ك - ف - ر)

In his Tafsr regarding the 6th yah of Sratul Baqarah, Imm al-Qurtub explains Kufr to be the opposite of mn. (al-Qurtub, Tafsr, 1/183)

Regarding this in Lisn'ul Arab in summary, mentioned is the following,

Kufr; is the opposite of mn. It is said,

We have mn (belief) in Allh and we have rejected the Tght.

Then Kfir means the one who does not have mn (belief), the one who rejects. The word Takfr is derived from the same root and it means to attribute one to Kufr.
(For more information, refer to: Ibnu Mandhr, Lisnul Arab, 5/144+ Dru Sdir, Beirut, 1414H/1994)

In this case, in the view of the Sharah, the one who does not have an acceptable mn is a Kfir.

Since Kufr is the opposite of mn, it is important to put emphasis on the term mn.

Again, in the same work by Ibnu Mandhr, he mentions the definition the Lugt scholar (Grammarian/Language) az-Zajjj gives to mn is as follows,

mn is to manifest al-Khudh (submission) and al-Qabl (acceptance to the Sharah and that which the Nab Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam brought, and having Itiqd (belief) in this and confirming it with the heart. (see Lisnul Arab, 13/23)

Since Kufr is the opposite of mn, according to this description, Kufr is not submitting to the Sharah and rejecting anything from the Sharah.

Because mn is confirmation with the heart, affirmation with speech, and acting with the limbs, Kufr, which is the opposite of mn, can sometimes be with the heart and this is called Itiqd Kufr; it can sometimes be with speech and this is called Qawl Kufr; and sometimes it can be with actions and this is called Amal Kufr.

In short, Kufr is not confined to rejection by the heart, rather it is in the scope of every belief, speech, and action that is unimaginable to emanate from a Mumin (believer).

Herewith, the foundation base of mn and Kufr is the heart. The source of Kufr speech and actions which occur in ones actions is the unbelief of the heart and its opposite, meaning emanating Kufr speech and action while having mn in ones heart is an impossible thing that can never be imagined unless in a situation of Ikrh (coercion).
 
 2. The above-mentioned description of Kufr is the description of Kufrul Akbar (Major Disbelief). The types mentioned are not to confine Kufr to five, but to point out the most prevalently committed major types. Besides, in their books, the scholars have mentioned other types of Kufr such as Kufrul Jahlah (Disbelief of Ignorance).
 
 3. Linguistically, the term Kufr is to cover, conceal, hide, being ungrateful etc. For this reason, in a number of Nass (textual proof), actions which do not take one out of the fold of Islm have been named Kufr, either in regard to this meaning or in the meaning of the branches of Kufr.

These actions -which are attributed as al-Kufrul Asghar (Minor Disbelief)- do not contradict the bases of mn, and sometimes can emanate from the Mumin. As in the following Hadth narrated by Muslim:


سِبَابُ الْمُسْلِمِ فُسُوقٌ وَقِتَالُهُ كُفْرٌ.
Defaming a Muslim is Fusq (evildoing), and fighting him is Kufr. (Muslim, Hadth no: 64)
 
 4. The author Rahimahullh did not quote the section in parenthesis. We found it suitable to add it so that it may help the reader to understand the yah better.
 
 5. In translation, the full text of the yah reads as follows,

﴿وَآتَاكُم مِّن كُلِّ مَا سَأَلْتُمُوهُ وَإِن تَعُدُّوا نِعْمَتَ اللهِ لاَ تُحْصُوهَا إِنَّ الْإِنْسَانَ لَظَلُومٌ كَفَّارٌ.﴾ [إبراهيم: 34]
And He gave you of all that you asked for, and if you count the Blessings of Allh, you will never be able to count them. Verily! Man is indeed Dhalm (an extreme wrong-doer), Kaffr (an extreme ingrate disbeliever). (Ibrhm 14/34)
8
Objectionable words and deeds / Re: KITBUL KAB'IR (THE BOOK OF MAJOR SINS)
« Last post by Izhr'ud Dn on 17.11.2019, 02:33:47 AM »
باب الاستهزاء Chapter on Ridiculing

And the statement of Allhu Tal,

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ أَجْرَمُوا كَانُوا مِنَ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا يَضْحَكُونَ وَإِذَا مَرُّوا بِهِمْ يَتَغَامَزُونَ
Verily! (During the worldly life,) those who committed crimes used to laugh at those who believed. And when they passed by them, they used to wink one to another (in mockery). (al-Mutaffifn 83/29-30)

And His statement in the yah,

فَاتَّخَذْتُمُوهُمْ سِخْرِيّاً
But you took them in mockery (Muminn 23/110)[1]

And His statement in the yah,

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لا يَسْخَرْ قَوْمٌ مِنْ قَوْمٍ
O you who believe! Let not a group ridicule another group (Hujurt 49/11)[2]

It is narrated from al-Hasan (al-Basr) Radiyallhu anh that Raslullh Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam said,

إن المستهزئين بالناس يفتح لأحدهم في الآخرة باب في الجنة، فيقال له: هلم! فيجيء بكربه وغمه، فإذا جاء أغلق دونه الباب. ثم يفتح له باب آخر، فيقال له: هلم! هلم! فيجيء بكربه وغمه، فإذا جاءه أغلق دونه. فما يزال كذلك حتى إن أحدهم ليفتح له الباب من أبواب الجنة فيقال له: هلم! فما يأتيه من اليأس
Verily, a door in Jannah (paradise) will be opened in the khirah (hereafter) for one of those who ridicule people. It will be said to him, Come! and he will come (towards it) with grief and anxiety. So when he reaches it, the door will close without him (entering it). Then another door will be opened for him, and it will be said to him Come! Come! and he will come (towards it) with grief and anxiety. Thus when he reaches it, the door will close without him (entering it). This will continue in that manner until one of them (the angels) open a door from amongst the doors of Jannah for him. Thereupon, it will be said to him, Come! he will not come to it because of sorrow. (with similar wording, al-Bayhaq Shuabul mn, 6333)

It is also narrated by Ibnu Ab Htim and others from Ibnu Umar Radiyallhu Anh in a Marf Hadth,

من مات همازا لمازا ملقبا للناس، كان علامته يوم القيامة أن الله يسمه على الخرطوم من كلا الشدقين
On Yawmul Qiymah (the Day of Resurrection), the sign of the one who dies in a state of slandering, criticizing, and giving nicknames to people will be Allh branding him on his nose from both sides of his mouth. (Ibnu Ab Htim Tafsr, Hadth no. 18946; at-Tabarn, al-Mujamul Awsat Hadth no. 8801; al-Mujamul Kabr, Hadth no. 14743)
 1. The yah in full reads,

فَاتَّخَذْتُمُوهُمْ سِخْرِيًّا حَتَّى أَنْسَوْكُمْ ذِكْرِي وَكُنْتُمْ مِنْهُمْ تَضْحَكُونَ
But you took them in mockery, to the point that they made you forget My remembrance, and you used to laugh at them. (Muminn 23/110)
 2. The yah in full reads,

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا يَسْخَرْ قَوْمٌ مِنْ قَوْمٍ عَسَى أَنْ يَكُونُوا خَيْرًا مِنْهُمْ وَلَا نِسَاءٌ مِنْ نِسَاءٍ عَسَى أَنْ يَكُنَّ خَيْرًا مِنْهُنَّ وَلَا تَلْمِزُوا أَنْفُسَكُمْ وَلَا تَنَابَزُوا بِالْأَلْقَابِ بِئْسَ الِاسْمُ الْفُسُوقُ بَعْدَ الْإِيمَانِ وَمَنْ لَمْ يَتُبْ فَأُولَئِكَ هُمُ الظَّالِمُونَ
O you who believe! Let not a group ridicule another group; perhaps they may be better than them, nor let women ridicule (other) women; perhaps they may be better than them. And do not insult one another and do not call each other by (offensive) nicknames. Wretched is the name of disobedience after (ones) faith. And whosoever does not repent, then such are the Dhlimn (pl. Dhlim; wrong-doers). (Muminn 23/110)
9
Bidah / Mubtadi / Re: CELEBRATING "MAWLID AN-NAB (THE PROPHET'S BIRTHDAY)"
« Last post by Izhr'ud Dn on 08.11.2019, 06:26:38 PM »
Bismillh,

Just a reminder!..
10
اَلْكُفْرُ وَأَنْوَاعُهُ
KUFR (DISBELIEF) AND ITS TYPES32

Kufr is of two types:

اَلْكُفْرُ الْأَكْبَرُ
1.   Al-Kufrul Akbar (Major Disbelief)

Kufr (disbelief), which excludes one completely from the Millah (i.e., the nation of Islm), is of five types33:

كُفْرُ التَّكْذِيبِ
a.   Kufrut Takdhb (Disbelief by Denial & Rejection)

The first type is Kufrut Takdhb (Disbelief by Denial and Rejection), and its evidence is the statement of Allhu Tal,

وَمَنْ أَظْلَمُ مِمَّنِ افْتَرَى عَلَى اللّٰهِ كَذِبًا أَوْ كَذَّبَ بِالْحَقِّ لَمَّا جَاءَهُ أَلَيْسَ فِي جَهَنَّمَ مَثْوًى لِلْكَافِرِينَ.
And who is more unjust than he who invents a lie against Allh or denies the truth when it comes to him? Is there not a dwelling in Hell for the Kfirn (disbelievers)? (al-Ankabt 29/68)

كُفْرُ الْإِسْتِكْبَارِ وَالْإِبَاءِ مَعَ التَّصْدِيقِ
b.   Kufrul Istikbri wal Ibi maat Tasdq (Disbelief by Pride & Rejection with Affirmation)

The second type is Kufrul Istikbri wal Ibi maat Tasdq (Disbelief by Pride and Rejection with Affirmation), and its evidence is the statement of Allhu Tal,

وَإِذْ قُلْنَا لِلْمَلاَئِكَةِ اسْجُدُوا لِآدَمَ فَسَجَدُوا إِلاَّ إِبْلِيسَ أَبَى وَاسْتَكْبَرَ وَكَانَ مِنَ الْكَافِرِينَ.
And (remember) when We said to the angels, Prostrate yourselves before dam. And they prostrated except ibls (satan), he refused and was proud and was one of the disbelievers (disobedient to Allh). (al-Baqarah 2/34)

كُفْرُ الشَّكِّ
c.   Kufrush Shakk (Disbelief by Doubt)

The third type is Kufrush Shakk (Disbelief by Doubt) and it is Kufrudh Dhan (Disbelief by Lacking Conviction), and its evidence is the statement of Allhu Tal,

وَدَخَلَ جَنَّتَهُ وَهُوَ ظَالِمٌ لِنَفْسِهِ قَالَ مَا أَظُنُّ أَنْ تَبِيدَ هَذِهِ أَبَدًا. وَمَا أَظُنُّ السَّاعَةَ قَائِمَةً وَلَئِنْ رُدِدْتُ إِلَى رَبِّي لَأَجِدَنَّ خَيْرًا مِنْهَا مُنْقَلَبًا. قَالَ لَهُ صَاحِبُهُ وَهُوَ يُحَاوِرُهُ أَكَفَرْتَ بِالَّذِي خَلَقَكَ مِنْ تُرَابٍ ثُمَّ مِنْ نُطْفَةٍ ثُمَّ سَوَّاكَ رَجُلاً.
And he entered his garden while he was unjust to himself. He said, I do not think that this will ever perish. And I do not think the Hour will occur. And even if I should be brought back to my Rabb, I will surely find better than this as a return. His companion said to him while he was conversing with him, Have you disbelieved in He who created you from dust and then from a sperm-drop and then proportioned you (as) a man? (al-Kahf 18/35-37)

كُفْرُ الْإِعْرَاضِ
d.   Kufrul Irdh (Disbelief by Turning away from the Truth)

The fourth type is Kufrul Irdh (Disbelief by Turning away from the Truth) and its evidence is the statement of Allhu Tal,

وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا عَمَّا أُنْذِرُوا مُعْرِضُونَ.
But those who disbelieve turn away from what they were warned of. (al-Ahqf 46/3)

كُفْرُ النِّفَاقِ
e.   Kufrun Nifq (Disbelief by Hypocrisy)

The fifth type is Kufrun Nifq (Disbelief by Hypocrisy), and its evidence is the statement of Allhu Tal,

ذٰلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمْ آمَنُوا ثُمَّ كَفَرُوا فَطُبِعَ عَلَى قُلُوبِهِمْ فَهُمْ لاَ يَفْقَهُونَ.
That is because they believed, then disbelieved, therefore their hearts were sealed, so they understand not. (al-Munfiqn 63/3)

اَلْكُفْرُ الْأَصْغَرُ
2.   Al-Kufrul Asghar (Minor Disbelief)34

Al-Kufrul Asghar (Minor Disbelief) does not exclude one from the Millah (i.e., nation of Islm), and it is Kufrun Nimah (Disbelief Manifesting itself in Ungratefulness for Allh's Blessings or Favors). Its evidence is the statement of Allhu Tal,

وَضَرَبَ اللّٰهُ مَثَلاً قَرْيَةً كَانَتْ آمِنَةً مُطْمَئِنَّةً يَأْتِيهَا رِزْقُهَا رَغَدًا مِنْ كُلِّ مَكَانٍ فَكَفَرَتْ بِأَنْعُمِ اللّٰهِ فَأَذَاقَهَا اللّٰهُ.
And Allah puts forward the example of a town, that dwelt secure and well content; its provision coming to it in abundance from every place; but it (its people) denied the Favours of Allh (with ungratefulness). So Allh made it taste [the extreme of hunger (famine) and fear, because of that which they used to do].35 (an-Nahl 16/112)

And His statement,


إِنَّ الْإِنْسَانَ لَظَلُومٌ كَفَّارٌ.
Verily! Man is indeed Dhalm (an extreme wrong-doer), Kaffr (an extreme ingrate disbeliever). (Ibrhm 14/34)36



Quote
Footnotes:

32- Rghib al-Isfahn describes the term Kufr in the following manner:

Linguistically, Kufr means to cover/conceal something. Because the night covers the people, it is described as Kfir. The farmers are also called Kfir since they cover/conceal the earth with seeds. () Kufrun Nimah or Kufrnun Nimah means covering/concealing blessings/favors through lack of appreciation. () Allhu Tal stated the following,


وَاشْكُرُوا لِي وَلاَ تَكْفُرُونِ.
and be grateful to Me (for My countless favours/blessings on you) and never be ungrateful to Me (al-Baqarah 2/152)

The concise quotation from Rghib al-Isfahn ends here. (Rghib al-Isfahn, Al-Mufradt, article
ك - ف - ر)

In his Tafsr regarding the 6th yah of Sratul Baqarah, Imm al-Qurtub explains Kufr to be the opposite of mn. (al-Qurtub, Tafsr, 1/183)

Regarding this in Lisn'ul Arab in summary, mentioned is the following,

Kufr; is the opposite of mn. It is said,

We have mn (belief) in Allh and we have rejected the Tght.

Then Kfir means the one who does not have mn (belief), the one who rejects. The word Takfr is derived from the same root and it means to attribute one to Kufr.
(For more information, refer to: Ibnu Mandhr, Lisnul Arab, 5/144+ Dru Sdir, Beirut, 1414H/1994)

In this case, in the view of the Sharah, the one who does not have an acceptable mn is a Kfir.

Since Kufr is the opposite of mn, it is important to put emphasis on the term mn.

Again, in the same work by Ibnu Mandhr, he mentions the definition the Lugt scholar (Grammarian/Language) az-Zajjj gives to mn is as follows,

mn is to manifest al-Khudh (submission) and al-Qabl (acceptance to the Sharah and that which the Nab Sallallhu Alayhi wa Sallam brought, and having Itiqd (belief) in this and confirming it with the heart. (see Lisnul Arab, 13/23)

Since Kufr is the opposite of mn, according to this description, Kufr is not submitting to the Sharah and rejecting anything from the Sharah.

Because mn is confirmation with the heart, affirmation with speech, and acting with the limbs, Kufr, which is the opposite of mn, can sometimes be with the heart and this is called Itiqd Kufr; it can sometimes be with speech and this is called Qawl Kufr; and sometimes it can be with actions and this is called Amal Kufr.

In short, Kufr is not confined to rejection by the heart, rather it is in the scope of every belief, speech, and action that is unimaginable to emanate from a Mumin (believer).

Herewith, the foundation base of mn and Kufr is the heart. The source of Kufr speech and actions which occur in ones actions is the unbelief of the heart and its opposite, meaning emanating Kufr speech and action while having mn in ones heart is an impossible thing that can never be imagined unless in a situation of Ikrh (coercion).

33- The above-mentioned description of Kufr is the description of Kufrul Akbar (Major Disbelief). The types mentioned are not to confine Kufr to five, but to point out the most prevalently committed major types. Besides, in their books, the scholars have mentioned other types of Kufr such as Kufrul Jahlah (Disbelief of Ignorance).

34- Linguistically, the term Kufr is to cover, conceal, hide, being ungrateful etc. For this reason, in a number of Nass (textual proof), actions which do not take one out of the fold of Islm have been named Kufr, either in regard to this meaning or in the meaning of the branches of Kufr.

These actions -which are attributed as al-Kufrul Asghar (Minor Disbelief)- do not contradict the bases of mn, and sometimes can emanate from the Mumin. As in the following Hadth narrated by Muslim:


سِبَابُ الْمُسْلِمِ فُسُوقٌ وَقِتَالُهُ كُفْرٌ.
Defaming a Muslim is Fusq (evildoing), and fighting him is Kufr. (Muslim, Hadth no: 64)

35- The author Rahimahullh did not quote the section in parenthesis. We found it suitable to add it so that it may help the reader to understand the yah better.

36- In translation, the full text of the yah reads as follows,


وَآتَاكُم مِّن كُلِّ مَا سَأَلْتُمُوهُ وَإِن تَعُدُّوا نِعْمَتَ اللهِ لاَ تُحْصُوهَا إِنَّ الْإِنْسَانَ لَظَلُومٌ كَفَّارٌ.
And He gave you of all that you asked for, and if you count the Blessings of Allh, you will never be able to count them. Verily! Man is indeed Dhalm (an extreme wrong-doer), Kaffr (an extreme ingrate disbeliever). (Ibrhm 14/34)
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